About This Chapter
MTEL History: Pre-Columbian North America - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to review and refresh your memory about early North American civilizations and history for the MTEL History Exam. The videos go over all the topics you need to know, including:
- Native-American history
- Mesoamerican civilizations
- The Inca civilization and Pizarro
- Pre-Columbian civilization
- Effects of European colonization
- Spanish explorers and Spanish colonies
- The Columbian exchange
Our informative instructors guide you through each topic, helping you to recall what you learned in college, and possibly learn a few additional facts. Videos are followed by transcripts that highlight key vocabulary in bold and quizzes that help you quickly gauge your understanding of the material.
Objectives of the MTEL History: Pre-Columbian North America Chapter
The MTEL History Exam evaluates your knowledge and understanding of all aspects of US and world history from ancient times to the present day as well as geography, economics and government concepts. You need a passing grade to become licensed as a teacher in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in this Pre-Columbian North America chapter come under the US History Objective of the test, which accounts for 30% of the test. The self-assessment quizzes available with each lesson allow you to test your comprehension and gain experience with the types of questions you'll find on the exam.
The questions on the exam are both multiple-choice and open-response. The 100 multiple-choice questions ask you to read a passage and then choose the correct answer from several proposed. The 2 open-response questions look at how well you can integrate different kinds of historical information into a clear and logical narrative.
1. Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas
Because the first humans and civilizations got their start in Africa and the Middle East, historians and anthropologists have had to figure out how Native Americans got to the Americas. In this lesson we look at the three prevailing theories of the earliest migration to the New World.
2. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes
This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.
3. The Inca Civilization and Pizarro: Pre-Columbian South America
The Incan Empire was an amazing empire of the early Americas. Their accomplishments rival those of many other great empires, but they were defeated by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in only a few years.
4. Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans
Watch this video for an overview of the cultural groups of Native Americans as they lived at the time of first contact with Europeans. Some of these groupings, like the tribes of the plains, changed so much due to the addition of European influences, such as horses, that there is only conjecture as to how exactly they lived before European contact.
5. Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans
The earliest explorers in the Western Hemisphere left a legacy that would shape the development of the Americas permanently. No matter what they came looking for, Europeans left behind death, horses, and metal.
6. New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies
Who are the most well-known explorers and conquistadors of the New World? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the most infamous explorers. We'll discover the difference between explorers and conquistadors, and then learn about the encomienda system.
7. The Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.
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Other chapters within the MTEL History (06): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL History: Early North American Settlements
- MTEL History: Road to the American Revolution
- MTEL History: The American Revolution
- MTEL History: Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
- MTEL History: The Virginia Dynasty
- MTEL History: Jacksonian Democracy
- MTEL History: Manifest Destiny
- MTEL History: American Civil War
- MTEL History: American Reconstruction
- MTEL History: Industrialization & Urbanization in the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Progressive Era
- MTEL History: American Imperialism
- MTEL History: The Roaring 20s in the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Great Depression in the U.S.
- MTEL History: World War II
- MTEL History: The Cold War
- MTEL History: Protests, Activism & Civil Rights
- MTEL History: America in the 1970s
- MTEL History: Contemporary American Presidents
- MTEL History: The Stone Age
- MTEL History: The Bronze & Iron Ages
- MTEL History: Ancient Civilizations
- MTEL History: Ancient Middle East & India
- MTEL History: Early China & Japan
- MTEL History: Foundations of Religion
- MTEL History: Hinduism
- MTEL History: Buddhism
- MTEL History: Confucianism
- MTEL History: Judaism
- MTEL History: Christianity
- MTEL History: Islam
- MTEL History: Classical Greece
- MTEL History: The Roman Republic & The Roman Empire
- MTEL History: Government & Culture in the Middle Ages
- MTEL History: War, Revolution & Culture in France & England
- MTEL History: European Renaissance & Reformation
- MTEL History: African Cultures Before European Colonization
- MTEL History: Exploration & Colonization of the Americas
- MTEL History: Revolution & War in the Americas
- MTEL History: Revolution & Independence in Europe & the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- MTEL History: Germany During the World Wars
- MTEL History: A World at War
- MTEL History: Cold War
- MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers & Discoveries
- MTEL History: Introduction to Geography
- MTEL History: Spatial Processes
- MTEL History: Geography Tools
- MTEL History: The Dispersal of Humans & Culture
- MTEL History: Settlement Patterns
- MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Political Science
- MTEL History: Historical Influences on Political Ideologies
- MTEL History: Founding Documents of U.S. Government
- MTEL History: Federalism in the U.S.
- MTEL History: Types of Legislatures in Government
- MTEL History: U.S. Electoral Systems
- MTEL History: U.S. Political Parties
- MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Economics
- MTEL History: Economic Theories
- MTEL History: Economic Systems
- MTEL History: U.S. Economy
- MTEL History Flashcards