About This Chapter
Medical Terms for the Skeletal System - Chapter Summary
If you need to review skeletal system medical terminology, look no further than this collection of short and engaging lessons. Work through the chapter at your own pace to review essential terms pertaining to bones, joints and cartilage, as well as related diagnostics, treatments and pathologies. The chapter is taught by subject matter experts who break down important medical terms in a concise and easy-to-understand way. Self-assessment quizzes are included to help you check your understanding of the material. After completing the chapter, you should be equipped to:
- Define medical terms related to bone tissue and bone fracture treatments
- Break down the anatomy of the appendicular and axial skeleton
- Interpret vocabulary for joint, spinal and skull disorder treatments
- Understand the functions of joints
- Recognize different types of cartilage
- Identify the major landmarks of bones
- Evaluate joint and bone pathology
- Understand skeletal system diagnostics
1. Axial Skeleton: Functions and Anatomy
Did you know you have two skeletons? Okay, maybe not two full skeletons, but you have two different types of skeletons: the axial and the appendicular skeletons. Learn about the functions and parts of the axial skeleton in this lesson.
2. Appendicular Skeleton: Functions and Anatomy
Without your skeleton, what would you be? Pretty much just a lump of muscle and tissue, right? Learn about the parts of the skeleton responsible for movement in this lesson on the appendicular skeleton.
3. Joints: Structure and Functions
Find out what part of your body is affected when you tear your meniscus, how synovial fluid is made, what the synovial membrane helps to comprise, what a joint is, and why a joint capsule is important.
4. Important Bone Tissue: Medical Terms
Bone tissue is the strongest and heaviest tissue in your body. In this lesson, learn about the types of bone tissue and the cells that make and remodel bone.
5. What is Cartilage? - Definition, Types & Function
Cartilage is a strong, flexible type of connective tissue found within a body. Learn more about its structure and function, as well as the different types of cartilage connective tissue we have in our bodies.
6. Major Landmarks of Bones
Bones come in many shapes and sizes, and there are lots of medical terms that describe the common features that a bone may have. In this lesson, we will learn about the terms that are used to describe the major landmarks that can be found on a bone.
7. Joint Pathology
Joints in the human body are susceptible to many types of pathology. In this lesson, learn about all the things that can go wrong with your joints and how these pathologies are diagnosed and treated.
8. Major Pathologies of Bone
Bones can be affected by many diseases and disorders, which are caused by infections, cancer, genetic mutations, and nutritional deficiencies. In this lesson, you will learn about all the different types of bone diseases.
9. Fracture-Related Medical Terms
Bone fractures are very common and painful medical conditions. In this lesson, we will study the different types of fractures, as well as complications that can be caused by bone fractures.
10. Diagnostics Related to the Skeletal System
From fractures to ligament tears to cancer, disorders of the skeletal system and joints are very common. In this lesson, learn about the diagnostic tests that a doctor might use to determine exactly what is wrong with a patient suffering from a skeletal system disorder.
11. Medical Vocabulary for Bone Fracture Treatments
Bones and joints experience large forces every day, so bone fractures are extremely common. In this lesson, learn about the treatments that are used to help people heal after bones fracture.
12. Joint Disorder Treatment Vocabulary
Joint disorders such as arthritis are very common and can be painful and debilitating. In this lesson, learn about the potential treatments for joint pain and disability.
13. Vocabulary for Spinal & Skull Disorder Treatments
Surgical treatments for spine and skull disorders are some of the most commonly performed medical treatments. In this lesson, learn about all of the treatments that are available for disorders of the spine and skull.
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Other chapters within the Health 103: Medical Terminology course
- Overview of Medical Terminology
- Suffixes, Prefixes & Roots in Medical Terminology
- Terms for Direction, Planes & Regions of the Body
- Pathology Overview & Vocabulary
- Vocabulary for Genetics, Cells & Tissues
- Terminology for the Lymphatic & Immune Systems
- Terminology & Functions of the Muscular System
- Terminology for the Cardiovascular System
- Medical Terms for the Respiratory System, Diseases & Treatments
- Terminology for the Gastrointestinal System
- Terms for GI Tract Pathology, Diagnosis & Treatment
- Medical Terminology for the Urinary System
- Medical Terminology for the Nervous System
- Terms for Nervous System-Related Conditions & Treatment
- Medical Terminology Related to the Eyes
- Medical Terms Related to the Ears
- Medical Terms for the Integumentary System
- Medical Terms for the Endocrine System
- Medical Terminology for the Reproductive Systems
- Medical Terms for Diagnostic Exams
- Medical Terms for Radiology, Pharmacology & Oncology