About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding emotions or working with motivations
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning psychology (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about motivation and emotion
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra psychology learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Motivation and Emotion chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Motivation and Emotion chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any motivation or emotion question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- What are some basic theories of emotions?
- How are emotions categorized?
- What is the fight or flight response?
- Is it possible to become stressed by stress?
- What is the theory behind positive psychology?
- How did Maslow organize his Hierarchy of Needs?
1. Emotions in Psychology: Definition, Biological Components & Survival
When railroad worker Phineas Gage's brain was injured in 1848, his emotions completely changed. Find out what parts of the brain affect your emotional intelligence and what made Phineas go from happy-go-lucky guy to crabby curmudgeon.
2. Categories of Emotion: 6 Basic Emotions, Oppositional Pairs & Biology
Have you ever wondered why you can react to danger before you even really realize it's there? Or why you can recognize an expression of happiness on someone's face, no matter where the person is from? Find out the answers to these questions and more in this lesson about the different types of emotions and how the brain processes them.
3. Theories of Emotion: James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Two-Factor & Facial Feedback Hypothesis
Have you ever wondered how your emotions are related to your physical reactions? Does your heart beat fast because you're excited, or are you excited because your heart is beating fast? Psychologists have taken a turn at figuring out how our physiological reactions are connected to emotions. Take a look at this lesson for more on the most important theories of emotion.
4. Fight or Flight Response: Definition, Physiology & Examples
A squirrel caught in headlights or the cock that fights to the death? Do you know what makes us choose between freezing, running or fighting back? And what's happening inside of you all the while? This lesson answers all of your fight-or-flight questions.
5. Understanding Stress: Eustress, Distress & Coping Strategies
Most people have to deal with stress on a regular basis. But do you know what it's really doing to your body? Learn more about the reasons behind feeling stressed as well as common strategies to not let the stress get to you.
6. Positive Psychology: Optimism, Self-Efficacy & Happiness
There are folks who see the glass half-full and those who see it half-empty. But it's the same glass, so why does it matter what kind you are? Find out just how big of an impact your answer to this common question can have on how you live your life.
7. Theories of Motivation: Instinct, Drive Reduction & Arousal
Motivation is a word we've all heard: whether we're asked if we're feeling motivated or, even, what our motivations are. Where does the desire to do something come from? This lesson presents and explains three of the main theories on motivation.
8. Understanding Hunger: Physical & Psychological Factors
Finding a way to address our hunger is one of the main motivators we have as living beings. But hunger isn't all about your stomach; your brain plays a key role in how you get the message that it's time to refuel. Watch this lesson for details on how hunger works from the brain's perspective.
9. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
10. Attitude Object in Psychology: Definition & Overview
Attitude objects are what you make a judgment about or have a positive or negative feeling toward. In this lesson, you will learn about the definition of attitude objects, see examples of attitude objects, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
11. Blunted Affect: Definition & Overview
Blunted affect refers to a reduction in the intensity of an individual's emotional response. Learn about blunted affect, how it is different from flat affect, its relation to mental disorders, and more in this lesson.
12. Cognitive Dissonance in Psychology: Theory, Examples & Definition
Cognitive dissonance is the discomfort you feel when you do something that's against your beliefs. Read on to find out more about the theory of cognitive dissonance, discover examples from real life, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
13. Emotional Contagion: Definition & Theory
Ever wonder why you're happier around happy people and annoyed around annoyed people? There is a phenomenon called emotional contagion that explains this! Find out more in this lesson.
14. Instinct Theory of Motivation: Overview
Ever wonder why or how we know how to do certain actions as babies without ever learning them? Babies know how to suck to get nutrition from milk. Birds know how to make nests for shelter. Some would say that this is due to instincts. Learn about instinct theories of motivation in this lesson.
15. Internal Attribution: Definition & Examples
Internal attribution refers to inferring that personal factors are the cause of an event or behavior. Learn more about internal attribution from examples, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
16. Self-Actualization: Definition & Explanation
Learn about self-actualization, which is the highest level on Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, and understand how self-actualization applies to your life and experiences. Then, test your knowledge with a quiz.
17. Weber and Formal Rationality
According to Weber, people in modern societies favor formal rationality, a way of thinking that emphasizes a matter-of-fact calculation of the most efficient way to accomplish a task. Let's learn more about this topic in this video lesson!
18. Weber's Iron Cage of Rationality
Read about sociologist Max Weber's concept of the 'iron cage of rationality' and how it can be applied to modern society. Learn about Weber's four types of social action and how he described the results-driven world we live in today in this lesson.
19. Amygdala's Role in Emotion: Function & Overview
The amygdala is a small structure in the brain. It may be small, but it can set off some powerful emotions. This lesson will review the structure, function, and role the amygdala has with emotions and other responses from various stimuli.
20. Altruistic Behavior: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of altruism and how it runs counter to evolutionary theory, in particular to Darwin's survival of the fittest theory. You will be given examples of altruistic behavior in humans and in animals.
21. Overview of Dementia & Anger
In this lesson, you will learn the definitions of dementia, anger and aggression. You will learn how anger manifests in dementia and be given examples of reasons that people with dementia exhibit anger and aggression. Following the lesson will be a brief quiz.
22. The Link Between Anxiety & Anger
Researchers are just starting to understand how anger and anxiety can interact with each other. This lesson provides an overview of these two emotions and the state of current research into the link between them.
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Other chapters within the Intro to Psychology: Help and Review course
- History and Approaches in Psychology: Help and Review
- Biological Bases of Behavior: Help and Review
- Sensation and Perception: Help and Review
- States of Consciousness: Help and Review
- Learning: Help and Review
- Cognition: Help and Review
- Developmental Psychology: Help and Review
- Personality: Help and Review
- Social Psychology Topics: Help and Review
- Psychological Disorders and Health: Help and Review
- Psychological Treatments: Help and Review
- Statistics, Tests and Measurement in Psychology: Help and Review
- Neurological Treatment for Psychological Issues