About This Chapter
Motivation in Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The impulse to act is an important part of our mental framework, but where does motivation come from? In this chapter, you'll explore psychologists' theories about motivation as well as the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivators. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a famous construct in psychology, and you'll look at how it explains basic human needs. You'll also learn about various ways we form systems of motivation for ourselves. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define motivation, self-determination, intrinsic, and extrinsic
- Explain where motivation comes from
- Understand basic human needs and how they can act as motivators
- Assess different types of motivations
- Relate biological instincts to psychological motivations
|Intro to Motivation||Explore three theories that explain motivation, or the impulse to act.|
|Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation||Understand how motivation can be found in both internal and external factors.|
|Self-Determination Theory: Capacity, Strategy, and Control Beliefs||Learn about self-determination and how it works as a motivator.|
|Avoiding Cognitive Dissonance||Understand how motivation can be found in the need to avoid a reworking of schema.|
|Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs||Learn about the basic human needs as theorized by Abraham Maslow.|
|Hunger||Explore hunger as a motivator and the biological processes that accompany the need for fuel.|
1. Theories of Motivation: Instinct, Drive Reduction & Arousal
Motivation is a word we've all heard: whether we're asked if we're feeling motivated or, even, what our motivations are. Where does the desire to do something come from? This lesson presents and explains three of the main theories on motivation.
2. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Education: Definition & Examples
Intrinsic and extrinsic are the two types of motivation. Learn more about intrinsic and extrinsic motivation from definitions and examples, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. Self-Determination Theory: Capacity, Strategy & Control Beliefs
How do you stay motivated? What motivates your peers and coworkers? Are rewards motivating factors or do people have an internal drive to persist until a given activity is completed? This lesson will describe a theory that encompasses both intrinsic and extrinsic motivators: the self-determination theory.
4. The Theory of Cognitive Dissonance in Psychology
What happens when a person's beliefs and actions don't line up? And how do people deal with their feelings when that happens? Explore this lesson for information on psychologist Leon Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance.
5. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Definition, Theory & Pyramid
Why is it that when some of our needs aren't met, it's almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
6. Understanding Hunger: Physical & Psychological Factors
Finding a way to address our hunger is one of the main motivators we have as living beings. But hunger isn't all about your stomach; your brain plays a key role in how you get the message that it's time to refuel. Watch this lesson for details on how hunger works from the brain's perspective.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP Psychology: Exam Prep course
- AP Psychology: History and Development of Modern Psychology
- AP Psychology: Research Methods Used in the Study of Psychology
- AP Psychology: Intelligence Testing
- AP Psychology: Biology in Psychology
- AP Psychology: The 5 Senses & Psychology
- AP Psychology: Sleep and Other States of Consciousness
- AP Psychology: Learning & Conditioning
- AP Psychology: Memory & Cognition
- AP Psychology: Emotion
- AP Psychology: Child Development in Psychology
- AP Psychology: Personality Development and Theories
- AP Psychology: Study of Social Psychology
- AP Psychology: Abnormal Psychology
- AP Psychology: Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders
- AP Psychology: Test Strategy
- AP Psychology Flashcards