About This Chapter
Motivation Theory - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Proper motivation can improve productivity in the workplace. This chapter focuses on the theories that are used to influence employee motivation. Short video lessons will include information on both theory and practice as they guide you through the processes involved in motivating and reinforcing behaviors. Check out the quizzes included throughout the chapter to test your progress. This chapter includes information that will help you:
- Explain the Hawthorne Effect and employee productivity
- Detail Maslow's hierarchy of need and Alderfer's variation
- Differentiate between Theory X and Theory Y
- Understand different theories describing employee motivation
- Describe Acquired Needs Theory
- Summarize Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory and Locke's Goal-Setting Theory
|The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity||Connect the Hawthorne Effect and how it impacts the workplace.|
|The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs||Analyze Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and how it relates to motivation.|
|Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers||Compare the two types of managers outlined by Theory X and Theory Y.|
|Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based||Classify the schools of thought related to workplace motivation.|
|Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation||Analyze Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory and how it is important to employee motivation.|
|Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace||Contrast how Alderfer's hierarchy of needs differs from Maslow's.|
|Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation||Decide which needs impact us through the acquired needs theory.|
|Equity Theory of Motivation in Management: Definition, Examples & Quiz||Explain how John Stacey Adams' equity theory impacts the workplace.|
|Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation||Summarize the criteria set aside in Vroom's expectancy theory and why that criteria is significant.|
|Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees||Assess Thorndike's reinforcement theory and its use of consequences.|
|Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation||Consider how Locke's Goal-Setting Theory highlights the use of clear and challenging goals.|
|Self-determination & Cognitive Evaluation Theories: Employee Motivation||Evaluate Self-determination Theory and Cognitive Evaluation Theory.|
1. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity
Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.
2. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
3. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers
Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.
4. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based
There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.
5. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation
This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.
6. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace
Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.
7. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation
Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.
8. Equity Theory of Motivation in Management: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you'll learn the fundamental principles of John Stacey Adams' equity theory and understand how it can affect the workplace. You will also be able to test your knowledge with a quiz.
9. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation
Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.
10. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees
In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.
11. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.
12. Self-determination & Cognitive Evaluation Theories: Employee Motivation
In this lesson, you will learn about the self-determination theory and Cognitive Evaluation Theory of motivation. Find out how the principles of these theories can explain employee motivation in the workplace.
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Other chapters within the Business 307: Leadership & Organizational Behavior course
- Overview of Organizational Behavior
- Leadership in Organizations
- Management Process & Strategy
- Diversity & Social Issues in Leadership
- Personality in Organizations
- Attitudes & Values in Organizations
- Perception & Attribution in Organizations
- Employee Morale & Motivation
- Types of Workplace Communication
- Work Teams & Group Behavior
- Team Decision Making
- Conflict in Organizations
- Organizational Structure & Design
- Job Design in Organizations
- Organizational & Company Culture
- Business Ethics & Issues
- Change in Organizations
- Globalization & Organizational Behavior
- Required Assignments for Business 307
- Studying for Business 307