About This Chapter
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- Explain why motivation is important in an educational environment.
- Discuss social-cognitive learning theory.
- Become familiar with Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
- List the criteria for vicarious learning.
- Explain attribution theory.
- Understand how expectancy and value constructs differ according to age, gender and ethnicity.
- Differentiate between goals and needs.
- Describe the ways intrinsic and extrinsic motivation enhance learning.
- Learn the difference between self-efficacy and self-concept.
- Take a look at self-determination theory.
- Discuss the role motivation plays in self-regulated learning.
- Understand how student performance can be affected by teacher expectations and attributions.
- Be able to identify learned helplessness in children.
1. The Importance of Motivation in an Educational Environment
In this lesson, you'll see how motivation affects learning. Discover the behaviors and perspectives that relate to motivation in an educational environment.
2. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
3. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
4. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
5. Attribution Theory and the Principle of Locus of Control
What do you attribute your successes or failures to? Do you feel like luck and chance are involved, or do you feel like you're in control of your achievements and behavior? This lesson will provide you with an overview of attribution theory and the principles of locus of control.
6. Expectancy Value Theory: Age, Gender & Ethnicity Differences
The values placed on an object or event and our expectancies of performance play a large role in determining the level of effort and ultimately the level of achievement for a given activity. This lesson will detail two popular models of expectancy-value theory and provide suggestions on how to incorporate these theories into a classroom setting.
7. Goal Orientation Theory: How Goals Affect Student Motivation & Behavior
What academic goals do you set for yourself? Are you driven by interest in the academic discipline or by extrinsic factors, such as receiving a higher salary because you have a degree? You may be driven by both. This lesson will explore goals and how they affect student motivation and behavior.
8. Using Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation to Enhance Learning
Why do you want to learn about educational psychology? Do you enjoy reading about different theories and practices? Do you have to pass this class in order to receive a degree? Our behaviors are driven by intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In this lesson, distinguish between these types of motivation and learn how they can enhance learning.
9. Self-Efficacy vs. Self-Concept: Differences & Effects on Outcome Expectations
How do you perceive yourself? Are you good in a particular academic discipline? Do you like being around others, or do you prefer to spend time alone? The answers to these questions help make up your self-concept and self-efficacy. This lesson will differentiate between these two concepts and explore outcomes of high and low self-efficacy.
10. Self-Determination Theory: Capacity, Strategy & Control Beliefs
How do you stay motivated? What motivates your peers and coworkers? Are rewards motivating factors or do people have an internal drive to persist until a given activity is completed? This lesson will describe a theory that encompasses both intrinsic and extrinsic motivators: the self-determination theory.
11. The Role of Motivation in Self-Regulated Learning
Do you monitor and evaluate your own learning? Do you alter the way you study based on performance on assessments? If so, you are engaging in self-regulation practices and, by doing so, increasing the likelihood of academic achievement. This lesson will define self-regulation, discuss the cyclical process of self-regulation and explore methods to promote self-regulation in the classroom.
12. Teacher Expectations & Attributions
Attributions for success and failure drive future expectations for learning and success. Students attribute their successes or failures to a number of factors. Teachers also make attributions for student performance. This lesson will explore teacher expectations and attributions that affect classroom and individual student performance.
13. Learned Helplessness in Children: Definition
Why do people just give up? Why are some situations deemed hopeless? This lesson will introduce you to the concept of learned helplessness in order to answer the above questions and provide recommendations on dealing with learned helplessness in the classroom.
14. Motivational Tools for Students: Techniques & Examples
In this lesson, we will explore the importance of student motivation and ways that teachers can motivate their students through tools like rewards, praise, and encouraging independence.
15. What Are Social Needs in Maslow's Hierarchy? - Definition & Examples
Learn about Maslow's social stage in the hierarchy of needs, apply the social stage to your life and experiences, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
16. What is Motivation? - Theories & Examples
Why do we do what we do? Motivation is the term that we use to describe why people move towards certain actions and goals but not others. Learn about the concept of motivation and a few important theories psychologists have developed to try and explain our behavior.
17. Questioning Techniques in the Classroom
This lesson will highlight various questioning techniques that can be used in the classroom to promote critical thinking. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.
18. Student Engagement Activities
Grabbing student's attention and keeping it throughout a lesson is our goal! Here are three innovative and fun ways to engage students in the lesson topic of your choice.
19. Student Engagement Strategies
Students learn information in many different ways, which makes engaging diverse student populations challenging. In this lesson, we will define what it means to be actively engaged and explore several best practice strategies for engaging students.
20. Teaching Perseverance to Kids
How can we prepare children to be successful in their lives? We teach them to read, write and do math, but that may not be enough. This lesson will outline how teaching children how to persevere may be the greatest lesson of all.
21. Teaching Resilience to Kids
Resilience is one of the characteristics that helps most with success and happiness in life. This lesson will give you some ideas about how you can teach your students to develop resilience.
22. Get to Know You' Activities for High School
Getting to know high school students can be a bit of a challenge. However, the activities detailed in this lesson will help you get your high school students to open up to you and their classmates so you can learn more about them.
23. 'Get to Know You' Activities for Kids
The first week of school can be very hectic. Getting to know your students (and helping them get to know you) should be one of your main priorities, and the activities detailed in this lesson will help make learning about each other fun.
24. 'Get to Know You' Activities for Middle School
The beginning of the school year takes a lot of work from both students and teachers. You can help your students adjust to middle school by providing them with get-to-know-you activities, allowing you to learn student names and personalities and helping students relax and get to know each other.
25. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi: Flow Theory & Works
Who is Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi? How do you pronounce his name? What is flow theory? These questions (and more) will be answered in this article on the pioneering positive psychologist. A short quiz follows the lesson.
26. Conditioned Response: Definition & Examples
Have you ever heard of a conditioned response? No, it isn't a disease. This lesson will define the term and provide some examples to help you understand how and why a conditioned response occurs.
27. Betts' Autonomous Learner Model
Did you know that Betts' Autonomous Learner Model was created to help gifted students? In this lesson, we will discuss Betts' Autonomous Learner Model, its five dimensions, and more.
28. Building Relationships with Students
Teacher-student relationships can make the difference between success and failure in the classroom. In this lesson we will explore techniques for building relationships with students.
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Other chapters within the Educational Psychology: Tutoring Solution course
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- Developmental Psychology in Children and Adolescents: Tutoring Solution
- Assessments of Learning: Tutoring Solution
- Cognitive Perspective in Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Behavioral Perspective in Psychology: Tutoring Solution
- Research Design and Analysis: Tutoring Solution
- Instructional Pedagogy: Tutoring Solution
- Individual Differences in Children: Tutoring Solution