Ch 33: MTEL Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process

About This Chapter

We can help you review everything you need to know about the transcription and translation process for the MTEL Biology Exam. Our video lessons and quizzes provide multiple avenues for revisiting the material so you can correctly answer topical test questions.

MTEL Biology: The Transcription and Translation Process - Chapter Summary

Use the lessons in this chapter for your review of the transcription and translation process to help you prepare for the MTEL Biology Exam. The video lessons cover all the topics you need to know, including:

  • Protein synthesis in the cell
  • Transcription of messenger RNA
  • Regulation of gene expression
  • Operons and the control of transcription in prokaryotic cells
  • RNA processing in a eukaryotic cell
  • Ribosomes and peptide bonds
  • Translation of mRNA to protein

Our experienced instructors go over every concept and term, highlighting the key terms you will need to know for the test. By having different types of didactic instruction, learning the ideas becomes much more efficient and even fun.

MTEL Biology: The Transcription and Translation Process Chapter Objectives

The MTEL Biology Exam is a comprehensive test of the entire field of biology. You will need a passing grade to obtain a teacher's license in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in this Transcription and Translation Process chapter can be found in the Genetics, Evolution and Biodiversity subarea of the exam. There will be 17-19 multiple-choice items covering this objective. By taking our self-assessment quizzes, you can check on your progress in mastering the material and also gain experience with the types of questions you'll find on the test.

There are both multiple-choice and open-response items on the MTEL Biology Exam. The 100 multiple-choice items present you with a passage or question and ask you to select the correct answer from among several possible answers presented to you. The open-response items, and there are two of them, check on your ability to integrate different areas of knowledge within biology. You will need to compose an essay, develop a logical argument and demonstrate your capacity to write a in a well-organized fashion.

7 Lessons in Chapter 33: MTEL Biology: The Transcription & Translation Process
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma

1. Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma

Learn the story of the central dogma and how it relates to protein synthesis. We'll use a simple analogy to explore the roles of transcription and translation in building protein from the DNA code. In this lesson, we'll also introduce the concept of a gene.

Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA

2. Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA

In this lesson, you will gain a thorough understanding of how transcription works. We will investigate how DNA is transcribed into RNA with the help of a promoter and RNA polymerase. Learn the purpose of messenger RNA and explore the three phases of transcription.

Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction

3. Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction

Do our genes work the same way all the time? How do we regulate the expression of our genes? Explore the various ways organisms control gene transcription through repression and induction of operons.

How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell

4. How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell

Is gene regulation really as simple as flipping a switch? What are the parts of an operon, and how do they function to control gene transcription? We'll study the lac operon to answer these questions.

RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons

5. RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons

In this lesson, we'll explore the unique considerations for gene regulation in the eukaryotic cell. We'll walk through RNA splicing of introns and exons and the addition of the 5' cap and poly(A) tail.

The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation

6. The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation

Ribosomes play a major role in the process of genetic translation. In this lesson, learn about the structure of ribosomes and how peptide bonds help to create chains of amino acids.

Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps

7. Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps

Translation, the second part of the central dogma of molecular biology, describes how the genetic code is used to make amino acid chains. In this lesson, explore the mechanics involved in polypeptide synthesis. Learn the three major steps of translation as you watch tRNA, mRNA, and ribosomes go to work.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Biology (13): Practice & Study Guide course

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