Ch 7: MTEL Biology: Organic Chemistry Foundations

About This Chapter

The Organic Chemistry Foundations chapter refreshes your memory on some fundamental subject matter that'll possibly appear in questions on your MTEL Biology test. Video and text lessons can be referenced to strengthen your familiarity.

MTEL Biology: Organic Chemistry Foundations - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter will help ensure that you are well-grounded in basic concepts pertaining to organic chemistry. The content across the chapter delves into the following topics concerned with MTEL Biology test objectives:

  • Composition and role of carbohydrates
  • The makeup and function of lipids
  • Various functions of protein
  • Amino acids and peptide bonds
  • The four higher order protein structures
  • Functional groups, monomers and polymers

You'll find some key terms in the lesson transcripts that link you to additional text lessons for further review. The quick practice quizzes throughout the chapter let you double-check your understanding of each lesson.

Objectives of the MTEL Biology: Organic Chemistry Foundations Chapter

The MTEL Biology exam determines if your level of familiarity with the subject qualifies you for teacher licensure across Massachusetts. Any multiple-choice questions on the exam that you see involving this chapter will be among the Chemistry of Life and Cell Biology subarea's 16 to 18 items. The two items on the test that require you to write your response may target content in this chapter.

8 Lessons in Chapter 7: MTEL Biology: Organic Chemistry Foundations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups

1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups

If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.

Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers

2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers

From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.

Structure and Function of Lipids

3. Structure and Function of Lipids

Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.

Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

4. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.

Proteins I: Structure and Function

5. Proteins I: Structure and Function

We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.

Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds

6. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds

In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.

Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids

7. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids

How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.

Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure

8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure

How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Biology (13): Practice & Study Guide course

Support