Copyright

Ch 30: Medical Terminology Used for Diagnosis & Pharmacology

About This Chapter

Take a look at these brief 5-10 minute video lessons and you'll be talking the talk of medical diagnosis and pharmacology in no time. You'll cover important terminology related to blood tests, drug administration and dosage, medical instruments and more!

Medical Terminology Used for Diagnosis & Pharmacology - Chapter Summary & Learning Objectives

Does it sometimes sound like doctors are speaking a foreign language? What do doctors mean when they say they need something STAT? Make your way through this chapter and become familiar with some basic aspects of medical language related to diagnosis and pharmacology. Diagnosis involves testing to determine the cause of a patient's symptoms. Pharmacology is the study of the effect of medications on the body and vice versa. These are very important aspects of the practice of medicine, and whether you're pursuing a career in healthcare or just need to sound like it, this chapter on medical terminology is a great start. In these lessons, you'll learn:

  • What's so vital about vital signs
  • What's involved in systemic exams and assessments
  • Names for common medical instruments used in diagnosis
  • What body sounds are considered abnormal
  • What the terminology is for patient positioning during an exam
  • Vocabulary used to order tests on blood or urine
  • How endoscopy and centesis procedures work
  • Which contrast mediums are used for medical imaging
  • Terminology and procedures for radiology, radiography, nuclear imaging, fluoroscopy and ultrasonography
  • Approved abbreviations and terminology for prescribing, ordering and administering medications

25 Lessons in Chapter 30: Medical Terminology Used for Diagnosis & Pharmacology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Vital Signs: Basic Physical Exam Terminology

1. Vital Signs: Basic Physical Exam Terminology

This lesson will cover the terms that are most commonly associated with taking vital signs as part of a basic physical exam. We will look at the normal ranges for vital signs and discuss the terms for abnormal vital signs.

Systemic Exam: Basic Physical Exam Terminology

2. Systemic Exam: Basic Physical Exam Terminology

In this lesson, we will look at the various parts of the assessment portion of the basic physical exam, including the way in which the assessment is done and what the doctor is looking for.

Medical Instruments: Basic Physical Exam Terminology

3. Medical Instruments: Basic Physical Exam Terminology

This lesson is going to introduce the instruments that are used by the doctor during a basic physical exam. We will look at how and where the instruments are used.

Abnormal Sounds: Basic Physical Exam Terminology

4. Abnormal Sounds: Basic Physical Exam Terminology

We are going to discuss the different abnormal sounds that may be observed when doing a basic physical exam and what they may tell the doctor is going on in the body.

Important Physical Exam Positions & Vocabulary

5. Important Physical Exam Positions & Vocabulary

Did you know that when the doctor asks you to lie down on a table in a certain way, there's actually a name for the position you are taking? This lesson covers the names of some of these basic positions.

Blood Count Test Terminology

6. Blood Count Test Terminology

We are going to discuss how healthcare professionals get counts of the various types of cells in blood. We will cover normal ranges and the names used when the counts are not normal.

Physical Blood Tests: Terminology

7. Physical Blood Tests: Terminology

This lesson is going to cover the physical properties of blood that are tested. We will look at the normal ranges and find out what abnormal test results may indicate.

Chemical Blood Tests: Terminology

8. Chemical Blood Tests: Terminology

This lesson addresses the various tests that are done to check the chemical composition of blood. We will become familiar with the normal ranges and learn what abnormal ranges could indicate for a patient.

Chemical Blood Tests: Basic Metabolic Panel Terminology

9. Chemical Blood Tests: Basic Metabolic Panel Terminology

This lesson covers the various parts of the basic metabolic panel chemical blood test. We will discuss normal ranges and terms associated with abnormal ranges.

Terminology of Urinalysis

10. Terminology of Urinalysis

This lesson will cover terms related to urinalysis, including: urinary pH, specific gravity, albuminuria, proteinuria, glycosuria, creatinuria, bacteriuria, and others. Be sure to test your new knowledge with a quick quiz after watching the video.

What Are Endoscopy & Centesis Procedures?

11. What Are Endoscopy & Centesis Procedures?

Have you ever wondered how doctors can look inside of our body or take samples of stuff? There's actually more than one way, and this lesson describes two important ways: endoscopy and centesis.

Vocabulary for Contrast Medium in Medical Imaging

12. Vocabulary for Contrast Medium in Medical Imaging

Are you able to change the contrast on your computer screen? Sure you can! We can also change the contrast of the insides of your body! This lesson explains how.

Important Terminology for Medical Radiology

13. Important Terminology for Medical Radiology

Radiology, radiologist, rads, radiographs, radiograms, ionizing radiation, and other terms related to medical terminology are defined in this lesson. The dangers of x-rays are also discussed.

Radiographics Positioning & Projections Terminology

14. Radiographics Positioning & Projections Terminology

When you have an x-ray taken, two important terms are used to describe how you are positioned and what kind of view or projection of the insides of your body is taken. This lesson introduces the basics of these two concepts.

Basic Terminology of Dental Radiography

15. Basic Terminology of Dental Radiography

This lesson will go over the basic vocabulary of dental radiography: dental radiographs, extraoral radiographs, intraoral radiographs, periapical, and bitewing.

Vocabulary of CT, MRI & PET Imaging

16. Vocabulary of CT, MRI & PET Imaging

In this lesson, you'll learn the definitions as well as general advantages and disadvantages of magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and positron emission tomography.

Vocabulary for Nuclear Medicine, Imaging & Scanning

17. Vocabulary for Nuclear Medicine, Imaging & Scanning

This lesson teaches you some of the major vocabulary behind nuclear medicine, as well as how it may help to diagnose and detect problems in a person more effectively than an x-ray.

Basic Vocabulary of Fluoroscopy

18. Basic Vocabulary of Fluoroscopy

There are movies that are truly dangerous to your health! No, it's not the latest action flick that almost caused you a heart attack. It has to do with the world of fluoroscopy and its related definitions.

Major Terminology of Ultrasonography

19. Major Terminology of Ultrasonography

Can you hear things without seeing them or see things without hearing them? Maybe if you watch this lesson on ultrasound and its related terminology, you'll find out!

Basic Pharmacological Terminology

20. Basic Pharmacological Terminology

You can't understand tougher pharmacological terminology unless you know the basic words in this sphere! This lesson defines pharmacology, pharmacologist, pharmacist, generic vs. brand name, and prescription vs. OTC.

Terminology of Drug Use, Reactions & Interactions

21. Terminology of Drug Use, Reactions & Interactions

Do you read drug labels? Do you know why they exist? Drugs interact and react in odd ways, so it pays to read them and be safe. This lesson defines some drug reactions, interactions, and other terms.

Basic Terms for Pain-Relieving Medications

22. Basic Terms for Pain-Relieving Medications

Pain is a horrific thing and proper pain relief is important for any treatment plan where pain is evident. This lesson goes over the basic, but important terminology behind the general types of pain relievers.

Major Forms of Drug Administration

23. Major Forms of Drug Administration

There are so many different ways a drug can be administered onto or into the body! Learn the most important ways and methods in this lesson, including many of the most common enteral and parenteral routes.

Common Pharmacological Dosage Abbreviations

24. Common Pharmacological Dosage Abbreviations

We are going to look at some of the abbreviations that are used in order to communicate dosage in pharmacology. We will look at how they are used and their meanings.

Common Pharmacological Administration Abbreviations

25. Common Pharmacological Administration Abbreviations

This lesson is going to cover some of the common abbreviations used to communicate how to administer medications. We will look at how they are used and what they mean.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support