About This Chapter
MTEL Adult Basic Education: Human Body Systems - Chapter Summary
Of the many marvelous aspects of the human body, there are two that are unfailingly fascinating. The first is how it all works, and the second is that it all works. Bodies as incredibly complex and finely balanced as ours stand as testimony to the overall beauty and wonder of living things. In these lessons, you will review the information shown below:
- Definition and explanation of an organ system
- Respiratory and circulatory systems
- Lymphatic, endocrine and immune systems
- Central and peripheral nervous system
- Cleansing and excretion
- Muscles and bones
- Male and female reproductive anatomy
- Upper and lower digestive tract
Our lessons are presented by highly qualified instructors, and reinforced by subject matter experts who are available for questions or consultation whenever the need arises. Lesson quizzes and chapter tests reinforce your retention of the material and help you gauge your progress, and the dashboard helps you stay on track.
MTEL Adult Basic Education: Human Body Systems Chapter Objectives
Successful completion of the MTEL Adult Basic Education exam is a requirement for certification as a teacher. Your performance on the test will be measured against a state-established body of criteria rather than against other candidates. The lessons in this chapter address objective 0014 under Subarea V: Science. This subarea contains approximately 11 questions and accounts for 10% of the total score.
There are 100 multiple-choice questions on the MTEL Adult Basic Education exam and two open-ended response questions. The test is taken entirely on computer. Both of the open-ended questions must be answered, and your responses should be from 150 to 300 words long.
1. What Is an Organ System? - Definition & Pictures
In this lesson, you will learn what an organ system is, and you will review each organ system in the human body. This will aid in your study of human anatomy and physiology. At the end of the lesson, a quiz will test your knowledge.
2. The Human Circulatory System: Parts and Functions
In this lesson, you will take a ride on the transportation system of the body called the circulatory system and its two parts: the pulmonary circuit and the systemic circuit. Take a look inside and see how every inch of your body receives the oxygen and nutrients it needs.
3. How Our Lungs Work: Main Processes & Function
Do you know what happens to the air that you breathe in? Learn how your lungs take in air to supply your body with oxygen and what waste gas is expelled from your lungs when you breathe out.
4. How the Human Immune System Works
Your immune system protects you against microorganisms that could make you sick. It is made up of an army of white blood cells that work together to recognize and destroy the bad guys. Learn how your immune system and immunizations work.
5. Nervous System Overview: Central & Peripheral
What happens in your nervous system when you react to stimuli? Did you know that the brain is sometimes uninvolved with reflexes? Find out the answer to these questions, and more, in this lesson on the human nervous system.
6. The Brain: Structure and Function
Your brain is in charge of telling the rest of your body what to do. Learn about the parts of your brain including the cerebrum, the cerebellum, the brain stem and the pituitary gland and how they help you live, play and grow.
7. Excretory System
Each year in the U.S., close to 400,000 people with kidney failure undergo dialysis treatment in order to remove waste, remove excess fluid and restore electrolyte balance. Kidneys, the workhorses of the excretory system, perform these same functions more effectively than any machine. In this lesson, we'll talk about how the excretory system removes toxic substances from the body.
8. Skeletal System and Muscular System
Do you know how many bones are in the human body? Check out this video lesson to uncover the answer, as well as understand the role and importance of the skeletal and muscular systems.
9. The Lymphatic System: Definition and Fundamental Components
This lesson will cover something known as the lymphatic system. You'll learn about bone marrow, lymph, the thymus, lymph nodes, spleen, and much more as we explore this critical component of your immune system.
10. Male Reproductive System: External Anatomy
Learn about the structure and function of the external reproductive structures of the male. This includes study of the scrotal sac, the parts of the penis and the erectile tissues.
11. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy
Ever wonder where a female produces her eggs or how they get from the ovary to the uterus? Find out in this lesson about the internal reproductive anatomy of females.
12. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System
We all know that men and women are different. But just how different are they? Learn a little more about the differences between men and women in this lesson on female external reproductive anatomy.
13. Digestive System I: The Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
Did you know that there are digestive enzymes in your saliva? It's true. As soon as you put a piece of food in your mouth, the digestive process begins. Join us with this first of two lessons about the human digestive system, where we'll follow food through the upper gastrointestinal tract from the mouth through the stomach.
14. Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
The lower gastrointestinal tract is the part of the digestive system that is responsible for the last part of food digestion and the expulsion of waste from the body. In this lesson, we'll look at each part of the system and what functions each serves in the process of digestion.
15. Endocrine System Function & Hormone Regulation
Our hormones play a big part in how we feel and behave throughout the day. Hormones also affect important bodily functions. What other functions do our hormones regulate? Find out in this lesson on the endocrine system!
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Other chapters within the MTEL Adult Basic Education (55): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Grammar & Mechanics
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: The Writing Process
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Literary Genres & Devices
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Reading Comprehension
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: English as a Second Language
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Communication & Linguistics
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Number Sense
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Basic Algebraic Concepts
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Geometry & Measurement
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Analyzing & Using Data
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: American History to 1914
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: America in the 1900s
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Early World History Overview
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Worldwide Political & Economic Shifts
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: American Government
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Principles of Geography
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Life Science Concepts
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Physical Science Principles
- MTEL Adult Basic Education: Scientific Inquiry
- MTEL Adult Basic Education Flashcards