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- Define emotion.
- Learn how to place emotions into categories.
- Take a look at theories of emotion.
- Understand the purpose of the fight or flight response.
- Examine the effects of stress.
- Describe the aims of positive psychology.
- Define motivation.
- Learn how hunger motivates us.
- Discuss Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
1. Emotions in Psychology: Definition, Biological Components & Survival
When railroad worker Phineas Gage's brain was injured in 1848, his emotions completely changed. Find out what parts of the brain affect your emotional intelligence and what made Phineas go from happy-go-lucky guy to crabby curmudgeon.
2. Categories of Emotion: 6 Basic Emotions, Oppositional Pairs & Biology
Have you ever wondered why you can react to danger before you even really realize it's there? Or why you can recognize an expression of happiness on someone's face, no matter where the person is from? Find out the answers to these questions and more in this lesson about the different types of emotions and how the brain processes them.
3. Theories of Emotion: James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Two-Factor & Facial Feedback Hypothesis
Have you ever wondered how your emotions are related to your physical reactions? Does your heart beat fast because you're excited, or are you excited because your heart is beating fast? Psychologists have taken a turn at figuring out how our physiological reactions are connected to emotions. Take a look at this lesson for more on the most important theories of emotion.
4. Fight or Flight Response: Definition, Physiology & Examples
A squirrel caught in headlights or the cock that fights to the death? Do you know what makes us choose between freezing, running or fighting back? And what's happening inside of you all the while? This lesson answers all of your fight-or-flight questions.
5. Understanding Stress: Eustress, Distress & Coping Strategies
Most people have to deal with stress on a regular basis. But do you know what it's really doing to your body? Learn more about the reasons behind feeling stressed as well as common strategies to not let the stress get to you.
6. Positive Psychology: Optimism, Self-Efficacy & Happiness
There are folks who see the glass half-full and those who see it half-empty. But it's the same glass, so why does it matter what kind you are? Find out just how big of an impact your answer to this common question can have on how you live your life.
7. Theories of Motivation: Instinct, Drive Reduction & Arousal
Motivation is a word we've all heard: whether we're asked if we're feeling motivated or, even, what our motivations are. Where does the desire to do something come from? This lesson presents and explains three of the main theories on motivation.
8. Understanding Hunger: Physical & Psychological Factors
Finding a way to address our hunger is one of the main motivators we have as living beings. But hunger isn't all about your stomach; your brain plays a key role in how you get the message that it's time to refuel. Watch this lesson for details on how hunger works from the brain's perspective.
9. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
10. Brehm's Reactance Theory: Definition & Overview
Reactance Theory is something that probably happens to everyone, even if we don't know what it is. Read on to get a better understanding of your feelings and reactions to social pressure and learn about the man who introduced the theory, Jack Brehm.
11. Carl Lange and Psychology: Theory, Overview
This lesson briefly discusses Carl Georg Lange and his contributions to the field of psychology. Lange was best known for his theory of emotion, which is often paired with William James's work as the James-Lange theory of emotion.
12. Introspection: Definition & Explanation
The phrase 'I need to think about that' describes a process called introspection. A famous term in psychology - introspection is when someone pays attention to their own thoughts/beliefs to understand themselves better. Introspection is unique to you and no two forms of introspection are alike.
13. Misattribution Theory: Definition & Explanation
This lesson provides insight into how we might incorrectly attribute an emotion to an event that is not the cause of the emotion at all. Examples of how arousal can be transferred from one event to another and an overview of a famous research experiment are also included.
14. Paired Association: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, we'll discuss paired association and how emotions can get linked with objects. Learn about the use of paired association in advertising, and discover what can happen when paired association goes too far.
15. Robert Plutchik's Wheel of Emotions
Robert Plutchik was a psychologist who developed a psychoevolutionary theory of emotion. Learn more about Plutchik's theory, the wheel of emotions, primary emotions, and dyads.
16. Walter Cannon: Stress & Fight or Flight Theories
The fight or flight response is an instinct designed to keep us alive. Learn about Walter Cannon's discovery of the fight or flight response, what happens during the stress response and how it can help and hurt our bodies in this lesson.
17. What Is a Psychological Stressor? - Definition & Examples
Psychological stressors are events and stimuli that cause us to experience psychological stress. Learn about psychological stress, the different types of psychological stressors, and more, in this lesson.
18. What Is Emotional Intelligence? - Definition & Explanation
Do you know people who have difficulty getting along with others and a great deal of conflict in their lives? It's probably linked to their level of emotional intelligence. Learn what emotional intelligence is and how it is important in everyday life.
19. What Is Optimism? - Definition & Explanation
Optimism is a form of positive thinking that includes the belief that you are responsible for your own happiness and that more good things will continue to happen to you in the future. Learn more about optimism, how it differs from pessimism, and more.
20. Ayn Rand's View on Altruism
In this lesson, you will learn about Ayn Rand's views on altruism, morality and the role of government. Following the lesson will be a brief quiz to test your knowledge.
21. Overview of the Stages of Anger
Have you ever been so angry you wanted to explode? You're not alone! In this lesson, you will learn about the four stages of anger and how they are connected.
22. The Psychology of Advertising
Advertising has been around for many years, but what makes certain ads more successful than others? Psychologists have some ideas about how advertising appeals to us on many different levels. Read on to learn more.
23. The Relationship Between Asperger's & Anger
In this lesson, we will explore the relationship between people with Asperger's Syndrome and anger. We'll also discuss how parents can help their children with Asperger's effectively manage their emotions.
24. Optimistic vs Pessimistic Thinking
Do you always find the good in any situation? If so, you might be an optimistic thinker. In this lesson, we will discuss optimistic thinking, pessimistic thinking, and determine which method of thinking is best.
25. Realistic vs Optimistic Thinking
Are you an optimist, a pessimist, or a realist? The optimist thinks things will be great, the pessimist thinks they'll be terrible, and the realist knows that they can go either way. In this lesson we'll compare optimistic and realistic thinking.
26. Activities to Identify Anger Triggers
When students know how to identify triggers for anger, they are usually better able to handle their feelings appropriately. This lesson offers fun and engaging activities that will help your students identify anger triggers.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Psychology: Tutoring Solution course
- History and Approaches: Tutoring Solution
- Biological Bases of Behavior: Tutoring Solution
- Sensation and Perception: Tutoring Solution
- States of Consciousness: Tutoring Solution
- Learning: Tutoring Solution
- Cognition: Tutoring Solution
- Developmental Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Personality: Tutoring Solution
- Theories of Social Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Psychological Disorders and Health: Tutoring Solution
- Psychological Treatments: Tutoring Solution
- Statistics, Tests and Measurement: Tutoring Solution