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Ch 27: MTEL Biology: Gross Anatomy of Muscular System

About This Chapter

Let us help you review what you need to know about gross anatomy of the muscular system for the MTEL Biology Exam. These video lessons and self-assessment quizzes give you several approaches that can help you answer questions about this topic correctly.

MTEL Biology: Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter can help you refresh your memory and recall what you learned in college about gross anatomy of the muscular system. Our videos cover all the topics you need to know for the exam, including:

  • Muscle levers and muscle efficiency
  • Muscular contraction and articulation
  • Muscle origin and insertion
  • Head, neck and vertebral muscles
  • Axial muscles
  • Shoulder and arm muscles
  • Hip muscles
  • Thigh and leg muscles

Our experienced instructors go over each type of muscle and how it functions so that you are prepared for the test. By utilizing our different approaches to learning, it becomes easier to identify the main points you need to know. Plus, the lessons are fun.

Objectives of the MTEL Biology: Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System Chapter

The MTEL Biology Exam is a comprehensive evaluation of your knowledge and understanding of the entire field of biology. It is used to determine your readiness for a teacher's license in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in this Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System chapter are part of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Objective which makes up 14% of the test questions. By taking our self-assessment quizzes, you can check on your comprehension of the material and get practice answer the types of questions that will appear on the exam.

There are two types of questions on the MTEL Biology Exam. There are 100 multiple-choice test items accounting for 80% of the score. These present you with a passage or questions followed by several possible responses from which you must select the correct one. There are also two open-response test items accounting for 20% of the score. These may be in any area of biology, and evaluate your ability to integrate what you have learned into a cohesive argument and essay.

12 Lessons in Chapter 27: MTEL Biology: Gross Anatomy of Muscular System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
How Muscle Levers Affect Muscle Efficiency

1. How Muscle Levers Affect Muscle Efficiency

Muscular contraction creates force to move the weight of our body and body parts. This lesson describes the three lever systems utilized by our body to create movement. The efficiency of each lever type in terms of strength, speed and distance are identified along with examples.

How Muscular Contraction Causes Articulation: Definition & Types

2. How Muscular Contraction Causes Articulation: Definition & Types

Skeletal muscle contraction causes all types of movement. Movement at our joints is referred to as articulation. All articulation is described in reference to the anatomical position, and most articulations are identified in opposite pairs. This lesson identifies and describes the major articulations of the human body.

Muscle Origin and Insertion: Definition and Actions

3. Muscle Origin and Insertion: Definition and Actions

Did you know that groups of muscles are needed for various body movements? Skeletal muscles attached to bone are responsible for movement and support. Muscles work in groups to produce a particular movement. This lesson describes how muscle origins and insertions dictate the type of movement that occurs when a muscle contracts.

Muscles of the Head and Neck: Anatomy, Motion & Support

4. Muscles of the Head and Neck: Anatomy, Motion & Support

The muscles of the head and neck are responsible for a variety of movements, including facial expression, mastication, and eye movement, in addition to moving the head. This lesson identifies and describes the major muscles of the head and neck along with their general action.

Muscles of the Vertebral Column: Support & Movement

5. Muscles of the Vertebral Column: Support & Movement

Did you know that lower back pain can be caused by injury to muscles attached to the vertebral column? This lesson identifies and describes the major erector spinae muscles responsible for erect posture and movement.

Axial Muscles: Trunk Muscles Anatomy & Support

6. Axial Muscles: Trunk Muscles Anatomy & Support

The trunk or torso of the human body contains several important muscle groups that aid in breathing and provide support to other parts of our anatomy. This lesson explores the location and function of the major axial muscles.

Shoulder Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

7. Shoulder Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

The shoulder contains muscles that not only stabilize the shoulder but also move the arm. This lesson identifies and describes the muscles responsible for shoulder positioning, adduction, abduction, flexion, extension and shoulder rotation.

Arm Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

8. Arm Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

Did you know that push-ups require contraction of the triceps brachii? The muscles that move the forearm can be categorized based on general action. This lesson identifies the major forearm flexors, extensors, supinators and pronators.

Forearm Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

9. Forearm Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

Did you know the muscles that move the hand, fingers and thumb are located in the forearm? This lesson identifies and describes the major muscles that flex and extend the wrist, fingers and thumb.

Hip Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

10. Hip Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

Did you know the gluteal muscles of the buttocks are among the strongest in the body? These muscles, along with other muscles, originate from the pelvic girdle and insert on the femur, producing movement of the thigh.

Thigh Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

11. Thigh Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

Did you know the thigh is the part of the lower appendage proximal to the knee? The muscles of the thigh move the leg at the knee. This lesson will identify the major muscles involved in flexion and extension of the leg at the knee, including the hamstrings and quadriceps femoris groups.

Leg Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

12. Leg Muscles: Anatomy, Support & Movement

The larger muscles that move the foot and toes are located in the leg, while smaller muscles are located in the foot. This lesson describes the major muscles responsible for the various movements of the foot at the ankle and the toes.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Biology (13): Practice & Study Guide course

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