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Ch 52: MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Political Science

About This Chapter

This overview of the basic terms and concepts of political science can boost your understanding of political justice, traditional types of government, political power, and more. These lessons can assist you with getting prepared to take an exam or engage in a class discussion.

Basic Terms & Concepts of Political Science - Chapter Summary

In this chapter on the basic terms and concepts of political science, engaging lessons cover subjects like the core principles of American government, traditional types of government, and rules of American politics. You can also get a better understanding of the role of government and what citizenship really means. After going through the lessons, you should be able to:

  • Explain the differences between power, authority, and influence in politics
  • Discuss concepts of political justice and political rights
  • Describe theories of natural law
  • Provide examples of natural rights
  • Discuss government conflict caused by politics
  • List different types of political power
  • Explain some of the strengths and weaknesses of traditional government
  • Recall the core values of American government

A short quiz is available to test your knowledge of each lesson, and the quizzes can be printed. The quizzes link back to specific topics in the video, so if you get a question wrong you can quickly go back and review that particular topic. Additionally, you can submit questions to our instructors if there are any areas you don't understand.

13 Lessons in Chapter 52: MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Political Science
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Power, Authority & Influence in Political Organizations

1. Power, Authority & Influence in Political Organizations

This lesson will explain the differences between power, authority, and influence within a political organization. In doing so, it will highlight terms like charisma, rational authority, traditional authority, and personal power.

Political Justice and Political Rights

2. Political Justice and Political Rights

Some of the greatest questions in political thought revolve around the nebulous concepts of justice and rights. In this lesson, we'll be exploring these complex concepts. You'll also have a chance to reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz.

Understanding Theories of Natural Law

3. Understanding Theories of Natural Law

Some philosophical guidelines are created by humans, and everyone knows it. But others are seen as existing beyond us. Explore the basic concepts of natural law, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Natural Rights: Definition & Examples

4. Natural Rights: Definition & Examples

Conceived by John Locke, natural rights are privileges and basic freedoms people are entitled to simply because they exist. Learn more about the inspiration for natural rights in this lesson, identify key examples of these rights, and assess what you learned in a quiz.

Civil Society and Citizenship

5. Civil Society and Citizenship

Citizenship and civil society are important concepts in the study of political science. In this lesson, you'll learn what citizenship is and what it means for people that hold it. You'll also learn about the important role of civil society in a democracy.

Politics: Definition and Source of Governmental Conflict

6. Politics: Definition and Source of Governmental Conflict

In this lesson, we will explore the concept of politics. We will examine the various definitions of the word, take a close look at the role of politics in government, and investigate the conflicts sometimes caused by politics.

Political Power: Definition, Types & Sources

7. Political Power: Definition, Types & Sources

In this lesson, we will take a close look at political power. We will define the term, examine its elements, and learn about several theories that help determine who gets to use political power.

What is Government? - Definition, Role & Functions

8. What is Government? - Definition, Role & Functions

In this lesson, we will examine the various definitions of government. Then we will take a close look at the functions of the U.S. government and the role it plays in citizens' everyday lives.

Traditional Types of Government: Definitions, Strengths & Weaknesses

9. Traditional Types of Government: Definitions, Strengths & Weaknesses

In this lesson, we will explore several traditional types of government. We will define each type and take a close look at its strengths and weaknesses.

What is Democracy? - Definition, Types & Principles

10. What is Democracy? - Definition, Types & Principles

In this lesson, we will study the nature of democracy. We will define the term, take a look at the types of democracy, and examine its basic principles.

The Rules of American Politics: Democracy, Constitutionalism & Capitalism

11. The Rules of American Politics: Democracy, Constitutionalism & Capitalism

In this lesson, we will explore the three rules of American politics: democracy, constitutionalism, and capitalism. We will define each rule and see how it works to keep the political system running smoothly.

The Core Principles of American Government

12. The Core Principles of American Government

In this lesson, we will examine a few of the core principles of American government. We will pay special attention to the ideas of popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism.

America's Core Values: Liberty, Equality & Self-Government

13. America's Core Values: Liberty, Equality & Self-Government

In this lesson, we will examine a few of America's core values. We will focus especially on liberty, self-government, equality, individualism, diversity, and unity.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL History (06): Practice & Study Guide course

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