About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help understanding middle school life science material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:
- Have fallen behind in understanding the germ theory of disease and microbiology.
- Need an efficient way to learn about microbiology and the different types of microbes.
- Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
- Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
- Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
- Missed class time and need to catch up.
- Can't access extra science learning resources at school.
How it works:
- Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
- Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Microbiology and Types of Microbes chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Microbiology and Types of Microbes chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How do antibiotics and vaccines work?
- What differences and similarities exist between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?
- What are some of the characteristics of archaea, bacteria, cyanobacteria and protozoa?
- How do algae and fungi differ from other kinds of microbes?
1. The Germ Theory of Disease: Definition & Louis Pasteur
In this lesson, we will look at one of the most influential experiments in the field of microbiology. We will learn how Louis Pasteur disproved the theory of spontaneous generation which helped lead to the development of the germ theory of disease.
2. Antibiotics and Vaccines
Do you know why children must get regularly vaccinated? Have you ever wondered how an antibiotic works and why they are so widely prescribed? If so, this lesson will help you to understand how changes in medicine have almost eliminated several deadly diseases and added decades to the average person's lifespan.
3. Archaea: Definition, Characteristics & Examples
There is an entire domain of life that is made up of single-celled organisms without nuclei. We're not referring to the Bacteria domain, however. In this lesson, we will examine the main characteristics of the least commonly known domain, the Archaea.
4. What is Bacteria? - Definition, Characteristics & Examples
This lesson will introduce the Bacteria, a large and diverse group of microorganisms. We will examine several key characteristics, as well as a few commonly known examples of bacterial species.
5. Cyanobacteria: Definition, Characteristics & Species
Cyanobacteria are a phylum of Bacteria that produce oxygen during photosynthesis. This lesson will examine cyanobacteria and the role they played in establishing our oxygen-rich atmosphere.
6. What are Protozoa? - Definition, Characteristics & Examples
Taxonomy is the realm of science that attempts to group similar organisms together, which is not always an easy task. In this lesson, we will examine the protozoa, a diverse group of organisms that didn't really fit anywhere else.
7. What is Algae? - Definition, Characteristics & Examples
Plants are not the only organisms capable of carrying out photosynthesis. In this lesson we will look at algae and how an algal species can be differentiated from other organisms and microbes.
8. What are Fungi? - Types and Characteristics
In this lesson, we will examine the group of organisms known as the fungi. This group includes the familiar organisms mushrooms, yeasts and molds. We will look at several major characteristics of fungi, as well as a few disease-causing fungi.
9. What are Amoeboid Cells?
This lesson is going to explain what amoeboid cells are and detail some of the characteristics that make them unique. We will also cover a couple of examples of amoeboid cells.
10. What Are the Organs of the Immune System?
In this lesson, we'll cover both the primary and secondary organs of the immune system. Specifically, we'll look at the function of each and how they work together throughout our life to protect our body against invaders.
11. The Lymphatic System & Immune Response
How does your body stay healthy when there are so many germs attacking it? Learn more about the lymphatic system that helps circulate immune cells that protect you from disease.
12. What is Physical Biochemistry?
In this lesson, you will learn about physical biochemistry. An overview of physical biochemistry will be given as well as a description of the job of a physical biochemist.
13. What is Limnology? - Definition, Scope & History
The study of inland waters is an important one and includes many different scientific disciplines. In this lesson, you'll learn about limnology, its broad reach into various sciences, and how it got to where it is today.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Middle School Life Science: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Life Science: Help and Review
- Characteristics & Chemicals of Life: Help and Review
- The Parts of Cells: Help and Review
- DNA Replication & Mutation: Help and Review
- Cell Division & the Cell Cycle: Help and Review
- How Living Organisms Get Energy: Help and Review
- Classification of Organisms: Help and Review
- The Origin & History of Life On Earth: Help and Review
- Genetics & Hereditary Traits: Help and Review
- Genetic Engineering Basics: Help and Review
- Natural Selection & Evolution in Life Science: Help and Review
- Introduction to Ecosystems: Help and Review
- Types of Ecosystems: Help and Review
- Changing Ecosystems: Help and Review
- Invertebrates: Help and Review
- Animal Behavior & Communication: Help and Review
- Mammal Reproduction & Development: Help and Review
- The Cardiovascular System: Help and Review
- The Blood Vessels: Help and Review
- The Digestive System: Help and Review
- The Urinary & Endocrine Systems: Help and Review
- The Muscular System: Help and Review
- The Skeletal System & Connective Tissue: Help and Review
- Sight, Hearing & Other Senses: Help and Review
- Health Issues & Concerns: Help and Review
- Plant Biology & Structure: Help and Review
- How Plants Grow & Reproduce: Help and Review
- Environmental Concerns: Help and Review
- Natural Resources: Help and Review
- Growth & Productivity in Economics
- American Labor & Consumer Issues