Ch 20: MTEL Business: Overview of the American Legal System

About This Chapter

This chapter provides an overview of the American legal system. It gives you access to video lessons and quizzes that can help you prepare to answer questions on the MTEL Business examination for teacher certification in Massachusetts.

MTEL Business: Overview of the American Legal System - Chapter Summary

Get ready to excel when answering MTEL Business examination questions about the American legal system. Watch this chapter's online lessons in order to review aspects of the U.S. Constitution and court system procedures. Explore the functions of the federal court system and expand your knowledge of constitutional law. You can also discover the ways in which a court decision becomes a precedent and explain procedural law processes as you make progress through the chapter. Check out these video lessons for assistance with:

  • Understanding the stare decisis doctrine
  • Defining constitutional law
  • Examining what is established within each of the articles of the Constitution
  • Comparing public, private, criminal, civil, substantive and procedural law
  • Discussing the trial, appellate and Supreme Court's procedures
  • Describing the structure of the federal and state court systems
  • Listing the functions of the appellate and original jurisdictions
  • Outlining methods for resolving disputes

This chapter includes videos as well as written transcripts that reflect them verbatim. Using conversational narration and the expertise of real-life business professionals, these videos can prepare you for some of the MTEL Business examination's questions. If you need to stop or double-check information, you can either consult the corresponding transcripts or restart the videos. In fact, you'll find video tags underneath the timeline link that permit you to quickly find the lessons' main sections. You'll be able to submit your questions for additional support and print out your quiz results as worksheets and utilize them as handy study tools.

MTEL Business: Overview of the American Legal System Chapter Objectives

The computer-based MTEL Business examination has six subareas with multiple-choice questions and one subarea that inlcudes open-response questions. Consisting of 25-27 multiple-choice questions and equal to 21% of the test weighting, Business Management is the first subarea. This is where you could see questions related to to the topics in this chapter and display what you've retained about the American legal system. Overall, the test includes 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response assignments.

11 Lessons in Chapter 20: MTEL Business: Overview of the American Legal System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Stare Decisis Doctrine: Definition & Example Cases

1. Stare Decisis Doctrine: Definition & Example Cases

The doctrines of stare decisis and precedent are the foundations of our American common law system. This lesson explains what these doctrines are and how they are used.

What Is Constitutional Law? - Definition & Example

2. What Is Constitutional Law? - Definition & Example

Constitutional law deals with the understanding and use of the United States Constitution. This lesson will define and discuss constitutional law, while examining several famous constitutional law cases.

The US Constitution: Preamble, Articles and Amendments

3. The US Constitution: Preamble, Articles and Amendments

The U.S. Constitution is one of the most important documents in history. It establishes the government of the United States, and its first ten amendments, the Bill of Rights, assures every U.S. citizen the rights we have all come to hold dear.

Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences

4. Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences

The simple difference between public and private law is in those that each affects. Public law affects society as a whole, while private law affects individuals, families, businesses and small groups.

Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences

5. Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences

There are two main classifications of law. Criminal laws regulate crimes, or wrongs committed against the government. Civil laws regulate disputes between private parties. This lesson explains the main differences between criminal and civil law.

Substantive Law vs. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences

6. Substantive Law vs. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences

Substantive law and procedural law work together to ensure that in a criminal or civil case, the appropriate laws are applied and the proper procedures are followed to bring a case to trial. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two and how they relate to the legal system as a whole.

The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

7. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.

The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization

8. The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization

The federal court system has three main levels: U.S. District Court, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court. Each level of court serves a different legal function for both civil and criminal cases.

State Court System: Structure & Overview

9. State Court System: Structure & Overview

There is no uniform structure to the State Court System. Each state has its own system but most states operate similarly to the Federal Court System in that there are several levels of courts including trial courts, intermediate appellate courts and supreme courts.

Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

10. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.

Alternative Forms of Dispute Resolution: Negotiation, Mediation & Arbitration

11. Alternative Forms of Dispute Resolution: Negotiation, Mediation & Arbitration

In the eyes of the law, there are several ways a dispute can be settled. Some disputes can simply be negotiated to a win-win outcome. Others may require a third party to assist in coming up with solutions to remedy a situation.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Business (19): Practice & Study Guide course

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