About This Chapter
Medical Terminology Used for Diagnosis & Pharmacology - Chapter Summary & Learning Objectives
Does it sometimes sound like doctors are speaking a foreign language? What do doctors mean when they say they need something STAT? Make your way through this chapter and become familiar with some basic aspects of medical language related to diagnosis and pharmacology. Diagnosis involves testing to determine the cause of a patient's symptoms. Pharmacology is the study of the effect of medications on the body and vice versa. These are very important aspects of the practice of medicine, and whether you're pursuing a career in healthcare or just need to sound like it, this chapter on medical terminology is a great start. In these lessons, you'll learn:
- What's so vital about vital signs
- What's involved in systemic exams and assessments
- Names for common medical instruments used in diagnosis
- What body sounds are considered abnormal
- What the terminology is for patient positioning during an exam
- Vocabulary used to order tests on blood or urine
- How endoscopy and centesis procedures work
- Which contrast mediums are used for medical imaging
- Terminology and procedures for radiology, radiography, nuclear imaging, fluoroscopy and ultrasonography
- Approved abbreviations and terminology for prescribing, ordering and administering medications
1. Vital Signs: Basic Physical Exam Terminology
This lesson will cover the terms that are most commonly associated with taking vital signs as part of a basic physical exam. We will look at the normal ranges for vital signs and discuss the terms for abnormal vital signs.
2. Systemic Exam: Basic Physical Exam Terminology
In this lesson, we will look at the various parts of the assessment portion of the basic physical exam, including the way in which the assessment is done and what the doctor is looking for.
3. Medical Instruments: Basic Physical Exam Terminology
This lesson is going to introduce the instruments that are used by the doctor during a basic physical exam. We will look at how and where the instruments are used.
4. Abnormal Sounds: Basic Physical Exam Terminology
We are going to discuss the different abnormal sounds that may be observed when doing a basic physical exam and what they may tell the doctor is going on in the body.
5. Important Physical Exam Positions & Vocabulary
Did you know that when the doctor asks you to lie down on a table in a certain way, there's actually a name for the position you are taking? This lesson covers the names of some of these basic positions.
6. Blood Count Test Terminology
We are going to discuss how healthcare professionals get counts of the various types of cells in blood. We will cover normal ranges and the names used when the counts are not normal.
7. Physical Blood Tests: Terminology
This lesson is going to cover the physical properties of blood that are tested. We will look at the normal ranges and find out what abnormal test results may indicate.
8. Chemical Blood Tests: Terminology
This lesson addresses the various tests that are done to check the chemical composition of blood. We will become familiar with the normal ranges and learn what abnormal ranges could indicate for a patient.
9. Chemical Blood Tests: Basic Metabolic Panel Terminology
This lesson covers the various parts of the basic metabolic panel chemical blood test. We will discuss normal ranges and terms associated with abnormal ranges.
10. Terminology of Urinalysis
This lesson will cover terms related to urinalysis, including: urinary pH, specific gravity, albuminuria, proteinuria, glycosuria, creatinuria, bacteriuria, and others. Be sure to test your new knowledge with a quick quiz after watching the video.
11. What Are Endoscopy & Centesis Procedures?
Have you ever wondered how doctors can look inside of our body or take samples of stuff? There's actually more than one way, and this lesson describes two important ways: endoscopy and centesis.
12. Vocabulary for Contrast Medium in Medical Imaging
Are you able to change the contrast on your computer screen? Sure you can! We can also change the contrast of the insides of your body! This lesson explains how.
13. Important Terminology for Medical Radiology
Radiology, radiologist, rads, radiographs, radiograms, ionizing radiation, and other terms related to medical terminology are defined in this lesson. The dangers of x-rays are also discussed.
14. Radiographics Positioning & Projections Terminology
When you have an x-ray taken, two important terms are used to describe how you are positioned and what kind of view or projection of the insides of your body is taken. This lesson introduces the basics of these two concepts.
15. Basic Terminology of Dental Radiography
This lesson will go over the basic vocabulary of dental radiography: dental radiographs, extraoral radiographs, intraoral radiographs, periapical, and bitewing.
16. Vocabulary of CT, MRI & PET Imaging
In this lesson, you'll learn the definitions as well as general advantages and disadvantages of magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and positron emission tomography.
17. Vocabulary for Nuclear Medicine, Imaging & Scanning
This lesson teaches you some of the major vocabulary behind nuclear medicine, as well as how it may help to diagnose and detect problems in a person more effectively than an x-ray.
18. Basic Vocabulary of Fluoroscopy
There are movies that are truly dangerous to your health! No, it's not the latest action flick that almost caused you a heart attack. It has to do with the world of fluoroscopy and its related definitions.
19. Major Terminology of Ultrasonography
Can you hear things without seeing them or see things without hearing them? Maybe if you watch this lesson on ultrasound and its related terminology, you'll find out!
20. Basic Pharmacological Terminology
You can't understand tougher pharmacological terminology unless you know the basic words in this sphere! This lesson defines pharmacology, pharmacologist, pharmacist, generic vs. brand name, and prescription vs. OTC.
21. Terminology of Drug Use, Reactions & Interactions
Do you read drug labels? Do you know why they exist? Drugs interact and react in odd ways, so it pays to read them and be safe. This lesson defines some drug reactions, interactions, and other terms.
22. Basic Terms for Pain-Relieving Medications
Pain is a horrific thing and proper pain relief is important for any treatment plan where pain is evident. This lesson goes over the basic, but important terminology behind the general types of pain relievers.
23. Major Forms of Drug Administration
There are so many different ways a drug can be administered onto or into the body! Learn the most important ways and methods in this lesson, including many of the most common enteral and parenteral routes.
24. Common Pharmacological Dosage Abbreviations
We are going to look at some of the abbreviations that are used in order to communicate dosage in pharmacology. We will look at how they are used and their meanings.
25. Common Pharmacological Administration Abbreviations
This lesson is going to cover some of the common abbreviations used to communicate how to administer medications. We will look at how they are used and what they mean.
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Other chapters within the Medical Terminology: Help & Review course
- Fundamentals of Medical Terminology
- Basic Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terminology for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Pathology Basics & Vocabulary
- Vocabulary Basics for Genetics, Cells & Structures
- Medical Terms for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Oncology Basics & Terms
- Medical Terminology for the Skeletal System
- Vocabulary for the Muscular System & Its Functions
- Vocabulary for the Cardiovascular System
- Terminology for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments
- Terminology for Diagnosis & Treatment of Respiratory Diseases
- Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System
- Terms for GI Tract Pathologies
- GI Tract Diagnosis & Treatment Terminology
- Medical Terms for the Urinary System
- Terminology of the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions
- Terminology for Diagnostics & Treatments of the Nervous System
- Medical Terms Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terminology Related to the Ears
- Terminology for the Integumentary System
- Terminology for The Endocrine System & Hormones
- Endocrine Gland Disorder Vocabulary
- Pancreatic Disorder Vocabulary
- Adrenal Gland Disorder Terminology
- Male Reproductive System & STDs: Medical Terminology
- Female Reproductive System: Medical Terminology
- Medical Terminology for Major Pathogens