About This Chapter
Motivation and Needs in Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter addresses motivation and needs theories and looks at some causes of motivation. You'll learn to differentiate between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation then look at some specific needs, like hunger. When you've watched all the lessons in this chapter, you'll be familiar with:
- Three main theories of motivation
- Definition of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation
- Three basic psychological needs
- Steps and resolutions in cognitive dissonance
- Situational cues for anger and fear
|Intro to Motivation||Define motivation and discuss instinct, drive reduction and arousal theories of motivation.|
|Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Education: Definition & Examples||Explain these two types of motivation using examples.|
|Self-Determination Theory: Capacity, Strategy & Control Beliefs||Define this theory and discuss the three basic psychological needs. Examine types of self-determined behavior.|
|The Theory of Cognitive Dissonance in Psychology||Describe how the need to avoid cognitive dissonance can be a motivator.|
|Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs||Analyze the five levels of needs in Maslow's hierarchy and how needs affect motivation.|
|The Expectancy Value Theory of Motivation||Discuss this theory using examples.|
|Hunger||Examine physical and psychological factors of hunger and describe how hunger motivates individuals.|
|Situational Cues for Anger, Fear, Anxiety & Curiosity||Describe the situational cues giving rise to anger and fear. Examine curiosity and anxiety cues.|
1. Theories of Motivation: Instinct, Drive Reduction & Arousal
Motivation is a word we've all heard: whether we're asked if we're feeling motivated or, even, what our motivations are. Where does the desire to do something come from? This lesson presents and explains three of the main theories on motivation.
2. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation in Education: Definition & Examples
Intrinsic and extrinsic are the two types of motivation. Learn more about intrinsic and extrinsic motivation from definitions and examples, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. Self-Determination Theory: Capacity, Strategy & Control Beliefs
How do you stay motivated? What motivates your peers and coworkers? Are rewards motivating factors or do people have an internal drive to persist until a given activity is completed? This lesson will describe a theory that encompasses both intrinsic and extrinsic motivators: the self-determination theory.
4. The Theory of Cognitive Dissonance in Psychology
What happens when a person's beliefs and actions don't line up? And how do people deal with their feelings when that happens? Explore this lesson for information on psychologist Leon Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance.
5. The Expectancy-Value Theory of Motivation
This lesson discusses how our expectations about a task and the value we place on our goals influence how we behave. You'll also have a chance to consider some surprising ideas about success and failure.
6. Understanding Hunger: Physical & Psychological Factors
Finding a way to address our hunger is one of the main motivators we have as living beings. But hunger isn't all about your stomach; your brain plays a key role in how you get the message that it's time to refuel. Watch this lesson for details on how hunger works from the brain's perspective.
7. Situational Cues for Anger, Fear, Anxiety & Curiosity
In this lesson, you'll think about what might happen in your environment to trigger anger, fear, anxiety and curiosity. Find out how this can differ from person to person, and explore the ways in which these emotions are related.
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Other chapters within the Psychology: High School course
- History of Modern Psychology
- Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology
- Data Collection in Psychological Research
- Sampling in Psychological Research
- Measurement in Psychological Research
- Statistics in Psychological Research
- Evaluating Research Findings in Psychology
- Biological Bases of Behavior in Psychology
- Sensation & Perception in Psychology
- Emotion in Psychology
- Stress in Psychology
- Basics of Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Biological Development in Psychology
- Sensory & Perceptual Development in Psychology
- Cognitive Development in Psychology
- Physical Development & Psychology
- Social Development in Psychology
- Personality Development & Theories
- Learning & Conditioning in Psychology
- Memory & Cognition in Psychology
- Intelligence Testing in Psychology
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Basics of Social Psychology
- Abnormal Psychology Basics
- Theories of Abnormal Psychology
- Abnormal Disorders in Psychology
- Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Psychology