About This Chapter
MTEL Business: Overview of the American Legal System - Chapter Summary
Get ready to excel when answering MTEL Business examination questions about the American legal system. Watch this chapter's online lessons in order to review aspects of the U.S. Constitution and court system procedures. Explore the functions of the federal court system and expand your knowledge of constitutional law. You can also discover the ways in which a court decision becomes a precedent and explain procedural law processes as you make progress through the chapter. Check out these video lessons for assistance with:
- Understanding the stare decisis doctrine
- Defining constitutional law
- Examining what is established within each of the articles of the Constitution
- Comparing public, private, criminal, civil, substantive and procedural law
- Discussing the trial, appellate and Supreme Court's procedures
- Describing the structure of the federal and state court systems
- Listing the functions of the appellate and original jurisdictions
- Outlining methods for resolving disputes
This chapter includes videos as well as written transcripts that reflect them verbatim. Using conversational narration and the expertise of real-life business professionals, these videos can prepare you for some of the MTEL Business examination's questions. If you need to stop or double-check information, you can either consult the corresponding transcripts or restart the videos. In fact, you'll find video tags underneath the timeline link that permit you to quickly find the lessons' main sections. You'll be able to submit your questions for additional support and print out your quiz results as worksheets and utilize them as handy study tools.
MTEL Business: Overview of the American Legal System Chapter Objectives
The computer-based MTEL Business examination has six subareas with multiple-choice questions and one subarea that inlcudes open-response questions. Consisting of 25-27 multiple-choice questions and equal to 21% of the test weighting, Business Management is the first subarea. This is where you could see questions related to to the topics in this chapter and display what you've retained about the American legal system. Overall, the test includes 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response assignments.
1. Stare Decisis Doctrine: Definition & Example Cases
The doctrines of stare decisis and precedent are the foundations of our American common law system. This lesson explains what these doctrines are and how they are used.
2. What Is Constitutional Law? - Definition & Example
Constitutional law deals with the understanding and use of the United States Constitution. This lesson will define and discuss constitutional law, while examining several famous constitutional law cases.
3. The US Constitution: Preamble, Articles and Amendments
The U.S. Constitution is one of the most important documents in history. It establishes the government of the United States, and its first ten amendments, the Bill of Rights, assures every U.S. citizen the rights we have all come to hold dear.
4. Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences
The simple difference between public and private law is in those that each affects. Public law affects society as a whole, while private law affects individuals, families, businesses and small groups.
5. Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences
There are two main classifications of law. Criminal laws regulate crimes, or wrongs committed against the government. Civil laws regulate disputes between private parties. This lesson explains the main differences between criminal and civil law.
6. Substantive Law vs. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences
Substantive law and procedural law work together to ensure that in a criminal or civil case, the appropriate laws are applied and the proper procedures are followed to bring a case to trial. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two and how they relate to the legal system as a whole.
7. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court
There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.
8. The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization
The federal court system has three main levels: U.S. District Court, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court. Each level of court serves a different legal function for both civil and criminal cases.
9. State Court System: Structure & Overview
There is no uniform structure to the State Court System. Each state has its own system but most states operate similarly to the Federal Court System in that there are several levels of courts including trial courts, intermediate appellate courts and supreme courts.
10. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.
11. Alternative Forms of Dispute Resolution: Negotiation, Mediation & Arbitration
In the eyes of the law, there are several ways a dispute can be settled. Some disputes can simply be negotiated to a win-win outcome. Others may require a third party to assist in coming up with solutions to remedy a situation.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Business (19): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL Business: Management Basics
- MTEL Business: Management Theories
- MTEL Business: Planning Function of Management
- MTEL Business: Organizing Function of Management
- MTEL Business: Leading Function of Management
- MTEL Business: Leadership Theories
- MTEL Business: Controlling Function of Management
- MTEL Business: Motivation & Management
- MTEL Business: Managing Organizational Change
- MTEL Business: Operational Management
- MTEL Business: Overview of Human Resource Management
- MTEL Business: Job Analysis & Design
- MTEL Business: Hiring & Staffing
- MTEL Business: Employee Training & Assessment
- MTEL Business: Employee Compensation
- MTEL Business: Employment Law & Rights
- MTEL Business: Equal Employment Opportunity
- MTEL Business: Labor Relations
- MTEL Business: Business Communications
- MTEL Business: Contract Law
- MTEL Business: Property Law
- MTEL Business: Agency Law
- MTEL Business: Creditors' Rights & Bankruptcy
- MTEL Business: Securities & Antitrust Law
- MTEL Business: Product Liability & Consumer Protection
- MTEL Business: Environmental Law
- MTEL Business: Business Law & Ethics
- MTEL Business: Overview of Accounting
- MTEL Business: Accounting Cycle
- MTEL Business: Financial Statements & Ratios
- MTEL Business: Managerial Accounting & Internal Controls
- MTEL Business: Basics of Business Math
- MTEL Business: Probability & Statistics
- MTEL Business: Depreciation
- MTEL Business: Interest & Purchases
- MTEL Business: Financial Analysis
- MTEL Business: Basic Concepts of Microeconomics
- MTEL Business: Supply & Demand in Microeconomics
- MTEL Business: Aggregate Supply & Demand in Macroeconomics
- MTEL Business: Economic Systems & Theories in Macroeconomics
- MTEL Business: Business Cycle, GDP & Growth in Macroeconomics
- MTEL Business: Unemployment & Inflation in Macroeconomics
- MTEL Business: Fiscal Policy & Monetary Policy in Macroeconomics
- MTEL Business: Trade & International Business in Macroeconomics
- MTEL Business: General Marketing Concepts
- MTEL Business: Consumer Behavior
- MTEL Business: Pricing in Marketing
- MTEL Business: Product Development, Market Research & Segmentation
- MTEL Business: Advertising, Promotion & PR
- MTEL Business: Marketing Channels & Distribution
- MTEL Business: Entrepreneurship
- MTEL Business: Information Technology
- MTEL Business: Career Development
- MTEL Business: Consumer Economics & Personal Finance
- MTEL Business Flashcards