About This Chapter
Motivation in Business Management - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors explain the various management theories on employee motivation. You will be introduced to scientific, bureaucratic and administrative management theories - including their principles and application. This chapter will also discuss the impact of the theories of McGregor, Mayo and Fayol and their contributions to management theory.
You'll also learn about modern theory of management and how it is implemented in organizations today. Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Herzberg's two-factor theory, and Vroom's expectancy theory of employee motivation will be presented. As the chapter progresses, you'll come to understand how and why different organizations choose to implement different theoretical approaches. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Discuss the meaning of scientific management and how it operates
- Define bureaucratic and administrative management styles and when and where they are useful
- Explain McGregor's motivation and management theory
- Recognize Mayo's theory of motivation and contributions to management theory
- Discuss Fayol's theory of staff management and worker satisfaction
- Describe the modern theory of management
- Explain Maslow's hierarchy of needs and how it applies in organizations
- Explicate Herzberg's two-factor theory
- Explain Vroom's expectancy theory of employee motivation
To learn these theories and applications, you can utilize these short, enjoyable video lessons taught by master instructors. You'll also have access to self-assessment quizzes and lesson transcripts to further bolster your learning. We provide video tags that make it easy to go back and re-watch a segment of a video without having to review the entire segment.
1. Scientific Management: Theories, Principles & Definition
Scientific management theory was developed in the early 20th century by Frederick W. Taylor. We will be exploring the primary principles of scientific management and some of its key contributors. You will also be given a chance to reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz.
2. Bureaucratic Management Theory: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll discuss bureaucratic management theory. This theory proposes that an ideally run organization consists of a group of people organized into a hierarchical structure and governed by rational-legal decision-making rules.
3. What Is Administrative Management Theory? - Definition & Functions
Administrative management is concerned with the design and management of an organization. In this lesson, you'll learn what administrative management theory is as well as its key components.
4. Douglas McGregor's Motivation & Management Theories
Douglas McGregor proposed two theories about employee motivation based on two very different sets of assumptions that managers hold towards workers. Learn more about the assumptions and validity of McGregor's employee motivation theories, and take a quiz to test your knowledge.
5. Elton Mayo's Theory of Motivations & Contributions to Management Theory
Elton Mayo was a philosopher, author, Harvard professor, and designer of the 'Hawthorne Experiments,' which significantly changed management science thinking. Read on to learn what he discovered and how it still impacts management practices today.
6. Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction
In this lesson, we'll discuss how Henri Fayol's final seven principles play out in the workplace. Using a professional restaurant kitchen as an example, you'll learn about the importance of worker satisfaction and other elements of effective management.
7. Modern Theory of Management
Modern management theory has changed the way managers look at their jobs. Advancements and refinements in management theory and practice have enabled managers and managerial systems to evolve. In this lesson, we will look at modern management theories.
8. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
9. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation
This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.
10. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation
Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Business and Marketing (063): Practice and Study Guide course
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- Laws Related to Business Ownership
- Labor-Management Relations
- Business Law Basics
- Ethics in Business Today
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- Accounting & Financial Management
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- Career & Professional Development in Business
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