About This Chapter
MTEL History: Political Ideologies and Philosophy - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to help you differentiate the key political ideologies and philosophies in preparation for the MTEL History exam. All the important political perspectives are covered in our videos including:
- The meaning of political ideology
- Communism vs. socialism
Our expert instructors review the key features of each ideology and philosophy so you are clear on what each one is and how it works. And our combination of approaches via video lessons and self-assessment quizzes means the material is presented in multiple formats, ensuring your greater comprehension.
Objectives of the MTEL History: Political Ideologies and Philosophy Chapter
The MTEL History exam is a comprehensive evaluation of your grasp of historical facts and events. Passing this exam is necessary to become licensed as a teacher in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in this Political Ideologies and Philosophy Chapter fall within the Geography, Government and Economics Objective which make up 25% of the test questions. By taking the self-assessment quizzes you can check on your mastery of the material and gain practice with the types of questions you are likely to see on the exam.
The MTEL History exam consists of multiple-choice and open-response items, testing different competencies. The multiple choice items have you read a passage and respond to questions, selecting the best answer from among several. The open-response items are more creative in that you need to put together cogent, persuasive narratives on historical topics that demonstrate your ability to integrate multiple streams of knowledge.
1. Approaches to Political Theory: Normative and Empirical
Theories attempt to explain the world around us. In this lesson, you'll learn about political theory. An overview of the normative and empirical approaches to political theory will also be examined. A short quiz follows.
2. What Is a Political Ideology?
Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.
3. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenets and its influence.
4. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
5. Libertarianism: History and Philosophy
If you hold liberty above all other values, you might just be a libertarian. In this lesson, you'll learn about libertarianism, including what it is, its general principles and its history. A short quiz follows.
6. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences
People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
7. Anarchism: History and Philosophy
Some form of government has been around for the entire period of recorded human history. However, some people don't think government is necessary. In this lesson, you'll learn about anarchism, its philosophy and its history.
8. Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence
Fascism is a political ideology that literally wreaked havoc across the globe in the first part of the 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about what fascism is, its history and its influence. A short quiz follows.
9. Feminism: History, Ideology, and Impact in Politics
Feminism was one of the great political and social movements of the 19th and 20th century. In this lesson, you'll learn about feminism, its ideology, some of its important history and its political impact.
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Other chapters within the Geography, Government & Economics: Homework Help Resource course
- Environment & Population
- American Government Overview
- Important Documents & Speeches in US History
- Constitutional Democracy Overview
- American Political Culture, Opinion & Behavior
- Understanding Civil Liberties in the U.S.
- Understanding Civil Rights in the U.S.
- Interest Groups & American Democracy
- Federal Bureaucracy in the U.S.
- The American Presidency
- The American Congress
- Federal Judicial System Overview
- Economics Overview
- Scarcity, Choice & Production
- Demand, Supply & Market Equilibrium
- Aggregate Demand & Supply
- Economic Measurement
- Federal Government & the American Economy
- Inflation Measurement & Adjustment