Ch 6: Merchandising Operations & Inventory in Accounting

About This Chapter

This corporate training chapter on merchandising operations and inventory in accounting provides short videos and assessment quizzes that make these concepts easy for your employees to understand. All of our materials can be accessed 24/7 from any mobile device or computer.

Merchandising Operations & Inventory in Accounting - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, your employees can review short video lessons on merchandising operations and inventory accounting. The videos cover merchandising companies, inventory cost and accounting for inventory purchases, among other related topics. Each lesson is accompanied by an assessment quiz that can ensure employees fully understand the concepts covered.

How It Helps

  • Provides practical applications: Employees will see practical examples of recording purchases that they can apply to their own work.
  • Builds foundational knowledge: After finishing this chapter, your employees will understand how to utilize both the perpetual and periodic inventory systems to record sales.
  • Simplifies training: Whether you have employees in multiple locations or different time zones, this flexible corporate training chapter can meet your needs.

Skills Covered

Utilize this chapter to ensure your employees understand how to do the following:

  • Define a merchandising company and its activities
  • List items that make up merchandise inventory
  • Outline the types of inventory cost
  • Explain how inventory purchases are accounted for
  • Differentiate between periodic and perpetual inventory systems
  • Outline the process of accounting for inventory sales
  • Reconcile bank accounts after making purchases or sales
  • Define inventory counting and explain its processes and methods
  • Identify different inventory valuation methods
  • Explain the importance of evaluating investment management
  • Discuss the effects of financial statements on costing methods
  • Assess the effects of inventory errors
  • Detail the method associated with net realizable value of inventory
  • Point out the lower of cost or market of inventory

17 Lessons in Chapter 6: Merchandising Operations & Inventory in Accounting
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Merchandising Company: Definition, Activities & Income Components

1. Merchandising Company: Definition, Activities & Income Components

Do you know what a merchandising company is? If you said it's a store, you are right. It is a store, but it is also so much more. In this lesson, we are going to discuss some of the major components of a merchandising company.

Items that Make Up Merchandise Inventory

2. Items that Make Up Merchandise Inventory

In order to operate, merchandising companies must carry inventory. What exactly makes up merchandise inventory? In this lesson, you will not only learn the answer to that question, but also several other important factors that relate to merchandise inventory.

Inventory Cost: Definition, Methods & Types

3. Inventory Cost: Definition, Methods & Types

Have you ever thought about how much it costs a business to keep inventory in stock? It's not just the price the business pays for the items that it keeps in stock. It is so much more. In this lesson, we will discuss exactly what constitutes actual inventory cost.

Accounting for Inventory Purchases

4. Accounting for Inventory Purchases

A merchandising company must purchase inventory, and it has to be accounted for in the accounting records. In this lesson, you will learn how to calculate inventory purchase amounts as well as how to record them in the accounting journals.

Perpetual and Periodic Inventory Systems

5. Perpetual and Periodic Inventory Systems

Inventory management is an important part of business success. In this lesson, we will discuss the two types of inventory systems used in accounting today.

Recording Purchases Using the Perpetual System

6. Recording Purchases Using the Perpetual System

Every transaction that occurs in a business, whether it is a purchase or a sale, must be accounted for. In this lesson, you will learn how to record purchases using the perpetual inventory system.

Accounting for Inventory Sales

7. Accounting for Inventory Sales

In order to operate, a business must make sales. In this lesson, we are going to discuss sales of inventory. You will learn the types of sales made, the items that affect sales profit, and the way to record sales in the accounting records.

Recording Sales Using the Perpetual System

8. Recording Sales Using the Perpetual System

Each transaction that occurs in a business has an impact on at least two or more accounts. Because of that, recording transactions is essential. In this lesson, you will learn about recording sales transactions using the perpetual inventory system.

Practical Application in Accounting: Recording Purchases Using the Perpetual System

9. Practical Application in Accounting: Recording Purchases Using the Perpetual System

Virtually all of a company's stakeholders have a material interest in accurate accounting and financial reporting. This scenario will give you the opportunity to practice recording sales and purchases using a perpetual system of record-keeping.

Reconciling the Bank Account After Purchases or Sales

10. Reconciling the Bank Account After Purchases or Sales

Even if your accounting skills are top notch, you still should make sure that the books have been reconciled with the bank account in question. This lesson explains why.

Inventory Counting: Process & Methods

11. Inventory Counting: Process & Methods

It is important for any business to know how much and what types of items that they have available to sell. In this lesson, you will learn what inventory is, how to count it, and why it is important.

Inventory Valuation Methods: Specific Identification, FIFO, LIFO & Weighted Average

12. Inventory Valuation Methods: Specific Identification, FIFO, LIFO & Weighted Average

This lesson introduces you to the cost flow assumption methods of specific identification: FIFO, LIFO, and weighted average. You will also learn how to compute inventory in a perpetual system using the methods of FIFO, LIFO, and weighted average.

The Importance of Evaluating Investment Management

13. The Importance of Evaluating Investment Management

Whether you're an individual or the financial manager of a company, the ability to evaluate your investment managers is a valuable skill in order to make sure that you are investing as much as possible.

The Effects of Financial Statements on Costing Methods

14. The Effects of Financial Statements on Costing Methods

The way you calculate the cost of your inventory can change the profit you show on your financial statement. Learn how one method can show higher profits, while the other method can give you tax benefits.

The Effects of Inventory Errors

15. The Effects of Inventory Errors

For companies, a miscount of inventory can be a serious issue. In this lesson we'll look at the effects of inventory errors on companies, both with respect to profits and how the error should be recorded.

Net Realizable Value of Inventory: Definition & Method

16. Net Realizable Value of Inventory: Definition & Method

Calculating inventory value is essential for correct reporting in accounting records. In this lesson, we are going to discuss what net realizable value is and why it plays an important role in inventory valuation.

The Lower of Cost or Market of Inventory: Definition & Method

17. The Lower of Cost or Market of Inventory: Definition & Method

No matter what kind of inventory a company has, that inventory has value. In this lesson, we'll talk about valuing inventory using the lower of cost or market rule.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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