About This Chapter
Who's it for?
This unit of our AP Environmental Science Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the forms and classifications of minerals, rocks and soil. There is no faster or easier way to learn about environmental science. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about mineral consumption and soil erosion.
- Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
- Homeschool parents who need an environmental science curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
- Gifted students and students with learning differences.
How it works:
- Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
- Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
- Short quizzes and a Minerals, Rocks and Soil unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.
Minerals, Rocks and Soil Unit Objectives:
- Explore the optical properties of minerals.
- Give examples of silicate minerals.
- Study the major groupings of rocks.
- Define soil and examine its structure.
- Learn about mineral strength and density.
- Examine the differences between rocks and minerals.
- Discover how soil is formed.
- Examine the crystal shape of minerals.
- Read about sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks.
- List chemical classifications of non-silicate minerals.
1. What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about minerals and their properties. You will also understand the importance and everyday use of different types of minerals found on Earth.
2. Mineral Consumption: How Developed and Developing Nations Consume Minerals Differently
In this lesson, you will learn about how minerals are used around the world. You will also gain an understanding of where minerals are found on earth and how developed and developing nations consume them differently.
3. Extraction and Processing of Minerals & the Environmental Impacts of Mineral Use
In this lesson, you will learn about the different methods used to extract minerals from the ground and gain an understanding about how different types of mining affect the environment.
4. Optical Properties of Minerals: Luster, Light Transmission, Color & Streak
Minerals are conveniently identified based on their physical properties. These properties include luster, ability to transmit light, color and streak. This lesson will describe each of these properties and examples of each.
5. Crystal Shape of Minerals: Forms and Types
Did you know that the term crystal can have different meanings in addition to something pretty to look at? A crystal can refer to a regular pattern of molecules within a mineral or the shapes at a macroscopic level. This is also known as the crystal habit.
6. Mineral Strength: Tenacity, Hardness, Cleavage & Fracture
What does it mean to say that one mineral is stronger than another? This lesson will explore different minerals to identify and describe mineral strength in terms of tenacity, hardness, cleavage and fracture.
7. Mineral Density & Specific Gravity: Definition and Properties
Mineral density and specific gravity are similar properties used by mineralologists to identify minerals. This lesson describes a common practice used to determine density and specific gravity.
8. Silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples
Silicate minerals make up the bulk of the earth's crust. All silicates are made of the same building block, the silicon-oxygen tetrahedron. This lesson describes the major silicate minerals including feldspars and quartz.
9. Non-silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples
While most minerals are silicates, many non-silicate minerals are found in the earth's crust and are important as well. This lesson will use examples and describe the three major groups of non-silicate minerals, including carbonates, halides and sulfates.
10. Rocks and Minerals: Definitions and Differences
Can you tell the difference between a rock and a mineral? What makes a mineral so much different from a rock? Explore these questions in depth, and learn how we classify rocks and minerals.
11. Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks
In this lesson, we will discuss the three main types of rocks and how they are formed. The lesson also gives an introduction into how matter locked in rocks can be cycled through the earth.
12. Types of Rocks: The Three Major Rock Groups
Did you know that lava is molten rock that reaches the earth's surface? Furthermore, did you know that rocks exist in three general forms: igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic? This lesson describes these rock types and examples of each.
13. The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors
In this video lesson you will learn how soil is formed and what it is made of. You will also learn about how soil is classified and distributed in layers underground.
14. What is Soil? - Definition, Structure & Types
Soil is the material found on the surface of the earth that is composed of organic and inorganic material. Soil varies due to its structure and composition. Learn about the different types of soil and soil structures in this video lesson.
15. What is Soil Erosion? - Definition and Causes
With soil erosion, the top layer of soil is worn away due to factors such as water, wind and tillage of farmland. Learn about soil erosion and how natural elements and human activities break up and transport soil.
16. Soil Conservation: Fighting Soil Erosion With Sustainable Soil Use
In this lesson, you will learn about the causes of soil erosion and the impacts it has on plants and other resources. You will also learn about how erosion is prevented through land use and land monitoring.
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Other chapters within the AP Environmental Science: Homeschool Curriculum course
- Environmental Science Introduction: Homeschool Curriculum
- Geologic Time Scale: Homeschool Curriculum
- Plate Tectonics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Earthquakes: Homeschool Curriculum
- Volcanoes: Homeschool Curriculum
- The Atmosphere and the Environment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Weather and Storms: Homeschool Curriculum
- Water Balance: Homeschool Curriculum
- Running Water: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ground Water: Homeschool Curriculum
- Glaciers: Homeschool Curriculum
- Oceans: Homeschool Curriculum
- Water Issues & Conservation: Homeschool Curriculum
- Ecosystems: Homeschool Curriculum
- Organism Interaction in the Ecosystem: Homeschool Curriculum
- Evolving Ecosystems: Homeschool Curriculum
- Biological Science: Homeschool Curriculum
- Population and the Environment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Food and Agricultural Resources: Homeschool Curriculum
- Forestry, Rangelands & Other Land Use: Homeschool Curriculum
- Mining & Fishing: Homeschool Curriculum
- Energy Concepts: Homeschool Curriculum
- Renewable Resources: Homeschool Curriculum
- Nonrenewable Resources: Homeschool Curriculum
- Solid and Hazardous Waste: Homeschool Curriculum
- Human Impact on the Environment: Homeschool Curriculum
- Environmental Sustainability: Homeschool Curriculum
- Global Environmental Economics: Homeschool Curriculum
- Environmental Ethics & Politics: Homeschool Curriculum