Ch 18: MTEL Adult Basic Education: Human Body Systems

About This Chapter

This chapter reviews the functions and interrelationships of the systems of the human body. Through a review of these lessons, you will be able to refresh your knowledge in preparation for the biology section of the MTEL Adult Basic Education exam.

MTEL Adult Basic Education: Human Body Systems - Chapter Summary

Of the many marvelous aspects of the human body, there are two that are unfailingly fascinating. The first is how it all works, and the second is that it all works. Bodies as incredibly complex and finely balanced as ours stand as testimony to the overall beauty and wonder of living things. In these lessons, you will review the information shown below:

  • Definition and explanation of an organ system
  • Respiratory and circulatory systems
  • Lymphatic, endocrine and immune systems
  • Central and peripheral nervous system
  • Cleansing and excretion
  • Muscles and bones
  • Male and female reproductive anatomy
  • Upper and lower digestive tract

Our lessons are presented by highly qualified instructors, and reinforced by subject matter experts who are available for questions or consultation whenever the need arises. Lesson quizzes and chapter tests reinforce your retention of the material and help you gauge your progress, and the dashboard helps you stay on track.

MTEL Adult Basic Education: Human Body Systems Chapter Objectives

Successful completion of the MTEL Adult Basic Education exam is a requirement for certification as a teacher. Your performance on the test will be measured against a state-established body of criteria rather than against other candidates. The lessons in this chapter address objective 0014 under Subarea V: Science. This subarea contains approximately 11 questions and accounts for 10% of the total score.

There are 100 multiple-choice questions on the MTEL Adult Basic Education exam and two open-ended response questions. The test is taken entirely on computer. Both of the open-ended questions must be answered, and your responses should be from 150 to 300 words long.

15 Lessons in Chapter 18: MTEL Adult Basic Education: Human Body Systems
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is an Organ System? - Definition & Pictures

1. What Is an Organ System? - Definition & Pictures

In this lesson, you will learn what an organ system is, and you will review each organ system in the human body. This will aid in your study of human anatomy and physiology. At the end of the lesson, a quiz will test your knowledge.

The Human Circulatory System: Parts and Functions

2. The Human Circulatory System: Parts and Functions

In this lesson, you will take a ride on the transportation system of the body called the circulatory system and its two parts: the pulmonary circuit and the systemic circuit. Take a look inside and see how every inch of your body receives the oxygen and nutrients it needs.

How Our Lungs Work: Main Processes & Function

3. How Our Lungs Work: Main Processes & Function

Do you know what happens to the air that you breathe in? Learn how your lungs take in air to supply your body with oxygen and what waste gas is expelled from your lungs when you breathe out.

How the Human Immune System Works

4. How the Human Immune System Works

Your immune system protects you against microorganisms that could make you sick. It is made up of an army of white blood cells that work together to recognize and destroy the bad guys. Learn how your immune system and immunizations work.

Nervous System Overview: Central & Peripheral

5. Nervous System Overview: Central & Peripheral

What happens in your nervous system when you react to stimuli? Did you know that the brain is sometimes uninvolved with reflexes? Find out the answer to these questions, and more, in this lesson on the human nervous system.

The Brain: Structure and Function

6. The Brain: Structure and Function

Your brain is in charge of telling the rest of your body what to do. Learn about the parts of your brain including the cerebrum, the cerebellum, the brain stem and the pituitary gland and how they help you live, play and grow.

Excretory System

7. Excretory System

Each year in the U.S., close to 400,000 people with kidney failure undergo dialysis treatment in order to remove waste, remove excess fluid and restore electrolyte balance. Kidneys, the workhorses of the excretory system, perform these same functions more effectively than any machine. In this lesson, we'll talk about how the excretory system removes toxic substances from the body.

Skeletal System and Muscular System

8. Skeletal System and Muscular System

Do you know how many bones are in the human body? Check out this video lesson to uncover the answer, as well as understand the role and importance of the skeletal and muscular systems.

The Lymphatic System: Definition and Fundamental Components

9. The Lymphatic System: Definition and Fundamental Components

This lesson will cover something known as the lymphatic system. You'll learn about bone marrow, lymph, the thymus, lymph nodes, spleen, and much more as we explore this critical component of your immune system.

Male Reproductive System: External Anatomy

10. Male Reproductive System: External Anatomy

Learn about the structure and function of the external reproductive structures of the male. This includes study of the scrotal sac, the parts of the penis and the erectile tissues.

Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

11. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

Ever wonder where a female produces her eggs or how they get from the ovary to the uterus? Find out in this lesson about the internal reproductive anatomy of females.

External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

12. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

We all know that men and women are different. But just how different are they? Learn a little more about the differences between men and women in this lesson on female external reproductive anatomy.

Digestive System I: The Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

13. Digestive System I: The Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

Did you know that there are digestive enzymes in your saliva? It's true. As soon as you put a piece of food in your mouth, the digestive process begins. Join us with this first of two lessons about the human digestive system, where we'll follow food through the upper gastrointestinal tract from the mouth through the stomach.

Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract

14. Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract

The lower gastrointestinal tract is the part of the digestive system that is responsible for the last part of food digestion and the expulsion of waste from the body. In this lesson, we'll look at each part of the system and what functions each serves in the process of digestion.

Endocrine System Function & Hormone Regulation

15. Endocrine System Function & Hormone Regulation

Our hormones play a big part in how we feel and behave throughout the day. Hormones also affect important bodily functions. What other functions do our hormones regulate? Find out in this lesson on the endocrine system!

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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