About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Minerals, Rocks and Soil chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties and Examples; |
Mineral Consumption: How Developed and Developing Nations Consume Minerals;
Extraction and Processing of Minerals and the Environmental Impacts of Mineral Use;
Optical Properties of Minerals: Luster, Light Transmission, Color and Streak
| The characteristics of minerals; |
The use of minerals for energy and their distribution across the globe;
Mining minerals from the Earth and the effects of mining on topography;
The properties of minerals and the ways in which they reflect light
|Tuesday|| Crystal Shape of Minerals: Forms and Types; |
Mineral Strength: Tenacity, Hardness, Cleavage and Fracture;
Mineral Density and Specific Gravity: Definition and Properties
| A look at the facets of euhedral crystals; |
The differences between malleable and brittle minerals;
Determining the specific gravity and density of minerals
|Wednesday|| Silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications and Examples; |
Non-Silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications and Examples;
Rocks and Minerals: Definitions and Differences
| Silicate minerals, including quartz and feldspar; |
The composition of sulfates, halides and carbonates;
The distinctions between rocks and minerals
|Thursday|| Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks; |
Types of Rocks: The Three Major Rock Groups;
What is Soil? - Definition, Structure and Types
| The process by which rock formed from magma and its cycles; |
The characteristics of three kinds of rocks;
The particles and composition of soil
|Friday|| The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors; |
What is Soil Erosion? - Definition and Causes;
Soil Conservation: Fighting Soil Erosion with Sustainable Soil Use
| The development of soil and its layers; |
Soil erosion due to water erosion, water runoff and wind erosion;
The causes and effects of soil erosion, and preventive measures
1. What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about minerals and their properties. You will also understand the importance and everyday use of different types of minerals found on Earth.
2. Mineral Consumption: How Developed and Developing Nations Consume Minerals Differently
In this lesson, you will learn about how minerals are used around the world. You will also gain an understanding of where minerals are found on earth and how developed and developing nations consume them differently.
3. Extraction and Processing of Minerals & the Environmental Impacts of Mineral Use
In this lesson, you will learn about the different methods used to extract minerals from the ground and gain an understanding about how different types of mining affect the environment.
4. Optical Properties of Minerals: Luster, Light Transmission, Color & Streak
Minerals are conveniently identified based on their physical properties. These properties include luster, ability to transmit light, color and streak. This lesson will describe each of these properties and examples of each.
5. Crystal Shape of Minerals: Forms and Types
Did you know that the term crystal can have different meanings in addition to something pretty to look at? A crystal can refer to a regular pattern of molecules within a mineral or the shapes at a macroscopic level. This is also known as the crystal habit.
6. Mineral Strength: Tenacity, Hardness, Cleavage & Fracture
What does it mean to say that one mineral is stronger than another? This lesson will explore different minerals to identify and describe mineral strength in terms of tenacity, hardness, cleavage and fracture.
7. Mineral Density & Specific Gravity: Definition and Properties
Mineral density and specific gravity are similar properties used by mineralologists to identify minerals. This lesson describes a common practice used to determine density and specific gravity.
8. Silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples
Silicate minerals make up the bulk of the earth's crust. All silicates are made of the same building block, the silicon-oxygen tetrahedron. This lesson describes the major silicate minerals including feldspars and quartz.
9. Non-silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples
While most minerals are silicates, many non-silicate minerals are found in the earth's crust and are important as well. This lesson will use examples and describe the three major groups of non-silicate minerals, including carbonates, halides and sulfates.
10. Rocks and Minerals: Definitions and Differences
Can you tell the difference between a rock and a mineral? What makes a mineral so much different from a rock? Explore these questions in depth, and learn how we classify rocks and minerals.
11. Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks
In this lesson, we will discuss the three main types of rocks and how they are formed. The lesson also gives an introduction into how matter locked in rocks can be cycled through the earth.
12. Types of Rocks: The Three Major Rock Groups
Did you know that lava is molten rock that reaches the earth's surface? Furthermore, did you know that rocks exist in three general forms: igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic? This lesson describes these rock types and examples of each.
13. The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors
In this video lesson you will learn how soil is formed and what it is made of. You will also learn about how soil is classified and distributed in layers underground.
14. What is Soil? - Definition, Structure & Types
Soil is the material found on the surface of the earth that is composed of organic and inorganic material. Soil varies due to its structure and composition. Learn about the different types of soil and soil structures in this video lesson.
15. What is Soil Erosion? - Definition and Causes
With soil erosion, the top layer of soil is worn away due to factors such as water, wind and tillage of farmland. Learn about soil erosion and how natural elements and human activities break up and transport soil.
16. Soil Conservation: Fighting Soil Erosion With Sustainable Soil Use
In this lesson, you will learn about the causes of soil erosion and the impacts it has on plants and other resources. You will also learn about how erosion is prevented through land use and land monitoring.
17. Soil & Erosion: Definition, Types, Causes & Prevention
One of the most important things that we can do to ensure the health of our crops and nearby ecosystems is to reduce erosion. This lesson explains the relationship between soil and erosion, as well as ways to stop erosion.
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