Ch 33: MTEL History: Classical Greece

About This Chapter

Refresh your knowledge of the components of classical Greece. The short video lessons and accompanying quizzes can prepare you for Greece-related questions on the Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure (MTEL) history examination.

MTEL History: Classical Greece - Chapter Summary

In preparation for the MTEL exam on history, use these lessons to refresh your memory of classical Greece. You'll deepen your understanding of well-known Greek philosophers and rulers, the government, civilization, art and theater. Specifically, you will be able to review the significance of the collapse of Mycenae, the religion and mythology of Greece, and the life and works of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Additionally, this chapter gives you access to the following topics:

  • Greek colonization, democracy, city-states and government
  • Ancient Greek architecture styles, such as Corinthian, Dorian and Ionic
  • Greek art, sculpture and pottery
  • The comedy and tragedy of Greek theater
  • Hellenism, Alexandrian Hellenistic philosophers and Alexander the Great
  • The Presocratic era
  • Persian and Peloponnesian wars
  • The Delian League, Pericles and the Athenian Golden Age

So you're not lost in the details, instructors explain Greek history and terminology in easy-to-understand terms. You'll learn the information through short, but engaging video lessons. You can prepare for the exam by reviewing the video lessons' transcripts and taking the self-assessment quizzes.

Objectives of the MTEL History: Classical Greece Chapter

The MTEL History test covers geography, government and economics; U.S. history and world history. Questions on ancient Greece are included in the world history section, which is 25% of the exam score or approximately 30-32 questions. With the help of the video lessons and quizzes, you'll be ready to answer questions on Alexander the Great, Athenian democracy and the accomplishments of ancient Greek philosophers. Other areas of question include the artistic, literary, cultural and legacy of ancient Greece.

The entire computer-based test is 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response questions, which account for 20% of the test's score. You'll be asked to write an analysis on at least one of the test's areas. In relation to ancient Greece, you could explain how Greek ideas influenced the growth of political thinking in the Western world.

16 Lessons in Chapter 33: MTEL History: Classical Greece
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

1. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.

Greek City-States and Governments

2. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

3. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.

Greek Myth and Religion

4. Greek Myth and Religion

This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.

Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture

5. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture

A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.

Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian

6. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian

This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.

Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

7. Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

This lecture examines the function of theatre in Greek culture and religion, with special focus on the Athenians. It then explores the three different sorts of Greek theatre: satyr plays, comedy and tragedy, citing specific examples. Finally, we study the impact of theatre on Western civilization.

The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

8. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.

Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers

9. Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers

This lecture recounts the achievements of the many great minds that called Alexandria home. We will look at Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Herophilos, Erasistratus and Eratosthenes.

Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

10. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.

Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

11. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.

Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

12. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.

Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

13. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age

This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.

Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War

14. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War

This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.

Peloponnesian War and Thucydides

15. Peloponnesian War and Thucydides

This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.

Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

16. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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