About This Chapter
MTEL Biology: The Transcription and Translation Process - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter for your review of the transcription and translation process to help you prepare for the MTEL Biology Exam. The video lessons cover all the topics you need to know, including:
- Protein synthesis in the cell
- Transcription of messenger RNA
- Regulation of gene expression
- Operons and the control of transcription in prokaryotic cells
- RNA processing in a eukaryotic cell
- Ribosomes and peptide bonds
- Translation of mRNA to protein
Our experienced instructors go over every concept and term, highlighting the key terms you will need to know for the test. By having different types of didactic instruction, learning the ideas becomes much more efficient and even fun.
MTEL Biology: The Transcription and Translation Process Chapter Objectives
The MTEL Biology Exam is a comprehensive test of the entire field of biology. You will need a passing grade to obtain a teacher's license in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in this Transcription and Translation Process chapter can be found in the Genetics, Evolution and Biodiversity subarea of the exam. There will be 17-19 multiple-choice items covering this objective. By taking our self-assessment quizzes, you can check on your progress in mastering the material and also gain experience with the types of questions you'll find on the test.
There are both multiple-choice and open-response items on the MTEL Biology Exam. The 100 multiple-choice items present you with a passage or question and ask you to select the correct answer from among several possible answers presented to you. The open-response items, and there are two of them, check on your ability to integrate different areas of knowledge within biology. You will need to compose an essay, develop a logical argument and demonstrate your capacity to write a in a well-organized fashion.
1. Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma
Learn the story of the central dogma and how it relates to protein synthesis. We'll use a simple analogy to explore the roles of transcription and translation in building protein from the DNA code. In this lesson, we'll also introduce the concept of a gene.
2. Transcription of Messenger RNA (mRNA) from DNA
In this lesson, you will gain a thorough understanding of how transcription works. We will investigate how DNA is transcribed into RNA with the help of a promoter and RNA polymerase. Learn the purpose of messenger RNA and explore the three phases of transcription.
3. Regulation of Gene Expression: Transcriptional Repression and Induction
Do our genes work the same way all the time? How do we regulate the expression of our genes? Explore the various ways organisms control gene transcription through repression and induction of operons.
4. How An Operon Controls Transcription in a Prokaryotic Cell
Is gene regulation really as simple as flipping a switch? What are the parts of an operon, and how do they function to control gene transcription? We'll study the lac operon to answer these questions.
5. RNA Processing in a Eukaryotic Cell: Splicing of Introns & Exons
In this lesson, we'll explore the unique considerations for gene regulation in the eukaryotic cell. We'll walk through RNA splicing of introns and exons and the addition of the 5' cap and poly(A) tail.
6. The Role of Ribosomes and Peptide Bonds in Genetic Translation
Ribosomes play a major role in the process of genetic translation. In this lesson, learn about the structure of ribosomes and how peptide bonds help to create chains of amino acids.
7. Translation of mRNA to Protein: Initiation, Elongation & Termination Steps
Translation, the second part of the central dogma of molecular biology, describes how the genetic code is used to make amino acid chains. In this lesson, explore the mechanics involved in polypeptide synthesis. Learn the three major steps of translation as you watch tRNA, mRNA, and ribosomes go to work.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Biology (13): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Biology: Scientific Inquiry
- MTEL Biology: Scientific Processes
- MTEL Biology: Analysis & Interpretation of Data
- MTEL Biology: Using Laboratory Equipment
- MTEL Biology: History & Issues in Science
- MTEL Biology: Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry
- MTEL Biology: Organic Chemistry Foundations
- MTEL Biology: Overview of Biochemistry
- MTEL Biology: Cell Biology
- MTEL Biology: Prokaryotic Cells
- MTEL Biology: Cell Communication
- MTEL Biology: Protists, Fungi & Viruses
- MTEL Biology: Plant Cells
- MTEL Biology: Cell Reproduction & Division
- MTEL Biology: Basic Biochemistry of Life
- MTEL Biology: Plant Structures & Functions
- MTEL Biology: Microbiology & Types of Microbes
- MTEL Biology: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory & Musculoskeleton Systems
- MTEL Biology: The Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- MTEL Biology: Reproduction & Development
- MTEL Biology: Introduction to Disease
- MTEL Biology: Disorders & Diseases of the Body Systems
- MTEL Biology: Diabetes, Arthritis & Genetic & Neurological Disorders
- MTEL Biology: Fundamental Body Tissues
- MTEL Biology: Connective Tissue
- MTEL Biology: Muscular System
- MTEL Biology: Gross Anatomy of Muscular System
- MTEL Biology: Skeletal System
- MTEL Biology: Skin Disorders
- MTEL Biology: Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System
- MTEL Biology: Human Genetics
- MTEL Biology: DNA Replication
- MTEL Biology: Genetic Mutation, Variability & Engineering
- MTEL Biology: Evolution
- MTEL Biology: History of Life
- MTEL Biology: Taxonomic Systems
- MTEL Biology: Ecology
- MTEL Biology: Ecosystems & Biomes
- MTEL Biology: Renewable Resources
- MTEL Biology: Environmental Pollution
- MTEL Biology: Global Warming & Environmental Issues
- MTEL Biology Flashcards