About This Chapter
Medical Terms for Radiology, Pharmacology & Oncology - Chapter Summary
This series of medical terminology lessons defines and explains common vocabulary pertaining to radiology, pharmacology and oncology. Our expert instructors break down these terms in a concise and memorable teaching style. You can solidify your comprehension of these terms by taking the accompanying self-assessment quizzes and comprehensive chapter exam. These lessons are available to study at any time, and you can use any Internet-connected device to access the chapter material. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define terms related to medical imaging, radiology, radiographics positioning and projections
- Understand important MRI, CT and PET imaging terminology
- Know fluoroscopy and ultrasonography vocabulary
- Break down basic pharmacology terms
- Comprehend terminology regarding drug uses, interactions and reactions
- Name common pain-relieving medication terms
- Identify the major forms of drug administration
- Recognize common pharmacological dosage and administration abbreviations
- Evaluate concepts pertaining to tumors and cancer treatment
1. Vocabulary for Contrast Medium in Medical Imaging
Are you able to change the contrast on your computer screen? Sure you can! We can also change the contrast of the insides of your body! This lesson explains how.
2. Important Terminology for Medical Radiology
Radiology, radiologist, rads, radiographs, radiograms, ionizing radiation, and other terms related to medical terminology are defined in this lesson. The dangers of x-rays are also discussed.
3. Radiographics Positioning & Projections Terminology
When you have an x-ray taken, two important terms are used to describe how you are positioned and what kind of view or projection of the insides of your body is taken. This lesson introduces the basics of these two concepts.
4. Vocabulary of CT, MRI & PET Imaging
In this lesson, you'll learn the definitions as well as general advantages and disadvantages of magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and positron emission tomography.
5. Basic Vocabulary of Fluoroscopy
There are movies that are truly dangerous to your health! No, it's not the latest action flick that almost caused you a heart attack. It has to do with the world of fluoroscopy and its related definitions.
6. Major Terminology of Ultrasonography
Can you hear things without seeing them or see things without hearing them? Maybe if you watch this lesson on ultrasound and its related terminology, you'll find out!
7. Basic Pharmacological Terminology
You can't understand tougher pharmacological terminology unless you know the basic words in this sphere! This lesson defines pharmacology, pharmacologist, pharmacist, generic vs. brand name, and prescription vs. OTC.
8. Terminology of Drug Use, Reactions & Interactions
Do you read drug labels? Do you know why they exist? Drugs interact and react in odd ways, so it pays to read them and be safe. This lesson defines some drug reactions, interactions, and other terms.
9. Basic Terms for Pain-Relieving Medications
Pain is a horrific thing and proper pain relief is important for any treatment plan where pain is evident. This lesson goes over the basic, but important terminology behind the general types of pain relievers.
10. Major Forms of Drug Administration
There are so many different ways a drug can be administered onto or into the body! Learn the most important ways and methods in this lesson, including many of the most common enteral and parenteral routes.
11. Common Pharmacological Dosage Abbreviations
We are going to look at some of the abbreviations that are used in order to communicate dosage in pharmacology. We will look at how they are used and their meanings.
12. Common Pharmacological Administration Abbreviations
This lesson is going to cover some of the common abbreviations used to communicate how to administer medications. We will look at how they are used and what they mean.
13. Important Concepts Related to Tumors
This lesson defines the differences between neoplasia, tumor, benign tumor, malignant tumor, and explains general rules on how to tell a malignant vs. benign tumor apart based on name only.
14. Medical Terminology of Cancer Treatment
Can you name the three most well-known general classes of cancer treatments? Do you know that they all have different subtypes? This lesson will explore some of the major cancer treatments.
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Other chapters within the Health 103: Medical Terminology course
- Overview of Medical Terminology
- Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terms for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Pathology Overview & Vocabulary
- Vocabulary for Genetics, Cells & Tissues
- Terminology for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Medical Terms for the Skeletal System
- Terminology & Functions of the Muscular System
- Terminology for the Cardiovascular System
- Medical Terms for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments
- Terminology for the Gastrointestinal System
- Terms for GI Tract Pathology, Diagnosis & Treatment
- Medical Terminology for the Urinary System
- Medical Terminology for the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions & Treatment
- Medical Terminology Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terms Related to the Ears
- Medical Terms for the Integumentary System
- Medical Terms for the Endocrine System
- Medical Terminology for the Reproductive Systems
- Medical Terms for Diagnostic Exams