About This Chapter
Motivation in Learning
If you are like most people, you've probably struggled with staying motivated at some point in your life. Motivation is that driving force that pushes you towards a goal or objective. Many people associate motivation with exercise. If you lack motivation, chances are you won't ever dust off those running shoes and get moving. However, if you are motivated, then you'll likely commit to a running program and go for a run every day. Motivation can play a role in every aspect of our lives, including education.
Our lessons on motivation in learning will help you to gain a better understanding of how motivation works in relation to an educational environment. You'll get to see the role of theories, like the social-cognitive learning theory, in how you learn. See Albert Bandura's contributions to social-cognitive theories. Specifically, you'll be studying his four criteria for effective vicarious learning. Also discover how Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs has a part in motivation and learning.
Let our lessons introduce you to the Attribution theory, the Principle of Locus of Control, the Expectancy Value Theory and the Goal Orientation Theory. As you watch our lessons, you'll develop a better understanding of these concepts. Our lessons will give you some real examples that will put the concepts into a real context. Follow along through discussions that look at the important aspects of these theories and help you to dig deeper into the ideas behind them.
Motivation is not just for individual use. You may develop ways to motivate yourself, but you can also develop ways to motivate others. This is where motivation fits into the learning environment. Discover how to motivate students using intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. See how to properly use rewards to get results in a learning environment.
Expectations tie into the concept of motivation in learning. Our lessons will help you to see how expectations are affected by things such as self-efficacy. Learn more about the role of the self-determination theory. See how teacher expectations and attributions affect the classroom and student performance. Also take a look at helplessness and how this can be learned. Discover that helplessness can have a negative effect on learning and find out what you can do to help your students overcome it.
1. The Importance of Motivation in an Educational Environment
In this lesson, you'll see how motivation affects learning. Discover the behaviors and perspectives that relate to motivation in an educational environment.
2. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples
Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
3. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
4. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
5. Attribution Theory and the Principle of Locus of Control
What do you attribute your successes or failures to? Do you feel like luck and chance are involved, or do you feel like you're in control of your achievements and behavior? This lesson will provide you with an overview of attribution theory and the principles of locus of control.
6. Expectancy Value Theory: Age, Gender & Ethnicity Differences
The values placed on an object or event and our expectancies of performance play a large role in determining the level of effort and ultimately the level of achievement for a given activity. This lesson will detail two popular models of expectancy-value theory and provide suggestions on how to incorporate these theories into a classroom setting.
7. Goal Orientation Theory: How Goals Affect Student Motivation & Behavior
What academic goals do you set for yourself? Are you driven by interest in the academic discipline or by extrinsic factors, such as receiving a higher salary because you have a degree? You may be driven by both. This lesson will explore goals and how they affect student motivation and behavior.
8. Using Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation to Enhance Learning
Why do you want to learn about educational psychology? Do you enjoy reading about different theories and practices? Do you have to pass this class in order to receive a degree? Our behaviors are driven by intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In this lesson, distinguish between these types of motivation and learn how they can enhance learning.
9. Self-Efficacy vs. Self-Concept: Differences & Effects on Outcome Expectations
How do you perceive yourself? Are you good in a particular academic discipline? Do you like being around others, or do you prefer to spend time alone? The answers to these questions help make up your self-concept and self-efficacy. This lesson will differentiate between these two concepts and explore outcomes of high and low self-efficacy.
10. Self-Determination Theory: Capacity, Strategy & Control Beliefs
How do you stay motivated? What motivates your peers and coworkers? Are rewards motivating factors or do people have an internal drive to persist until a given activity is completed? This lesson will describe a theory that encompasses both intrinsic and extrinsic motivators: the self-determination theory.
11. The Role of Motivation in Self-Regulated Learning
Do you monitor and evaluate your own learning? Do you alter the way you study based on performance on assessments? If so, you are engaging in self-regulation practices and, by doing so, increasing the likelihood of academic achievement. This lesson will define self-regulation, discuss the cyclical process of self-regulation and explore methods to promote self-regulation in the classroom.
12. Teacher Expectations & Attributions
Attributions for success and failure drive future expectations for learning and success. Students attribute their successes or failures to a number of factors. Teachers also make attributions for student performance. This lesson will explore teacher expectations and attributions that affect classroom and individual student performance.
13. Learned Helplessness in Children: Definition
Why do people just give up? Why are some situations deemed hopeless? This lesson will introduce you to the concept of learned helplessness in order to answer the above questions and provide recommendations on dealing with learned helplessness in the classroom.
14. Extrinsic Motivation in Psychology: Definition, Examples & Types
Motivation that comes from external sources, such as monetary rewards and trophies, is called extrinsic motivation. Learn about the different types of extrinsic motivation, how it differs from intrinsic motivation, and more.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 102: Educational Psychology course