About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering business management material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about business management. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding key motivators of human behavior or the applications of theories by the likes of Maslow, Herzberg and Alderfer
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning business (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about motivation theory
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra business learning resources
How It Works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Motivation Theory chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Motivation Theory chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any motivation theory question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a motivation theory unit of a standard business management course. Topics covered include:
- Needs-based and behavior-based motivation theory
- Achievement-, affiliation- and power-based needs
- The equity theory of workplace motivation
- Self-fulfilling prophecy and the Pygmalion effect
- Applications of Herzberg's two-factor theory
- Maslow's hierarchy of needs
- Vroom's expectancy theory
- Alderfer's ERG (existence, relatedness, growth) theory
- Thorndike's reinforcement theory
- Locke's goal-setting model
- The uses of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards
- Employee empowerment
1. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based
There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.
2. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation
Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.
3. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort
Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.
4. The Pygmalion Effect: Influencing Employee Behavior
Setting expectations for employee performance and behavior is one of the primary responsibilities of management. This lesson defines the Pygmalion Effect and describes how it is used to influence employee behavior.
5. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation
This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.
6. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
7. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation
Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.
8. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace
Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.
9. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees
In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.
10. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.
11. Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards
Have you ever wondered why some employees are more motivated than others to work at a higher level of productivity? This lesson explains how managers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to reinforce positive employee behavior.
12. How to Empower Employees & Improve Employee Performance
Empowered employees have the potential to reach high levels of productivity because they feel in control of their jobs. This lesson will describe how a manager can empower an employee to motivate employee performance.
13. What Is Public Relations? - Definition & Examples
If you have ever been to a concert or sporting event sponsored by a business, you've been exposed to public relations. In this lesson, you'll learn what public relations are and be provided some examples. A short quiz follows.
14. What Is Cultural Awareness in Business? - Definition & Examples
Cultural awareness is about making the proper responses/accommodations to behaviors/norms exhibited by people from outside of one's own culture. This lesson reviews two major categories of cultural differences: food and modesty.
15. What Is Employee Motivation? - Theories, Methods & Factors
Motivated employees are essential to the success of an organization. In this lesson, you'll learn about some theories of motivation, methods and factors to consider. You'll have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
16. What is the Pomodoro Technique?
Having too much to do can be distracting and leave us feeling stressed. Finding a way to manage our time more effectively so that we get our tasks done and not feel run-down is key. In this lesson, we will learn a technique that can do just that.
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Other chapters within the Business Management: Help & Review course
- Introduction to Management: Help & Review
- Leadership Types and Styles: Help & Review
- Individual Decision Making
- Management Theory: Help & Review
- Strategic Management: Help & Review
- Human Resources Management: Help & Review
- Labor Relations: Help & Review
- Managerial Accounting: Help & Review
- International Business Management: Help & Review
- Business Ethics: Help & Review
- Tuition Reimbursement: Help & Review
- Using Kanban in Business Management: Help & Review
- Accounting Basics for Entrepreneurs
- Business Law for Entrepreneurs
- Contract Enforcement & Administration
- U.S. Labor Law in the Private Sector Post-1960
- HR Management
- Rights, Ethics & Employment