About This Chapter
Michigan Merit Exam: Organic Molecules - Chapter Summary
Learn about the types and functioning of organic molecules and discover how to differentiate them from inorganic molecules. This information will be useful when it's time to take the Michigan Merit Exam. The lessons in this chapter will introduce you to the following topics:
- Nucleic acids
- Definition of hydrolysis
- Definition of dehydration
- Biological molecules
- Intramolecular bonding
- Macromolecules: organic and inorganic
The video lessons are intended to be viewed and reviewed as many times as necessary. In addition, you can take advantage of the provided video transcripts and the interactive video timelines to help you review, topic by topic. The lesson quizzes and practice exams are provided to help you ensure lesson retention and prepare you for the types of questions you are likely to face on the real test.
Michigan Merit Exam: Organic Molecules Chapter Objectives
The Michigan Department of Education uses the Michigan Merit Exam (MME) as a means of gauging the academic development of 11th-grade students in the state every spring. The MME is an umbrella term for three different tests given to students over an eight-week period. This chapter is relevant to the science portion of one of these tests, the computer-based M-Step test. Usually lasting about 50 minutes, the M-Step has four different testing sessions: English Language Arts, Math, Science, and Social Studies.
1. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
2. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
3. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
4. Nucleic Acids: Function & Structure
In this lesson, we will explore what nucleic acids are, including the oozing bodily fluid they were first found in, what makes them unique from other types of biological molecules, and why DNA is called the 'blueprint of life.'
5. Hydrolysis and Dehydration: Definitions & Examples
Water is an important component of cellular processes. Two of these processes, dehydration and hydrolysis, help your body build large molecules from small ones and break down large ones into usable components.
6. Major Elements in Biological Molecules: Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Carbohydrates & Lipids
Bacterial cells have complex macromolecules built from simple molecules. In this lesson, we will look at the major elements in the building blocks of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids.
7. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules
Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.
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Other chapters within the Michigan Merit Exam - Science: Test Prep & Practice course
- Michigan Merit Exam: Scientific Research Methods
- Michigan Merit Exam: Earth Systems Overview
- Michigan Merit Exam: Types of Energy
- Michigan Merit Exam: Biogeochemical Cycles
- Michigan Merit Exam: The Rock Cycle
- Michigan Merit Exam: Earth's Interior Structure
- Michigan Merit Exam: Plate Tectonics
- Michigan Merit Exam: Earthquakes & Volcanoes
- Michigan Merit Exam: Hydrogeology
- Michigan Merit Exam: Earth's Climate
- Michigan Merit Exam: Climate Change
- Michigan Merit Exam: Severe Weather
- Michigan Merit Exam: Formation of the Universe
- Michigan Merit Exam: The Sun
- Michigan Merit Exam: History of the Earth
- Michigan Merit Exam: Cell Basics
- Michigan Merit Exam: Cell Specialization
- Michigan Merit Exam: Maintaining Homeostasis
- Michigan Merit Exam: Cellular Respiration & Photosynthesis
- Michigan Merit Exam: Ecosystems & Populations
- Michigan Merit Exam: Basic Genetics
- Michigan Merit Exam: Basics of DNA
- Michigan Merit Exam: Mitosis & Meiosis
- Michigan Merit Exam: Evolution & Natural Selection
- Michigan Merit Exam: Position, Velocity & Time
- Michigan Merit Exam: Forces in Physics
- Michigan Merit Exam: Electric Charges
- Michigan Merit Exam: Energy in Physics
- Michigan Merit Exam: Sound & Light Waves
- Michigan Merit Exam: Electric Circuits
- Michigan Merit Exam: Nuclear Reactions
- Michigan Merit Exam: Energy Transfer & Conservation
- Michigan Merit Exam: Atomic Structure
- Michigan Merit Exam: Chemical Changes
- Michigan Merit Exam: Chemical Bonds
- Michigan Merit Exam: Acids & Bases
- Michigan Merit Exam: Carbon Chemistry
- Michigan Merit Exam - Science Flashcards