About This Chapter
MTEL Biology: Plant Structures and Functions - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter will refresh your memory on the subject of plant structures and functions in preparation for the MTEL Biology Exam. They cover all the topics you will need to know, including:
- Vascular, nonvascular, monocot and dicot
- Stems, shoot systems and leaf structure
- Root tissue and system growth
- Nitrogen fixation
- Xylem and phloem
- The pollination process and generational alternation
- Asexual plant reproduction
- Day and seasonal cycles
- Plant hormones
Our expert instructors review each topic with you and point out the most important material so it is foremost in your mind for the test. By having several didactic approaches, the information you need to learn is presented in a number of ways, making it easier to learn and more enjoyable.
Objectives of the MTEL Biology: Plant Structures and Functions Chapter
The MTEL Biology Exam evaluates your knowledge and understanding of all the topics that fall within the range of 'biology'. Your score determines whether you are eligible for a teacher's license in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in the Plant Structures and Functions chapter fall within the Characteristics of Organisms Objective which will have 16-18 multiple-choice items on the test. By taking the self-assessment quizzes that follow the video lessons, you'll be able to see how much you know and how much you have left to study. Plus, you'll gain experience answer the kinds of questions that will appear on the test.
There are 100 multiple-choice items and 2 open-response items on the MTEL Biology Exam. The multiple-choice items require you to read a passage or question and select the best answer from several given to you. The open-response items look at how well you can integrate information on biology into a cogent, logical, well-written essay.
1. Classification of Vascular, Nonvascular, Monocot & Dicot Plants
Plants may not seem like the most interesting things around, but they are definitely useful. In this lesson, we will explore the basic classification of plants and the unique characteristics of each group.
2. Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers
Leaves may look pretty in the fall when they are changing colors, but they also provide many necessary functions for plants. In this lesson, we will explore the structures and functions of leaves.
3. Root Tissue & System Growth
Roots are out of sight and out of mind, but they are essential to plants. We'll explore the functions and structures of roots, and how they grow in this lesson.
4. Nitrogen Fixation: Significance to Plants and Humans
Almost 80% of our atmosphere is nitrogen, but we can't use it. We will look at how this unusable nitrogen is converted into a form we can use and why nitrogen is important to plants and humans.
5. Xylem: The Effect of Transpiration and Cohesion on Function
Roots absorb water and leaves release water, but how does water move up a plant? In this lesson, we will look at how this happens in vascular plants, including the importance of xylem, cohesion and transpiration in the process.
6. Phloem: The Pressure Flow Hypothesis of Food Movement
Leaves produce sugars and stems; roots and fruits use these sugars for energy. In this lesson, we will look at how these sugars move throughout vascular plants, including the importance of phloem and the pressure flow hypothesis in the process.
7. Pollination Process: Male & Female Flower Components
In this lesson, we'll learn about the pollination process and the components in plants that make this possible. We'll also learn about the various forms of pollination and how they work.
8. Alternation of Generations: The Gametophyte and Sporophyte
Even though many plants seem simple, they often have very complex life cycles. We will look at how plants alternate between different life stages as well as the terms used to describe these unique points in their life cycle.
9. Asexual Plant Reproduction: Vegetative Propagation and Bulbs
Not all plants make attractive flowers in order to reproduce. Some plants will not make seeds and pollen either. These plants have other ways to create new offspring. We will look at a few key methods of vegetative propagation.
10. Tropisms: Phototropic, Geotropic and Thigmotropic Plant Growth
Animals aren't the only things that can respond to the environment. While plants may seem inanimate at times, they, too, can respond to the environment in order to better survive.
11. How Daily & Seasonal Cycles Affect Plants
Plants live on a planet with days and seasons, and that affects their behavior. Learn about the daily and seasonal cycles of plants, and see how much you've learned with a quiz.
12. Plant Hormones: Chemical Control of Growth and Reproduction
We most often think of hormones as things that control our actions and development. However, even plants have these chemicals to help regulate growth and reproduction.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Biology (13): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Biology: Scientific Inquiry
- MTEL Biology: Scientific Processes
- MTEL Biology: Analysis & Interpretation of Data
- MTEL Biology: Using Laboratory Equipment
- MTEL Biology: History & Issues in Science
- MTEL Biology: Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry
- MTEL Biology: Organic Chemistry Foundations
- MTEL Biology: Overview of Biochemistry
- MTEL Biology: Cell Biology
- MTEL Biology: Prokaryotic Cells
- MTEL Biology: Cell Communication
- MTEL Biology: Protists, Fungi & Viruses
- MTEL Biology: Plant Cells
- MTEL Biology: Cell Reproduction & Division
- MTEL Biology: Basic Biochemistry of Life
- MTEL Biology: Microbiology & Types of Microbes
- MTEL Biology: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory & Musculoskeleton Systems
- MTEL Biology: The Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- MTEL Biology: Reproduction & Development
- MTEL Biology: Introduction to Disease
- MTEL Biology: Disorders & Diseases of the Body Systems
- MTEL Biology: Diabetes, Arthritis & Genetic & Neurological Disorders
- MTEL Biology: Fundamental Body Tissues
- MTEL Biology: Connective Tissue
- MTEL Biology: Muscular System
- MTEL Biology: Gross Anatomy of Muscular System
- MTEL Biology: Skeletal System
- MTEL Biology: Skin Disorders
- MTEL Biology: Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System
- MTEL Biology: Human Genetics
- MTEL Biology: DNA Replication
- MTEL Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process
- MTEL Biology: Genetic Mutation, Variability & Engineering
- MTEL Biology: Evolution
- MTEL Biology: History of Life
- MTEL Biology: Taxonomic Systems
- MTEL Biology: Ecology
- MTEL Biology: Ecosystems & Biomes
- MTEL Biology: Renewable Resources
- MTEL Biology: Environmental Pollution
- MTEL Biology: Global Warming & Environmental Issues
- MTEL Biology Flashcards