About This Chapter
Memory and Cognition in Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In this series of video lessons, an experienced psychology instructor will provide you with a broad overview of cognition and memory, both important concepts in the study of psychology. Discover how language and memories are acquired and processed by the brain. Learn more about factors that influence these processes, too. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define cognition
- Define language, and describe language acquisition
- Discuss memory and information processing
- Outline strategies for improving short and long term memory
|What is Cognition?||Define cognition; describe relevant concepts, such as reasoning and syllogisms.|
|What Is Language?||Define language and its purpose.|
|Language Acquisition||Describe the process by which people learn language.|
|Information Processing||Summarize how people acquire new information.|
|Categorizing Memory||Discuss memories and how they're stored and accessed.|
|Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing||Describe these two types of processing.|
|Perceptual Development||Explain how a person's ability to perceive evolves.|
|Improving Short Term Memory||List tools and practices for better short term memory skills.|
|Improving Long Term Memory||List tools and practices for better long term memory skills.|
|Memory Distortion||Explain the phenomena of distorted memory and what influences it.|
|Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate||Distinguish among these types of heuristics.|
|Using Concepts to Classify the World||Summarize this method of organization, and discuss its usefulness.|
|How Memory Works: Recognition, Retrieval and Interference||Explain the processes by which people store and access memories, and influencing factors.|
|Iconic Memory & Sperling's Partial Report Experiment||Define iconic memory and how it relates to this particular experience.|
1. What is Cognition?
People think in different ways, and thoughts are an important part of who you are. In this lesson, we'll look at cognition, including two common types of cognition: reasoning and heuristics.
2. What Is Language?
Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.
3. Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages
Have you ever wondered how humans are able to learn, process, comprehend and speak a language? In this lesson on language acquisition, we'll take a look at some distinctions between languages and learn how babies come to understand and speak a language.
4. Information Processing: Encoding, Storage & Retrieval
How does your brain remember information and recall it later? In this lesson, you'll look at the steps your brain takes as it processes data from short-term memory and stores it as long-term memory.
5. Categories of Memory: Sensory & Long-Term
Did you know that there are several types of memories? How does your brain keep track of them all? In this lesson, as you observe your surroundings at an art museum, you'll come to understand how your brain categorizes memory so you can remember your experiences.
6. Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing
Are you a big-picture person or do you get caught up in the details? Explore two ways that you can use your cognitive resources to focus your attention. This lesson provides both the details and the big picture for top-down and bottom-up processing.
7. Perceptual Development in Infants
Why are some senses more developed than others for a newborn? You'll learn which senses are initially important for infants to bond with and recognize their mothers and which one is still in development after birth.
8. George Miller's Psychological Study to Improve Short-Term Memory
Wouldn't it be nice to improve your short-term memory? According to one psychological study, there are, in fact, ways you can organize sets of new information to make them easier to remember. Based on the study, this lesson examines a method that can increase your short-term memory.
9. Using Psychology to Improve Long-Term Memory
What are some tips for improving your memory? This memorable lesson on memory covers self-referencing, mnemonic devices, spaced repetition and rehearsal. You won't want to cram for exams once you learn these better ways to improve your long-term memory!
10. Memory Distortion: Source Amnesia, Misinformation Effect & Choice-Supportive Bias
With all the information we learn and process every day, it can be difficult to remember things accurately. Because of this, our memory can become distorted. In this lesson, we'll learn how our brain can trick us into falsely remembering details of our past experiences.
11. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
12. Using Concepts to Classify the World
What has wings, feathers, and lives in a nest? That's not a riddle; it's a concept. Watch this lesson to find out more about what concepts are, what a prototype is, and how typicality influences the way you think about the world.
13. Understanding Memory: Recognition, Recall & Interference
Memory involves fascinating and complicated processes. Learn the basics of two of the major ways we access information from the past, and what challenges we face in retaining everything we learn.
14. Iconic Memory & Sperling's Partial Report Experiment
In this lesson, you'll learn about an experiment by psychologist George Sperling involving our very short-term memory, and how this changed the way researchers thought about our visual perception.
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Other chapters within the Psychology: High School course
- History of Modern Psychology
- Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology
- Data Collection in Psychological Research
- Sampling in Psychological Research
- Measurement in Psychological Research
- Statistics in Psychological Research
- Evaluating Research Findings in Psychology
- Biological Bases of Behavior in Psychology
- Sensation & Perception in Psychology
- Motivation & Needs in Psychology
- Emotion in Psychology
- Stress in Psychology
- Basics of Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Biological Development in Psychology
- Sensory & Perceptual Development in Psychology
- Cognitive Development in Psychology
- Physical Development & Psychology
- Social Development in Psychology
- Personality Development & Theories
- Learning & Conditioning in Psychology
- Intelligence Testing in Psychology
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Basics of Social Psychology
- Abnormal Psychology Basics
- Theories of Abnormal Psychology
- Abnormal Disorders in Psychology
- Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Psychology