About This Chapter
Memory & Forgetting - Chapter Summary
As you go through these lessons on memory and forgetting, you will rediscover the importance of semantic memory as a type of declarative memory. There's also a discussion about optical illusions. By the end of the chapter, you should be ready to:
- Define encoding memory
- Describe the brain's function in memory storage
- List types of memory retrieval
- Recall how sensory memory relates to other types of memory
- Explain how short-term and long-term memory works
- Provide examples of episodic memory
- Discuss forgetting as it relates to short-term and long-term memories
- Detail Hermann Ebbinghaus' research on memory and illusion
These engaging lessons can help you quickly grasp the topics covered. You can review all the lessons in order, or just the subjects that you may have forgotten. A concise quiz is available for each lesson to test your understanding of memory and forgetting, and a chapter exam can test your overall knowledge.
1. Encoding Memory: Definition & Types
In this lesson, you will learn about encoding memory, which is the initial process in learning new information. You will also gain knowledge about the different areas of encoding memory, including visual, acoustic and semantic.
2. The Brain's Function in Memory Storage
The human brain has enormous capacity to remember experiences, thoughts, and other information. In this lesson, we'll discuss the interactions between your cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and cerebellum during memory storage and retrieval.
3. Memory Retrieval: Types & Examples
Have you ever struggled to remember something? Everyone has. In this lesson, we are going to talk about memory retrieval and look at some of the ways that our minds try to recover old information.
4. Sensory Memory: Definition, Examples & Types
In this lesson, you will learn about sensory memory, how it relates to other types of memory, and two specific types of sensory memory called echoic and iconic memory.
5. Short-Term Memory: How STM Works
All memories must first pass through short-term memory (STM) before becoming permanent. But how does STM really work? This lesson covers several aspects of STM, including why it seems to be an auditory-based system, how much information can be stored and the serial position curve.
6. Long-Term Memory: Definition, Types & Examples
Long-term memory consists of the memories that happened more than a few minutes ago. Learn more about long-term memory from real-life examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
7. Episodic Memory: Definition & Examples
Episodic memory is the memory of personal experiences and specific events, including location, time, and emotions. Learn about episodic memory through examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
8. Semantic Memory: Examples & Definition
Semantic memory is one of the two types of declarative memory. Learn about the importance of semantic memory, how it differs from episodic memory, and more.
9. Forgetting in Long & Short-Term Memory
Forgetting is an annoying reality in our lives, but why does it happen? In this lesson, we'll look at forgetting as it applies to both long and short-term memories and see how they differ.
10. Hermann Ebbinghaus on Memory & Illusion: Experiment & Overview
Do you wish your memory was better? If you read on about the research of Hermann Ebbinghaus, you will discover the circumstances under which we retain information the best. As an added bonus, find out a bit about optical illusions.
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Other chapters within the UGC NET Psychology Paper II: Exam Prep course
- Perceptual Processes of the Brain
- The Learning Process
- Thinking & Problem Solving
- Understanding Motivation & Emotion
- Determinants & Theories of Intelligence
- Determinants & Theories of Personality
- Research Methodology for Psychology
- Measurement & Testing in Psychology
- Biological Basis of Behavior
- UGC NET Psychology Paper II Flashcards