About This Chapter
MTEL Adult Basic Education: American Government - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter provide you with a review of the basics of American government, including principles, beliefs, and notable documents. This chapter will teach you how to:
- Articulate the core principles of the U.S. government
- Understand America's core values
- Explain division of power between national and state governments
- Describe the three branches of the U.S. government
- Summarize and analyze the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, and the Bill of Rights
- Understand the Electoral College, civil society and the Massachusetts Constitution
- Explain partisanship in U.S. politics
- Provide information about political parties, special interest groups and political participation
- Detail the responsibilities of U.S. citizenship
Use these lessons to prepare for the MTEL Adult Basic Education exam under the guidance of expert instructors. This chapter will present material relating to American government in easy-to-understand ways that will help you retain what you learn.
MTEL Adult Basic Education: American Government Objectives
The MTEL Adult Basic Education exam measures competency in various subject areas to ensure cooperation with educator licensing regulations. The American Government chapter of this study guide covers topics found on the history and social science portion of the exam, which constitutes about 10% of the MTEL Adult Basic Education test. This chapter's lessons help you review the content you'll need to be familiar with, and self-assessment quizzes introduce you to the types of questions you'll encounter on the actual exam.
The questions on the relevant portion of the exam are in multiple-choice form. The full exam includes 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response items, and four hours are provided for its completion.
1. The Core Principles of American Government
In this lesson, we will examine a few of the core principles of American government. We will pay special attention to the ideas of popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism.
2. The Declaration of Independence: Summary & Analysis
The Declaration of Independence is one of the most important documents in U.S. History and led to the country's independence from Great Britain. In this lesson, we will review the main components of this important document.
3. America's Core Values: Liberty, Equality & Self-Government
In this lesson, we will examine a few of America's core values. We will focus especially on liberty, self-government, equality, individualism, diversity, and unity.
4. The US Constitution: Preamble, Articles and Amendments
The U.S. Constitution is one of the most important documents in history. It establishes the government of the United States, and its first ten amendments, the Bill of Rights, assures every U.S. citizen the rights we have all come to hold dear.
5. The Bill of Rights: Summary & Analysis
Why do Americans have certain freedoms? This lesson reviews the events leading to the Bill of Rights. It also summarizes each of the ten amendments and analyzes the importance of each one.
6. Division of Powers Between the National Government and the States
The U.S. Constitution uses federalism to divide governmental powers between the federal government and the individual state governments. This lesson explores this division of powers by looking at Supreme Court decisions.
7. The 3 Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative, Judicial
In 1787, leaders from each of the states gathered to write the United States Constitution. The Constitution sets out how our nation is governed and creates a system that separates powers between different branches. This lesson explores the three branches of our federal government.
8. Massachusetts Constitution of 1780
In this lesson we explore the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780. Written by three renowned figures in colonial history, the constitution is considered a precursor to the U.S. Constitution written seven years later.
9. Civil Society and Citizenship
Citizenship and civil society are important concepts in the study of political science. In this lesson, you'll learn what citizenship is and what it means for people that hold it. You'll also learn about the important role of civil society in a democracy.
10. The Electoral College: Definition & Process
In the U.S., our presidential elections are decided using the Electoral College. The system is meant to balance election power between the federal and state governments. This lesson explains what the Electoral College is and how it works.
11. Political Party: Definition, Function, Organization & Mobilization
The following lesson will introduce you to the concept of political parties in the United States government. A short quiz will follow to check your understanding.
12. Special Interest Groups & Activists: Definition & Examples
Businesses and society are often tasked with finding a method to have their special interests heard. In this lesson, you will learn how special interest groups and activists impact how decisions and regulations are implemented.
13. What is Political Participation? - Definition, Forms & Examples
Through this lesson, you will learn what defines political participation, explore some examples, and gain insight into why political participation matters in democratic societies.
14. Partisanship in U.S. Elections
Partisanship can create several different types of election results. This lesson explores partisan election results, including realigning elections, maintaining elections, deviating elections and reinstating elections.
15. US Citizenship: Process & Responsibilities
This lesson will delineate the procedure of U.S. naturalization. It will also explain the responsibilities and mandatory duties of citizenship, as well as the Selective Service Act.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Adult Basic Education: Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Grammar & Mechanics
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: The Writing Process
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Literary Genres & Devices
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Reading Comprehension
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: English as a Second Language
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Communication & Linguistics
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Number Sense
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Basic Algebraic Concepts
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Geometry & Measurement
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Analyzing & Using Data
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: American History to 1914
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: America in the 1900s
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Early World History Overview
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Worldwide Political & Economic Shifts
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Principles of Geography
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Life Science Concepts
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Human Body Systems
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Physical Science Principles
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Scientific Inquiry