About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Music 101 material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn introductory music. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding modern era musical instruments and types
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning music (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about modern era music
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra music learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Modern Era Music chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Modern Era Music chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about modern era music. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a modern era music unit of a standard introductory music course. Topics covered include:
- Atonal music and Schoenberg
- Found and prepared instruments
- Modern experimental music
- Mahler, Debussy and Bartok
- Operas and musicals by Gershwin and Bernstein
- Styles of Stravinsky and Copland
1. Atonal Music: Definition, Schoenberg & Examples
Most Western music is based around certain tones. But what happens if we don't do this? Explore atonal music and discover how Arnold Schoenberg contributed to this style. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Mahler, Debussy & Bartok: Transition from Late-Romantic to Modern
In this lesson, you'll explore the transition from Late-Romantic to Modern music through the compositional styles of Gustav Mahler, Claude Debussy, and Bela Bartok.
3. Gershwin & Bernstein: Jazz Influence, Operas & Musicals
Jazz was one of the greatest contributions of American civilization to world culture. However, until the arrival of Gershwin and Bernstein, the genre was largely seen as lacking the refinement of other more classical forms.
4. Stravinsky & Copland: Ballet Contributions and Styles
Igor Stravinsky and Aaron Copland were two ballet composers who were very different, yet similar in many respects. Explore the styles and contributions of each artist and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
5. Aaron Copland: Biography, Music & Facts
Aaron Copland was a prominent American composer during the 20th century that was known for such popular pieces as 'Hoedown' and 'Appalachian Spring.' Learn more about his career, musical influences, and musical style in this lesson.
6. Alban Berg: Biography & Music
Alban Berg was a Viennese composer of the early 20th century. He was a part of the Second Viennese School along with Arnold Schoenberg and Anton Webern. This lesson will examine his life and music, especially his operas.
7. Arnold Schoenberg: Biography, Music & Paintings
Arnold Schoenberg, an Austrian composer of the early 20th century, is one of classical music's most divisive figures. Learn about his life, his work, and the artistic ideas which made him so controversial.
8. Atonal Music: Definition, Theory & Structure
This lesson will introduce you to atonal music of various types. It will discuss the major compositional strategies of the early 20th century, and introduce you to some current trends in non-tonal composition.
9. Avant Garde Music: Definition, Style & Artists
Avant garde music pushes the boundaries of what is considered music. In this lesson, we will learn more about avant garde music, including some of the different types and the composers who write it.
10. Bela Bartok: Biography, Music & Facts
Béla Bartók is one of the most influential composers of the 20th century. Learn about his love of folk music, his travels to preserve it, and his most important compositions.
11. Benjamin Britten: Biography, Works & Operas
Many music lovers and scholars consider Benjamin Britten one of the preeminent operatic composers. In this lesson, we'll learn about Britten's life and the music that he made, including some of his more famous choral and opera work.
12. Carl Perkins: Biography & Songs
Carl Perkins was a rock-and-roll musician from Tennessee who was active in the United States from the 1950s to the mid-1990s. This lesson gives an overview of his biography, his musical style, and some of his most popular songs.
13. Charles Ives: Biography, Music & Songs
Iconoclast Charles Ives was the first American composer to successfully abandon the European music tradition. In this lesson we will learn how the music of rural America and experiments in sound paved the way for a new American music.
14. Composer George Crumb: Biography, Music & Madrigals
George Crumb is one of the most important avant-garde American composers. His highly creative music is popular around the world. In this lesson we will discuss his life and the unique qualities of his style.
15. Composer John Cage: Bio, Music & Facts
This lesson will introduce you to John Cage, the American experimental composer and philosopher. You'll learn about his life, his music, and the questions he asked of musicians and audiences alike.
16. Composer Samuel Barber: Biography, Songs & Adagio for Strings
This lesson is about Samuel Barber, the American composer who wrote, among many other pieces, the famous Adagio for Strings. Here you'll learn about his life and his music.
17. Composer Stephen Foster: Biography & Songs
Mention Stephen Foster (1826-1864) and most people can easily name several of his songs. Read this lesson to learn about his life and how he became one of America's best-loved song writers.
18. Composer Steve Reich: Biography & Music
Steve Reich is a modern American classical composer who challenged the common conception of classical music. This lesson will explore what makes his music truly revolutionary.
19. Country Singer Jimmie Rodgers: Biography & Songs
This lesson will examine the legacy and significance of Jimmie Rodgers. We will learn how Rodgers helped to shape the genre of country music in the early 20th century.
20. Dmitri Shostakovich: Biography & Music
Dmitri Shostakovich was a pivotal figure in Soviet Russian music. His work oscillated between denouncement and exemplar of the state's music. This lesson will examine the life and the music of Dmitri Shostakovich.
21. Igor Stravinsky: Biography, Music & Facts
Igor Stravinsky first challenged audiences with his The Rite of Spring. Since then, Stravinsky built an impressive career that managed to not only incorporate new techniques of composing, but also that challenged many norms of the day.
22. James Brown: Biography, Songs & Death
Called ~'The Hardest Working Man in Show Business,~' James Brown was an influential American singer and songwriter who pioneered the funk genre. In this lesson we will examine his life and music.
23. Jethro Tull: History & Songs
In this lesson you will learn about Jethro Tull, one of the most popular British progressive rock bands of the 1970s and a pioneer in this genre. They are best-known for their 1971 album ''Aqualung.''
24. Kurt Weill: Biography, Songs & Musicals
In this lesson, learn about the life and career of Jewish-German composer Kurt Weill. In his operas and musicals, he explored the darker side of life and created startlingly original works like ''The Threepenny Opera'' and ''Street Scene.''
25. Muddy Waters: Biography, Songs & Influences
Learn about the life of singer and guitar player Muddy Waters and his influence on American popular music. Discover how Muddy helped create the Chicago blues, and how his guitar playing and songs influenced a generation of rock musicians.
26. Peter & the Wolf: Composer, Story & Music
'Peter and the Wolf' is a musical tale written by Sergei Prokofiev. Review the story and learn about the music and the composer. At the end, take a quiz to test your knowledge.
27. Phil Spector: Biography, Songs & Trial
This lesson will extrapolate on the life, career, and recording techniques of Phil Spector. We will examine what made Spector's approach to music so successful, as well as why his personal life and professional career fell apart.
28. Philip Glass: Biography & Music
Philip Glass is an American classical music composer, perhaps one of the most important modern composers. This lesson will examine his music, which is often described as minimalist, though his music is more advanced than his minimalist contemporaries.
29. Pink Floyd: Biography, Band Members & Songs
Pink Floyd is one of the quintessential psychedelic/progressive rock groups of our time. This lesson will examine how their music changed each time the leader of the group changed.
30. Prince: Biography & Music
This lesson will examine the life and career of pop artist Prince. We will explore his androgynous style, extensive discography, and overall impact on international popular culture.
31. Progressive Rock: Definition, Bands & Songs
This lesson will provide a definition of progressive rock and articulate its basic features. Well known bands will be discussed and classic albums will be assessed. Test yourself with a quiz at the end of the lesson.
32. Punk Music: Definition, History & Bands
Punk rock is more than spiked hair and mosh pits. In this lesson, we'll explore this short-lived, though incredibly influential genre, examining what punk is, where it came from, and some of its most influential bands.
33. Ragtime Music: Definition, Composers & History
Learn about ragtime music, from its plantation roots to World War I. Meet some of the many composers and become acquainted with some of the music they wrote and then test your knowledge with a quiz!
34. Robert Johnson: Biography, Songs & Legend
This lesson will detail the life, career and legacy of the famous delta bluesman Robert Johnson. The legend surrounding Johnson will be discussed, as well as his influence on later generations.
35. Rock & Roll: History, Music & Bands
This lesson will articulate the development of rock 'n' roll music in the 1950s and its impact on international youth culture. We will explore the ways in which rock 'n' roll has changed and how its definition has shifted.
36. Scott Joplin: Biography, Songs & Facts
This lesson will go over Scott Joplin and the influence he had on American music. Joplin was an African American piano player and a composer in the late 1800s and early 1900s and has been recognized as one of the founding fathers of the ragtime musical genre.
37. Sun Records: History & Artists
Learn about Sun Records and how it became one of the most important labels in music history, responsible for signing acts crucial to the development of both country music and rock and roll. Then test your knowledge with a quiz!
38. The Beatles: Biography, Members & Songs
Easily the most recognizable and enduring act of British music in America of the past 100 years, the Beatles still enjoy massive popularity around the world. Learn about their music style and successes, and get some fun facts about each member.
39. The Rite of Spring: Story, Analysis, Composer & Music
Almost as famous for the rowdy reception its first performance in Paris caused, The Rite of Spring shook the artistic world with the one-two punch of provocative dance and unsettling music. Additionally, it propelled its composer, Igor Stravinsky, to considerable fame.
40. Tin Pan Alley: Definition, History & Composers
Tin Pan Alley was the music publishing hub in New York City at the turn of the 20th century, and it provided economic security and fame for many of America's greatest composers. Read more about the history of Tin Pan Alley below.
41. Walter Gropius: Biography, Buildings & Works
In this lesson, learn about German architect and teacher Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus, an important art and craft school in Germany. His famous buildings defined the idea of modern architecture and helped establish a new sense of design for the 20th Century world.
42. What Is Blues Music? - Definition, History & Artists
What is blues music and how did it originate? In learning the answers to these questions, you will also meet some early blues musicians and their music.
43. What is MIDI? - Controller, Interface & Songs
This lesson will teach you about MIDI, the musical computer language that's defined electronic music since the 1970s. You'll learn important terminology and concepts, see how the MIDI system works and get your groove on with a few MIDI-using tunes.
44. Emile Jaques-Dalcroze: Biography & Method
Do you move parts of your body when you listen to music? Is there a connection between movement and music? In this lesson, learn about the life and methods of Emile Jaques-Dalcroze.
45. Found and Prepared Instruments in Modern Music
In this lesson, explore the use of found and prepared instruments in experimental music and discover how these instruments are created. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
46. Modern Experimental Music: Glass, Cage & Use of Silence
How many new things can really be to say about music? Well, thanks to the rise of modern experimental music, you can explore new ideas about what music is and how we experience it. After reviewing the lesson, you may test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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Other chapters within the Music 101: Help and Review course
- Elements of Music: Help and Review
- Opera and Orchestral Music: Help and Review
- Medieval Music: Help and Review
- Renaissance Music: Help and Review
- The Baroque Period in Music: Help and Review
- The Classical Period in Music: Help and Review
- The Romantic Period in Music: Help and Review
- Jazz Music: Help and Review
- Musical Theater and Popular Music: Help and Review
- World Music: Help and Review