About This Chapter
Morality in Western Religion - Chapter Summary
Professional instructors present lessons on morality in Western religion in this chapter. As you work through it, you'll review the divine command theory, different perspectives on morality and civil religion in America. Take your time as you complete this chapter at your own pace, and feel free to go back to review any topics over again. You'll find lesson quizzes and a comprehensive chapter test here to help you assess your understanding before moving on to other subjects. After completing this entire chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Describe the relationships between morality, religion and law
- Outline the ethics associated with the divine command theory
- Differentiate between the morality perspectives of theonomy, heteronomy and autonomy
- Detail the role of covenant in Biblical morality and law
- Provide an overview of civil religion in America
1. The Relationships Between Morality, Law & Religion
This lesson discusses the interconnectedness of morality, law and religion. It highlights the debate over the origin of morality and religion while also emphasizing the force of the law.
2. Divine Command Theory: Definition & Ethics
In this lesson, you'll find out why some philosophers argue for the existence of God. You will explore what divine command theorists see as the benefits of the belief in a creator of moral laws.
3. Perspectives on Morality: Autonomy, Heteronomy & Theonomy
Morals. There's no real easy way to define them, but that doesn't mean we don't try. Explore a few of the common perspectives on morality, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. The Role of Covenant in Biblical Law & Morality
The idea of covenants, or agreements made between God and some group of people, is a very important theme in Western religion. In this lesson, we take a look at the development of covenants, especially in Christianity.
5. Civil Religion in America: Definition & Overview
This lesson discusses the role of civil religion and looks at what has influenced this concept in the United States. You will consider the impact of seeing your culture as exceptional, including the problems that can result.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 102: Ethics in America course
- Introduction to the Study of Morality
- Moral Belief Systems Overview
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics & Philosophy
- Natural & Moral Law Theories
- Consequentialist vs. Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Ethical Issues in Life & Death
- Economic Inequality & Morality
- Philosophical Theories Behind the Justice System
- Moral & Ethical Issues in Peacetime vs. War
- Human Rights Ethics & Morals
- Ethical Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Bioethics Impact on Medicine & Morality
- Ethics & Morality in Business
- The Environment & Ethics