About This Chapter
Modern Epistemology - Chapter Summary
Our entertaining lessons make it easy to explore pivotal thinkers and theories in modern epistemology. Developed by expert instructors, the lessons provide in-depth examinations of empiricism, rationalism and skepticism and other theories. Review the lessons as short videos that average eight minutes each or full transcripts you can print or read online. Check your knowledge using our mini quizzes and practice exam. After completing this chapter, you will be able to:
- Describe George Berkeley's perspective on objects as ideas
- Define and describe John Locke's theory of empiricism
- Share Hume's explanation of human understanding
- Explain the thoughts and beliefs of Descartes and Leibniz
- Provide descriptions of Kant's theories on knowledge
- Discuss Hume's perspective on skepticism
1. George Berkeley on Empiricism & Idealism
What if the objects around you are really just ideas and not physical matter? In this lesson, see how George Berkeley argued for this view and what motivated him to make such a claim.
2. John Locke's Theory of Empiricism
What makes a claim of truth legitimate? Look at what philosopher John Locke has to say about this topic and what he considers to be central to the development of knowledge.
3. Empiricism & David Hume
Learn why David Hume took an interest in the perceptions of the mind and what kind of approach he used to understand it. Consider what philosophical questions were important to him and which ones he had no interest in pursuing.
4. Early Modern Rationalism: Descartes & Leibniz
Consider what early rationalists thought about knowledge, the human mind, and the human body. Recognize how they differed from their empiricist counterparts and what meaning they gave to consciousness.
5. Immanuel Kant on Rationalism
This lesson reveals the approach Kant took as he considered what knowledge reason is responsible for providing. You'll also learn what type of statement helped philosophers take a big step forward in their discussions of knowledge.
6. David Hume & Skepticism
This lesson examines David Hume's views on skepticism. You'll consider whether Hume thought of any beliefs as justified and what he proposed to do about those beliefs that emerge from habit and custom.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 101: Intro to Philosophy course
- Introduction to Philosophy & Logic
- Types of Fallacies
- Free Will & Determinism
- Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy
- God in Philosophy
- Religion & Philosophy
- Reality in Philosophy
- Philosophy in Science
- Intro to Epistemology
- Ancient Epistemology
- Contemporary Epistemology
- Political Philosophy
- Philosophy & Social Justice
- Studying for Philosophy 101