About This Chapter
Historical Influences on Political Ideologies - Chapter Summary
This chapter is a quick and easy way to get up to speed on political ideologies with historical influences. Our expert instructors discuss leaders that became synonymous with totalitarianism, such as Hitler and Stalin. You can also use these lessons to review the role of fascism in contemporary politics. After completing the chapter, you should be able to:
- Explain the relationship between ideology and politics
- List characteristics of American liberalism
- Distinguish between communism and socialism
- Discuss the history of fascism
- Provide examples of totalitarianism
- Recall historical developments in political thought
- Discuss the ideas of major political thinkers during the Enlightenment in Europe
- Explain how democratic ideas spread during the American Revolution
These lessons are concise, yet information-packed, and can assist you with quickly grasping the concepts presented. A brief quiz is available to test your understanding of each lesson, and the quizzes can be printed for use as a study tool. The quizzes link back to specific topics in the video, so if you get a question wrong you can review that topic with just one click.
1. What Is a Political Ideology?
Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.
2. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenets and its influence.
3. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences
People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
4. Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. A short quiz follows.
5. Totalitarianism: Definition, Characteristics & Examples
Totalitarianism is a form of government control that swept across Europe in the early 20th century. It eventually spread to other parts of the globe but is generally characterized by the major personalities that helped to define totalitarianism. Leaders like Hitler, Stalin, and Mussolini became synonymous with the control they held over their nations and people.
6. Significant Movements in the History of Political Thought
Want to know how Western countries went from being ruled by absolute monarchs to having democracies? This lesson explains some of the major historical developments in political thought.
7. Political Thinkers of the Enlightenment
In this lesson, you will explore the ideas of major political thinkers who lived and wrote during the Enlightenment in Europe. Then, you can test your understanding with a brief quiz.
8. The Spread of Democratic Ideals During the Revolutionary War
Democratic ideals spread before, during and after the American Revolution. This generated the democratic government known in the United States today. This lesson explores the Revolutionary roots of the Constitution.
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Other chapters within the MTEL History (06): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL History: Pre-Columbian North America
- MTEL History: Early North American Settlements
- MTEL History: Road to the American Revolution
- MTEL History: The American Revolution
- MTEL History: Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
- MTEL History: The Virginia Dynasty
- MTEL History: Jacksonian Democracy
- MTEL History: Manifest Destiny
- MTEL History: American Civil War
- MTEL History: American Reconstruction
- MTEL History: Industrialization & Urbanization in the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Progressive Era
- MTEL History: American Imperialism
- MTEL History: The Roaring 20s in the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Great Depression in the U.S.
- MTEL History: World War II
- MTEL History: The Cold War
- MTEL History: Protests, Activism & Civil Rights
- MTEL History: America in the 1970s
- MTEL History: Contemporary American Presidents
- MTEL History: The Stone Age
- MTEL History: The Bronze & Iron Ages
- MTEL History: Ancient Civilizations
- MTEL History: Ancient Middle East & India
- MTEL History: Early China & Japan
- MTEL History: Foundations of Religion
- MTEL History: Hinduism
- MTEL History: Buddhism
- MTEL History: Confucianism
- MTEL History: Judaism
- MTEL History: Christianity
- MTEL History: Islam
- MTEL History: Classical Greece
- MTEL History: The Roman Republic & The Roman Empire
- MTEL History: Government & Culture in the Middle Ages
- MTEL History: War, Revolution & Culture in France & England
- MTEL History: European Renaissance & Reformation
- MTEL History: African Cultures Before European Colonization
- MTEL History: Exploration & Colonization of the Americas
- MTEL History: Revolution & War in the Americas
- MTEL History: Revolution & Independence in Europe & the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- MTEL History: Germany During the World Wars
- MTEL History: A World at War
- MTEL History: Cold War
- MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers & Discoveries
- MTEL History: Introduction to Geography
- MTEL History: Spatial Processes
- MTEL History: Geography Tools
- MTEL History: The Dispersal of Humans & Culture
- MTEL History: Settlement Patterns
- MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Political Science
- MTEL History: Founding Documents of U.S. Government
- MTEL History: Federalism in the U.S.
- MTEL History: Types of Legislatures in Government
- MTEL History: U.S. Electoral Systems
- MTEL History: U.S. Political Parties
- MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Economics
- MTEL History: Economic Theories
- MTEL History: Economic Systems
- MTEL History: U.S. Economy
- MTEL History Flashcards