About This Chapter
Motivation in the Workplace Overview - Chapter Summary
We've created this engaging chapter on motivation in the workplace to give you the information and tools you need to review these concepts with your management teams. Topics covered here include motivation theory, the Pygmalion effect and Herzberg's two-factor theory. Each video lesson covers these subjects in approximately ten minutes or less and is easy to navigate using the video tabs feature.
How It Helps
- Simplifies training: Because this course is accessible from any tablet, smartphone or computer with an internet connection, you can use it with your teams no matter where they are located or the schedule that they work.
- Provides knowledge: After completing this chapter, your employees will fully understand Alderfer's ERG theory and how it relates to employee motivation in the workplace.
- Encourages strong teams: When your managers understand how to properly and successfully motivate their employees, stronger and more satisfied employees and teams result.
Take a look at this chapter to help your management teams understand how to:
- Outline needs-based and behavior-based motivation theory
- Influence employee behavior using the Pygmalion effect
- Detail Herzberg's two-factor theory
- Discuss Alderfer's ERG theory and how it relates to employee motivation
- Understand the acquired needs theory
- Describe the reward and effort of the equity theory of motivation
- Define Vroom's expectancy theory of employee motivation
- Use consequences to motivate employees using Thorndike's reinforcement theory
- Identify the use of goals to advance motivation per Locke's goal-setting theory
- Differentiate between intrinsic and extrinsic rewards
- Outline the different types of job redesign
- Explain how to empower employees and improve employee performance
- Detail job flexibility in the workplace
1. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based
There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.
2. The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior
Setting expectations for employee performance and behavior is one of the primary responsibilities of management. This lesson defines the Pygmalion Effect and describes how it is used to influence employee behavior.
3. The Pygmalion Effect: Scenario & Application
In the lesson The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior, you learned about the Pygmalion effect and how to use it to influence employee behavior. Here, you will apply this knowledge to scenarios both hypothetical and from your own workplace.
4. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation
This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.
5. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace
Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.
6. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation
Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.
7. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort
Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.
8. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation
Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.
9. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees
In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.
10. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.
11. Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards
Have you ever wondered why some employees are more motivated than others to work at a higher level of productivity? This lesson explains how managers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to reinforce positive employee behavior.
12. Types of Job Redesign: Job Enrichment, Enlargement & Rotation
Managers must be aware of ways to increase employee motivation. This lesson describes the various ways to redesign a job to encourage employees, including job enrichment, job enlargement and job rotation.
13. How to Empower Employees & Improve Employee Performance
Empowered employees have the potential to reach high levels of productivity because they feel in control of their jobs. This lesson will describe how a manager can empower an employee to motivate employee performance.
14. Job Flexibility in the Workplace
It's tough to find the right balance between work and life, but many employers are helping to make that task a little easier. Watch this lesson to learn about job flexibility in the workplace, including flextime, a compressed workweek, and telecommuting.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Management: Skills Development & Training course
- Management Overview
- Classical School of Management Overview
- Behavioral School of Management Theory Overview
- Contemporary & Future School of Management Theory Overview
- Planning in Organizations Overview
- Organizational Change Overview
- Organizing in Business Management Overview
- Work Teams Overview
- Leading in Organizations Overview
- Leadership Theory Overview
- Communication in the Workplace Overview
- Controlling in Organizations Overview
- Human Resources Overview
- Strategic Management & Managerial Decision Making Overview
- Production & Quality Assurance Overview
- International Management & Contemporary Issues Overview