About This Chapter
MTEL Biology: The Nervous, Immune and Endocrine Systems - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter are designed to help you review the human nervous, immune and endocrine systems as you prepare for the MTEL Biology Exam. The videos go over all the important information that you need to know for the test, including:
- Homeostasis and temperature regulation
- Glucose homeostasis
- The nervous system and its functions
- Neurons: structures and functions
- The central peripheral, sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
- The brain and its components and functions
- The cerebral cortex
- Innate and acquired immunity
- Antibiotics, vaccines, pathogens, flu viruses, HIV, and immune system evasion
- Antibiotic resistance
Our expert instructors go over all the major points, highlighting the most important ones, in order to help you prepare for the test. Since the chapter has several didactic approaches, getting up to speed on all the topics you need to know is easier and more interesting.
MTEL Biology: The Nervous, Immune and Endocrine Systems Chapter Objectives
The MTEL Biology Exam is a comprehensive evaluation of your knowledge and understanding of all aspects of the field of biology. Your score on this Massachusetts exam is used to determine eligibility for a teacher's license. The topics in this Nervous, Immune and Endocrine Systems chapter are part of the Human Anatomy and Physiology subarea which comprises 14% of the test items. By taking the self-assessment quizzes attached to each lesson, you can evaluate your comprehension of the material and come to experience the kinds of questions that are likely to be on the exam.
The exam is made up of 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response assignments. The multiple-choice items account for 80% of your score whereas the open-response assignments make up 20%. The multiple-choice section gives you a passage or question followed by several response alternatives from which you must pick the correct one. The open-response items evaluate your ability to integrate your knowledge of biology and write an articulate essay on two biology-related subjects.
1. Homeostasis and Temperature Regulation in Humans
Do you wonder how your body is able to maintain a consistent temperature? Have you ever questioned why you get goosebumps when you're cold? This lesson will introduce you to homeostasis and answer your questions about body temperature regulation and reactions, like goosebumps.
2. Homeostasis of Glucose Levels: Hormonal Control and Diabetes
In this lesson, we'll look at how the body uses hormones to maintain homeostasis of blood glucose levels, what happens in people who have diabetes, and how diabetics can manage their disease.
3. Functions of the Nervous System
In this lesson, we'll watch Timmy as he plays in his backyard. Watch what happens when he tries to catch a butterfly, hears a mean dog bark, and scrapes his knee. All of Timmy's reactions are tied to his nervous system. For a full explanation of what goes on in the human nervous system, check out the video!
4. The Structure and Function of Neurons
In this video lesson, you'll learn about neurons, which are specialized cells in the nervous system. Check out how far neurons can send signals throughout the body and how depolarization is much like 'the wave' at a football game.
5. The Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems
Did you know that hammerhead sharks and platypuses share a special type of sensory neuron that humans and most other animals don't have? In this lesson, you'll find out what that sensory neuron and a whole lot of others can do. You'll also learn how the nervous system is organized and the differences between the central and peripheral nervous systems.
6. The Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous Systems
In this lesson, you'll learn about two subdivisions of the autonomic nervous system - the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Watch as a hiker, Phil, runs away from a terrifying bear and see how these systems react to the impending danger!
7. Brain Structures and Functions Part I
The brain's complexity can often be difficult to understand because it serves so many important functions. In this lesson, you'll get a little help from Nrr, the alien biologist, who will guide you through understanding the structure and functions of the human brain.
8. The Cerebral Cortex: Brain Structures and Functions Part II
Check out this video lesson to learn about the four lobes of the human brain - the frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal. You'll learn about the functions and processes of each region.
9. Innate Immunity: Inflammation, Neutrophils & Natural Killer Cells
You might already know how your body handles known infectious agents but how about unknown? Watch this video to explore your innate immune system - your body's defense against new bacteria and viruses.
10. Acquired Immunity: T Cells, B Cells and Antibodies
Have you ever wondered why some people don't ever seem to get sick? These people likely have an acquired immunity. Learn more about the immune system and how exposure to an illness one time can help your body to prevent that illness from ever occurring again.
11. Antibiotics and Vaccines
Do you know why children must get regularly vaccinated? Have you ever wondered how an antibiotic works and why they are so widely prescribed? If so, this lesson will help you to understand how changes in medicine have almost eliminated several deadly diseases and added decades to the average person's lifespan.
12. Flu Viruses, HIV and Immune System Evasion
Why is it that our immune systems can protect us from some viruses but not others? We've eradicated smallpox by using vaccines, so why do influenza and HIV remain such dangerous health risks? In this lesson about viruses, we'll explore these questions and learn how influenza and HIV continue to evade the human immune system.
13. Pathogens: Antibiotic Resistance and Virulence
Find out more about how the overuse of antibiotics could lead to some serious problems with epidemics or untreatable diseases in the future. You can also discover some of the things that make pathogens harmful and why pathogens don't cause disease in every species they infect.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Biology (13): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Biology: Scientific Inquiry
- MTEL Biology: Scientific Processes
- MTEL Biology: Analysis & Interpretation of Data
- MTEL Biology: Using Laboratory Equipment
- MTEL Biology: History & Issues in Science
- MTEL Biology: Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry
- MTEL Biology: Organic Chemistry Foundations
- MTEL Biology: Overview of Biochemistry
- MTEL Biology: Cell Biology
- MTEL Biology: Prokaryotic Cells
- MTEL Biology: Cell Communication
- MTEL Biology: Protists, Fungi & Viruses
- MTEL Biology: Plant Cells
- MTEL Biology: Cell Reproduction & Division
- MTEL Biology: Basic Biochemistry of Life
- MTEL Biology: Plant Structures & Functions
- MTEL Biology: Microbiology & Types of Microbes
- MTEL Biology: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory & Musculoskeleton Systems
- MTEL Biology: Reproduction & Development
- MTEL Biology: Introduction to Disease
- MTEL Biology: Disorders & Diseases of the Body Systems
- MTEL Biology: Diabetes, Arthritis & Genetic & Neurological Disorders
- MTEL Biology: Fundamental Body Tissues
- MTEL Biology: Connective Tissue
- MTEL Biology: Muscular System
- MTEL Biology: Gross Anatomy of Muscular System
- MTEL Biology: Skeletal System
- MTEL Biology: Skin Disorders
- MTEL Biology: Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System
- MTEL Biology: Human Genetics
- MTEL Biology: DNA Replication
- MTEL Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process
- MTEL Biology: Genetic Mutation, Variability & Engineering
- MTEL Biology: Evolution
- MTEL Biology: History of Life
- MTEL Biology: Taxonomic Systems
- MTEL Biology: Ecology
- MTEL Biology: Ecosystems & Biomes
- MTEL Biology: Renewable Resources
- MTEL Biology: Environmental Pollution
- MTEL Biology: Global Warming & Environmental Issues
- MTEL Biology Flashcards