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Ch 3: Mineral Types, Properties and Uses

About This Chapter

Watch science video lessons and learn about mineral luster, fracture, density and more. Take self-assessment quizzes to test your knowledge of mineral types and properties.

Mineral Types, Properties and Uses - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

This chapter can introduce you to criteria for identifying minerals, as well as the properties used to differentiate one type from another. You can also explore mining techniques alongside the roles developed and developing nations play in the consumption of these resources. This chapter is designed to teach you:

  • Physical properties of minerals
  • Minerals' chemical characteristics
  • Environmental impacts of extracting minerals
  • Economics of mineral consumption

Video Objective
What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples Lists the four criteria used to identify minerals, as well as their observable physical properties.
Mineral Consumption: How Developed and Developing Nations Consume Minerals Differently Explains the distribution of minerals and the relationship between a nation's consumption of minerals and its wealth.
Extraction and Processing of Minerals & the Environmental Impacts of Mineral Use Discusses the impacts of surface, strip, subsurface, longwall and solution mining techniques, as well as smelting.
Mining and Refining: The Environmental Impacts of Mineral Use Shows how mining and refining processes disrupt the landscape, cause erosion and release toxic chemicals into the air and water.
Optical Properties of Minerals: Luster, Light Transmission, Color & Streak Defines and describes the optical properties of minerals, including luster, opacity, transparency, translucency and streak.
Crystal Shape of Minerals: Forms and Types Explains how crystal shapes or habits form and describes the different types, including bladed, fibrous, tabular, prismatic, platy, blocky and botryoidal.
Mineral Strength: Tenacity, Hardness, Cleavage & Fracture Describes the various ways to measure mineral strength, including tenacity, hardness and shape when broken.
Mineral Density & Specific Gravity: Definition and Properties Defines and differentiates between mineral density and specific gravity before comparing these properties among different minerals.
Silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples Identifies the silicon-oxygen tetrahedron as the fundamental building block of silicates and describes the major silicates, including feldspars and quartz.
Non-silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples Describes and provides examples of the major non-silicate minerals, including carbonates, sulfates and halides.

9 Lessons in Chapter 3: Mineral Types, Properties and Uses
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples

1. What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn about minerals and their properties. You will also understand the importance and everyday use of different types of minerals found on Earth.

Mineral Consumption: How Developed and Developing Nations Consume Minerals Differently

2. Mineral Consumption: How Developed and Developing Nations Consume Minerals Differently

In this lesson, you will learn about how minerals are used around the world. You will also gain an understanding of where minerals are found on earth and how developed and developing nations consume them differently.

Extraction and Processing of Minerals & the Environmental Impacts of Mineral Use

3. Extraction and Processing of Minerals & the Environmental Impacts of Mineral Use

In this lesson, you will learn about the different methods used to extract minerals from the ground and gain an understanding about how different types of mining affect the environment.

Optical Properties of Minerals: Luster, Light Transmission, Color & Streak

4. Optical Properties of Minerals: Luster, Light Transmission, Color & Streak

Minerals are conveniently identified based on their physical properties. These properties include luster, ability to transmit light, color and streak. This lesson will describe each of these properties and examples of each.

Crystal Shape of Minerals: Forms and Types

5. Crystal Shape of Minerals: Forms and Types

Did you know that the term crystal can have different meanings in addition to something pretty to look at? A crystal can refer to a regular pattern of molecules within a mineral or the shapes at a macroscopic level. This is also known as the crystal habit.

Mineral Strength: Tenacity, Hardness, Cleavage & Fracture

6. Mineral Strength: Tenacity, Hardness, Cleavage & Fracture

What does it mean to say that one mineral is stronger than another? This lesson will explore different minerals to identify and describe mineral strength in terms of tenacity, hardness, cleavage and fracture.

Mineral Density & Specific Gravity: Definition and Properties

7. Mineral Density & Specific Gravity: Definition and Properties

Mineral density and specific gravity are similar properties used by mineralologists to identify minerals. This lesson describes a common practice used to determine density and specific gravity.

Silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples

8. Silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples

Silicate minerals make up the bulk of the earth's crust. All silicates are made of the same building block, the silicon-oxygen tetrahedron. This lesson describes the major silicate minerals including feldspars and quartz.

Non-silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples

9. Non-silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples

While most minerals are silicates, many non-silicate minerals are found in the earth's crust and are important as well. This lesson will use examples and describe the three major groups of non-silicate minerals, including carbonates, halides and sulfates.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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