About This Chapter
Meeting Individual Children's Needs - Chapter Summary
In this series of lesson videos, instructors explain the different factors that make an individual's learning needs unique. This chapter goes into detail about factors such as intelligence, parenting styles, disabilities, self-identity, culture and gender. Such details include:
- How intelligence is measured
- Difference between fluid and crystal intelligence
- Howard Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
- The effects of parenting styles on learning styles
- How disabilities affect an individual, as well as the family and society of the individual
- The Family Systems Theory
- Sense of self and what affects it
- James Marcia's Identity Theory
- Culture and its effects on education
- Bilingual and multicultural education
- Gender differences
The instructors of these videos are available to answer any questions you may have on a topic. To assess your understanding of the topics, take lesson quizzes after each video. You can also review these topics using the jump feature in the timeline that will take you directly to the main points of a video, or read over the lesson transcripts for a complete review of a lesson.
1. Methods of Measuring Intelligence: Interpreting IQ Scores & Score Range
You've probably heard of 'IQ,' but do you really know what it means? This lesson covers the history and theory behind the famous idea of an intelligence quotient (including the inventor of IQ, Alfred Binet), and will help you learn how to understand and interpret IQ scores.
2. Two Types of Intelligence: Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
Are you better at memorizing facts or at assembling a piece of equipment using a diagram? These two tasks illustrate two different types of intelligence proposed by Raymond Cattell known as 'fluid intelligence' and 'crystallized intelligence.' This lesson covers both types and how each type might change over one's lifespan.
3. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.
4. Impact of Parenting Styles on Different Styles of Learners
When you got in trouble as a child, how did your parents react? This lesson covers four different parenting styles identified in educational psychology, including authoritarian, authoritative, indulgent, and neglecting. Typical results from each parenting style are discussed in terms of children's behaviors, as well as application of the styles in a classroom environment.
5. Impact of Disabilities on Self & Others Across the Life Span
Individuals with disabilities often have special needs and face unique challenges throughout life. This lesson will examine the impact of disabilities on individuals, families and society.
6. Murray Bowen's Family Systems Theory
Unless you were raised by wolves, your family has an influence on you. Murray Bowen's family systems theory looks at people in the context of their family relationships. In this lesson, we'll look at some key concepts for family systems theory.
7. Sense of Self and Self-Socialization: The Development of Self-Views
In this lesson, we will explore the sense of self, self-socialization, and the two social scientists who contributed to this field. We will examine Charles Cooley's theory of the Looking-Glass Self and George Herbert Mead's stages of play, game, and generalized other.
8. Changes in Sense of Self From Childhood to Adolescence
In this lesson, we will be exploring James Marcia's theory of identity in relation to the sense of self changing from childhood to adolescence. You'll study the four ways in which children navigate their identities into adolescence: foreclosure, moratorium, achievement, and diffusion.
9. James Marcia's Identity Theory: Understanding Adolescents' Search For Identity
Do you really know what you want out of life or what your political and religious beliefs are? The psychologist James Marcia suggested that there are four identity statuses, or stages, in developing who we are as individuals. These stages are achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, and diffusion. This lesson covers Marcia's theory and each identity status.
10. Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT): Theory, Research & Strategies
A person's culture can impact their approach to education and the way they learn. In this lesson, we'll examine culturally responsive teaching, a teaching method that takes into account students' cultures to help them succeed.
11. The Effect of Culture, Socialization & Culture Shock on Education
In this lesson we will explore the effect of culture on the socialization of children. We will also seek to understand the impact that culture has on their educational experiences.
12. Bilingual Education, Immersion & Multicultural Education
Educators use many approaches for second-language instruction. The approaches vary based on the individual needs of the learner, focusing on his or her current language abilities, background, and cultural experiences. This lesson will differentiate between the different types of second-language instruction, including immersion, bilingual education, and multicultural education.
13. Gender Differences in the Classroom: Physical, Cognitive & Behavioral
Growing up, did you ever observe gender differences among girls and boys in school? Do you still observe gender differences as an adult? There are established gender differences noted in a variety of contexts. This lesson will explore specific differences in physical and motor skills, cognitive abilities and more.
14. Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate
Are boys better in math and science courses than girls? Are girls better at activities like dance? Gender stereotypes are abundant in society. Are these stereotypes based on real differences or perpetuated opinions? This lesson focuses on gender differences and the influence of nature versus nurture.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Praxis Special Education (5354): Practice & Study Guide course
- Learning with Disabilities
- Child Development Psychology
- Cognitive Influences on Learning
- Behavioral Perspective of Learning
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Learning Theory
- Creating a Positive Learning Environment
- Student Learning and Motivation
- Instructional Strategies
- Learning Assessments
- Foundations & Professional Responsibilities
- Praxis Special Education Flashcards