About This Chapter
MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Slavery & The Civil War - Chapter Summary
When taking the Missouri Educator Gateway Assessments (MEGA) Multi-Content exam, you'll encounter a few questions on slavery and the Civil War. You can use the lessons within in this chapter to help prepare for this topic prior to taking the exam. Some of the subtopics discussed in the lessons include:
- Early slavery in America
- Cotton and the slave trade
- Uncle Tom's Cabin
- The beginning of the Civil War
- Fort Sumter and the First Battle of Bull Run
- Major Civil War battle
- The contributions of African Americans during the Civil War
- The emancipation of the slaves
- The Civil War's end and reconstruction plans
- Southern life following the Civil War
- The Reconstruction Era and amendments
- The effects of the Reconstruction on African Americans
- Segregation and the Jim Crow Laws
Each of these topics, and more, will be covered in depth in the chapter's video lessons. You can also use the practice quizzes to prepare for the kinds of questions you might encounter on the exam.
1. Slavery in Early America: Characteristics & Opposition
The institution of slavery in early America was a source of both economic profits and divisive tensions. It began as a peculiar institution of colonial society and blossomed into a sectional issue that threatened to destroy the young United States.
2. Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response
The United Sates was conceived on the idea of freedom and the rights of all people, but early on, an institution took hold that was the exact opposite of that idea. In this lesson, find out the roots of slavery in the States, how it took hold, how slaves lived, and how they resisted the bonds of slavery.
3. Uncle Tom's Cabin and Tension Over Slavery in the 1850s
Uncle Tom's Cabin captured the plight of slaves in the 1850s like no other book. The novel, coupled with the Missouri Compromise and the Fugitive Slave Act, served to further strain the country, which was at a breaking point over the issue of slavery. This lesson details these events.
4. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared
At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.
5. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed
Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.
6. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh
In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.
7. African Americans in the Civil War: History & Facts
In this lesson, we will explore the experiences of African Americans during the Civil War. Some of them were slaves; others were free. Some were 'contraband' runaways; others were soldiers. Together, they contributed greatly to Civil War history.
8. Emancipation of Slaves: Definition, Law & Proclamation Summary
The Emancipation Proclamation set the path toward the eradication of slavery in the United States. Complete this lesson to learn more about this monumental decision and its impact on history.
9. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond
President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.
10. President Lincoln's Legacy: Plans for a Reconstructed Union
Before the guns of the American Civil War fell silent, President Abraham Lincoln was making plans for the reconstruction of the South. In this lesson, learn what his plans involved and the controversy surrounding them.
11. Life in the South After the Civil War
Following the Civil War, the era of Reconstruction was a difficult time for Southerners. Their land was destroyed, their political institutions were overrun by outsiders, the economy was in transition and their society was in upheaval. It was in this climate that the Ku Klux Klan was born and the Redeemers sought to reestablish the Old South.
12. The Reconstruction Amendments: The 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments
Between 1865 and 1870, during the historical era known as Reconstruction, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution were ratified to establish political equality for all Americans. Together, they are known as the Reconstruction Amendments.
13. Reconstruction's Effects on African Americans: Politics, Education and Economy
The era in U.S. history known as Reconstruction presented many new opportunities to African Americans, especially in the South. For the first time, freedmen were free to pursue economic independence, education, religion and politics. These pursuits are embodied in the accomplishments of four men: Alonzo Herndon, Booker T. Washington, Jonathan Gibbs and Hiram Revels.
14. De Facto Segregation: Definition & Examples
When the Civil War ended in 1865, so did slavery; but segregation, the practice of separating the races in America through a variety of means, was born. Although the Civil Rights Act of 1964 made the practice illegal, de facto segregation continued to separate African American and white Americans in everyday life.
15. The Impact of Jim Crow Laws on Education
Jim Crow laws held racial minorities back for almost a century. Nowhere was that more obvious than in segregated schools. In this lesson, we'll look at the inequalities of segregated schools and the positive contribution of Rosenwald schools.
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Other chapters within the MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Practice & Study Guide course
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: US & Missouri History to 1789
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: American Revolution to 1789
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: American Revolution & War
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Missouri & US Government to 1789
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: US & Missouri History 1789-1918
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: US Foreign Relations 1870-1918
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Missouri & US History 1918-1945
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Missouri & US History 1945-Present
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Developments in US History 1945-1970
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Neolithic Revolution & Birth of Human Civilization
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Beginnings of Human Society
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Greek & Roman Civilizations
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Principal Religious Beliefs to 1350 CE
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Islamic & Byzantine Civilizations
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Medieval Civilization
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Ancient Civilizations from 4000 BCE-1350 CE
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: World History 1350-1871
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: World History 1871-Present
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: European Imperialism
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: World War I
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: World War II
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Colonization in Asia, Africa & Middle East
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: The Cold War
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Conducting Historical Research
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Economics & Microeconomics
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Macroeconomics & International Trade
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Consumer Economics & Personal Finance
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Geography & Physical Systems
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Human Systems
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: The Environment & Human Societies
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: The Foundations of Government
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: US Government, Political Processes & Citizenship
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Government in the US & Missouri
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Psychology
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Behavior & Biological Systems
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Psychology & Emotions
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Sociology
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content: Cultural Anthropology
- MEGA Social Science Multi-Content Flashcards