About This Chapter
Measures & Determinants of Human Fertility - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
There are many factors that can influence the fertility of an individual or population.The lessons in this chapter explore the tools used to measure fertility rates and analyze the relationship between fertility and population. After completing each lesson, take the corresponding quiz to gauge your understanding of the concepts covered, and be sure to ask an instructor if you have any questions. Once you've completed these lessons, you should be able to identify:
- How to calculate and interpret measures of fertility
- The differences between natural and controlled fertility
- Biological components that determine fertility
- Recent fertility trends across the globe
- Problems leading to low fertility and possible solutions
|Measurements of Fertility: Terms, Calculations & Interpretations||Discover, calculate, and interpret fertility measurements.|
|Fertility Measuring Tools: Child-Woman Ratio, Age-Specific & Marital Fertility Rates||See how the child-woman ratio and age-specific and marital fertility rates can be measured and interpreted.|
|Population Patterns in Natural vs. Controlled Fertility Environment||Take a look at the differences between natural and controlled fertility environments.|
|The Proximate Determinants Framework of Human Fertility||Discover and understand the proximate determinants framework of human fertility.|
|Proximate Determinants of Fertility||Explore the determinants of fertility, such as biological components and use of contraception.|
|Supply-Demand Models of Fertility||Analyze the concept of ideal family size in relation to the ability to control fertility.|
|Demographic Transition Theory: Definition & Examples||Take a look at key examples supporting the demographic transition theory.|
|Diffusion of Innovation: Theory, History & Examples||Study the theory of diffusion of innovation and discover examples.|
|Contemporary Trends of World Fertility||Analyze recent fertility trends on a global scale.|
|Examples of High Fertility: India, Mexico & Jordan||Explore the concept of high fertility using country-specific examples.|
|Rapid Population Growth: Consequences & Prevention Methods||Examine arguments surrounding programs to stop rapid population growth.|
|Family Planning: Definition, Programs & Efficacy||Analyze arguments related to the efficacy of programs for family planning.|
|Fertility Decline in Industrialized Countries: Trends & Preconditions||Take a look at fertility trends taking place in industrialized countries since 1970.|
|Low Fertility in Populations: Definitions & Explanations||Explore replacement level fertility and factors that may have an effect on it.|
|Very Low Fertility Rates: Policies & Solutions||Study possible policy solutions for fertility rates that are very low.|
|Community Problems Associated with Very Low Fertility||See how very low fertility rates can cause problems within a community.|
|Fertility Policies & Their Ethical Implications||Discover fertility policies and explore their ethical impacts.|
1. Measurements of Fertility: Terms, Calculations & Interpretations
In this lesson, explore five different measurements of fertility and discover how each is calculated and used. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Fertility Measuring Tools: Child-Woman Ratio, Age-Specific & Marital Fertility Rates
One of the important uses of statistics is measuring rates of fertility, and demographers have some great ways of doing this. Explore three major tools for measuring fertility rates, and test your understanding with a brief quiz in this lesson.
3. Population Patterns in Natural vs. Controlled Fertility Environment
Different populations have different fertility rates, and one way to examine this is by studying the difference between natural and controlled fertility environments. Explore the differences in these populations in this lesson.
4. The Proximate Determinants Framework of Human Fertility
In this lesson, you will explore how various factors influence human fertility rates in populations, and discover how we measure that with the proximate determinants framework. Then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
5. Proximate Determinants of Fertility
This lesson focuses on fertility rates and the proximate determinants of them. In doing this, it highlights seven of the factors set forth by the work of Bongaarts & Potter.
6. Supply-Demand Models of Fertility
How many children should a couple have? There are many factors that influence this, and one theory explains this through the model of supply and demand. Explore this idea, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
7. Demographic Transition Theory: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will explore the relationship between population and industrial growth through the demographic transition theory and discover common trends around the world. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
8. Diffusion of Innovation: Theory, History & Examples
New ideas and technologies find ways to spread around the world, but it actually takes a lot to fully adopt them into a new society. Explore the idea of diffusion of innovation, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
9. Contemporary Trends of World Fertility
The world's population is growing faster than ever, yet some countries are slowing down their own population growth. How is that possible? This lesson looks at the paradoxes of worldwide population growth, especially through health, education, food, and other motivations.
10. Examples of High Fertility: India, Mexico & Jordan
Fertility rates across the globe are stabilizing, but still high in many areas. In this lesson, explore fertility rates and trends in India, Mexico, and Jordan, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
11. Rapid Population Growth: Consequences & Prevention Methods
In a few decades, the population of the world has more than quadrupled. In this lesson, we will look at the consequences of such growth, as well as ways of preventing those consequences from occurring.
12. Family Planning: Definition, Programs & Efficacy
Family planning is becoming more and more of a modern priority both here in the United States and around the world. In this lesson, you'll explore the idea of family planning and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
13. Fertility Decline in Industrialized Countries: Trends & Preconditions
While it seems paradoxical, rich countries tend to actually have populations that grow slowly, if at all. This lesson explains why fertility is on the decline in developed nations around the world.
14. Low Fertility in Populations: Definitions & Explanations
The world is growing faster than ever with respect to population. Yet, much of that growth is coming from the poorest parts of the world. In this lesson, we'll look at the reasons for a decline in fertility, as well as the benefits and consequences of it continuing into the future.
15. Very Low Fertility Rates: Policies & Solutions
In this lesson, explore the issue that many modern nations are facing of low fertility rates. Discover the causes of this as well as possible solutions, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
16. Community Problems Associated with Very Low Fertility
Despite a growing world population, many industrialized nations are experiencing a decrease in fertility rates. Explore some potential problems this could create, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
17. Fertility Policies & Their Ethical Implications
Fertility rates are a major concern in many places. Explore several fertility policies and debate their ethical implications, then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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