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Ch 16: MTEL Biology: Plant Structures & Functions

About This Chapter

Find out about plant structures and functions in preparation for the MTEL Biology Exam. Our chapter lessons and self-assessment quizzes give you different types of learning methods that help you correctly answer questions on these topics.

MTEL Biology: Plant Structures and Functions - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter will refresh your memory on the subject of plant structures and functions in preparation for the MTEL Biology Exam. They cover all the topics you will need to know, including:

  • Vascular, nonvascular, monocot and dicot
  • Stems, shoot systems and leaf structure
  • Root tissue and system growth
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Xylem and phloem
  • The pollination process and generational alternation
  • Asexual plant reproduction
  • Tropisms
  • Day and seasonal cycles
  • Plant hormones

Our expert instructors review each topic with you and point out the most important material so it is foremost in your mind for the test. By having several didactic approaches, the information you need to learn is presented in a number of ways, making it easier to learn and more enjoyable.

Objectives of the MTEL Biology: Plant Structures and Functions Chapter

The MTEL Biology Exam evaluates your knowledge and understanding of all the topics that fall within the range of 'biology'. Your score determines whether you are eligible for a teacher's license in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in the Plant Structures and Functions chapter fall within the Characteristics of Organisms Objective which will have 16-18 multiple-choice items on the test. By taking the self-assessment quizzes that follow the video lessons, you'll be able to see how much you know and how much you have left to study. Plus, you'll gain experience answer the kinds of questions that will appear on the test.

There are 100 multiple-choice items and 2 open-response items on the MTEL Biology Exam. The multiple-choice items require you to read a passage or question and select the best answer from several given to you. The open-response items look at how well you can integrate information on biology into a cogent, logical, well-written essay.

12 Lessons in Chapter 16: MTEL Biology: Plant Structures & Functions
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Classification of Vascular, Nonvascular, Monocot & Dicot Plants

1. Classification of Vascular, Nonvascular, Monocot & Dicot Plants

Plants may not seem like the most interesting things around, but they are definitely useful. In this lesson, we will explore the basic classification of plants and the unique characteristics of each group.

Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers

2. Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers

Leaves may look pretty in the fall when they are changing colors, but they also provide many necessary functions for plants. In this lesson, we will explore the structures and functions of leaves.

Root Tissue & System Growth

3. Root Tissue & System Growth

Roots are out of sight and out of mind, but they are essential to plants. We'll explore the functions and structures of roots, and how they grow in this lesson.

Nitrogen Fixation: Significance to Plants and Humans

4. Nitrogen Fixation: Significance to Plants and Humans

Almost 80% of our atmosphere is nitrogen, but we can't use it. We will look at how this unusable nitrogen is converted into a form we can use and why nitrogen is important to plants and humans.

Xylem: The Effect of Transpiration and Cohesion on Function

5. Xylem: The Effect of Transpiration and Cohesion on Function

Roots absorb water and leaves release water, but how does water move up a plant? In this lesson, we will look at how this happens in vascular plants, including the importance of xylem, cohesion and transpiration in the process.

Phloem: The Pressure Flow Hypothesis of Food Movement

6. Phloem: The Pressure Flow Hypothesis of Food Movement

Leaves produce sugars and stems; roots and fruits use these sugars for energy. In this lesson, we will look at how these sugars move throughout vascular plants, including the importance of phloem and the pressure flow hypothesis in the process.

Pollination Process: Male & Female Flower Components

7. Pollination Process: Male & Female Flower Components

In this lesson, we'll learn about the pollination process and the components in plants that make this possible. We'll also learn about the various forms of pollination and how they work.

Alternation of Generations: The Gametophyte and Sporophyte

8. Alternation of Generations: The Gametophyte and Sporophyte

Even though many plants seem simple, they often have very complex life cycles. We will look at how plants alternate between different life stages as well as the terms used to describe these unique points in their life cycle.

Asexual Plant Reproduction: Vegetative Propagation and Bulbs

9. Asexual Plant Reproduction: Vegetative Propagation and Bulbs

Not all plants make attractive flowers in order to reproduce. Some plants will not make seeds and pollen either. These plants have other ways to create new offspring. We will look at a few key methods of vegetative propagation.

Tropisms: Phototropic, Geotropic and Thigmotropic Plant Growth

10. Tropisms: Phototropic, Geotropic and Thigmotropic Plant Growth

Animals aren't the only things that can respond to the environment. While plants may seem inanimate at times, they, too, can respond to the environment in order to better survive.

How Daily & Seasonal Cycles Affect Plants

11. How Daily & Seasonal Cycles Affect Plants

Plants live on a planet with days and seasons, and that affects their behavior. Learn about the daily and seasonal cycles of plants, and see how much you've learned with a quiz.

Plant Hormones: Chemical Control of Growth and Reproduction

12. Plant Hormones: Chemical Control of Growth and Reproduction

We most often think of hormones as things that control our actions and development. However, even plants have these chemicals to help regulate growth and reproduction.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other chapters within the MTEL Biology (13): Practice & Study Guide course

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