About This Chapter
MTEL English: Ancient World Literature - Chapter Summary
This chapter analyzes key figures and pieces of ancient world literature with the goal of bolstering your readiness for questions related to the subject within the exam. By the end of this chapter, you'll have reviewed the following pieces, authors, and topics:
- Biblical allusions in literature
- Periods and movements in world literature
- African oral and written traditions
- Literature and poetry of ancient Asia
- Folk tales
- Gilgamesh as a historical and literary figure
- The Vedas, The Qur'an and the Hadith
- Sappho, Virgil and Dante
- Lao Tzu and Li Po and
- Omar Khayyam and Jalal al-Din Rumi
Each lesson allows you to choose the way you review the material, with both a video and transcript of the content. Reviewing the key topics of each lesson will be easy either way, with the timeline feature letting you jump around the main points of the video and important terms within the transcript marked in bold.
1. The Bible and Literature
In this lesson, we'll explore the idea of allusions in literature, particularly allusions to the Bible. When we understand the stories in the Bible, we'll recognize references to them in other types of literature we read.
2. Movements & Periods in World Literature
Despite speaking completely different languages and having different cultures, many literatures around the world have progressed through similar movements and periods of development.
3. Written & Oral Traditions in Africa (500-1800 CE)
This lesson explores the written and oral traditions of pre-modern Africa. It highlights folktales, proverbs, griots and the travelogue known as Rihlah.
4. Ancient Asian Literature & Poetry
This lesson discusses Ancient Asian literature in China and India, particularly the 'Vedas', the 'Ramayana', 'The Art of War', 'Confucius Analects' and 'Dao De Jing'.
5. Folk Tales: Definition, Characteristics, Types & Examples
From ghost stories to fairy tales to animal fables, folk tales are beloved by people of all ages in all cultures. Find out more about the characteristics and types of folk tales in this lesson.
6. Gilgamesh as Historical and Literary Figure
The lesson will focus on the historical figure of Gilgamesh, how he related to his contemporary world of pre-historic Mesopotamia, and his impact on literature.
7. The Vedas: Hinduism's Sacred Texts
This lesson will explore the ancient Hindu texts known collectively as the Vedas. It will stress the importance of the Rig-Veda, while also explaining the roles of the three lesser Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas.
8. The Qur'an and the Hadith: Islamic Revelation
This lesson will focus on the Koran and the Hadith as sacred texts of Islam. In doing so, it will highlight the Muslim monotheistic belief in Allah and the revelation of the Koran to Muhammad.
9. Lao Tzu: Biography, Philosophy & Impact on Literature
In this lesson, we explore the history of the ancient Chinese philosopher, Lao-Tzu, the philosophy he expounded, and the impact his religion, Taoism, had on ancient China.
10. Sappho: Poems, Biography & Contributions to Literature
In this lesson we discover the life, legend, and poetry of Sappho, the 7th-century B.C. Greek poet whose writing on love and human emotion was considered revolutionary at the time.
11. Virgil: Biography & Writings
The Greeks have Homer and the English have Shakespeare. The Ancient Romans had Virgil, author of the 'Aeneid', the great epic of Roman literature, as well as other works about pastoral life. In this lesson, we'll look at the life and works of the great Roman poet.
12. Li Po: Poems & Biography
Li Po is still renowned as being one of the greatest Chinese poets in history. This lesson introduces his work, as well as his interesting life and ironic death.
13. Omar Khayyam: Biography & Poems
Omar Khayyam is known for his poetry, but did you know that he was also an accomplished mathematician and astronomer? In this lesson, you will learn about the life and works of Omar Khayyam.
14. Jalal al-Din Rumi: Poems, Quotes & Biography
Jalal al-Din Rumi (1207-1273 CE) created poetry that has affected and influenced people across the world for almost a thousand years. This Persian poet, born in Afghanistan, lived most his life in Turkey, and gave the world more than 40,000 poems.
15. Dante Alighieri: Biography, Works & Quotes
Meet Dante Alighieri: a Medieval Italian poet with a fascinating life who wrote about everything from philosophy to politics to the afterlife. We will discuss his life, and a few of his works, including La Vita Nuova, The Divine Comedy, Convivio, and De Monarchia.
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Other chapters within the MTEL English (07): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL English: American Literature from 1600-1800
- MTEL English: Dark Romanticism & Transcendentalism
- MTEL English: Realism in American Literature
- MTEL English: Modernism in American Literature
- MTEL English: Contemporary American Literature
- MTEL English: Old & Middle English Literature
- MTEL English: Renaissance Literature
- MTEL English: 17th & 18th Century English Literature
- MTEL English: Authors & Poets of the Romantic Period
- MTEL English: Victorian Literature
- MTEL English: Contemporary British Literature
- MTEL English: Ancient Greek Literature
- MTEL English: European Authors & Poets
- MTEL English: Contemporary World Literature
- MTEL English: Characteristics of Literature
- MTEL English: Genres & Types of Fiction
- MTEL English: Elements of Non-Fiction
- MTEL English: Drama as Literature
- MTEL English: Elements of Poetry
- MTEL English: Types of Poetry
- MTEL English: Interpreting Prose
- MTEL English: Literary Devices
- MTEL English: Literary Theory & Criticism
- MTEL English: Language Acquisition
- MTEL English: Principles of Rhetoric
- MTEL English: The Essay Writing Process
- MTEL English: Types of Compositions
- MTEL English: Writing Conventions
- MTEL English: Language & Reading Processes
- MTEL English: Vocabulary & Word Choice
- MTEL English: Motivating Students to Read
- MTEL English: Research-Based Reading Instruction
- MTEL English Flashcards