About This Chapter
MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers and Discoveries - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter will help you learn about the important scientific thinkers and discoveries that punctuated world history throughout the ages, in preparation for the MTEL History exam. You'll learn about thinkers like Isaac Newton, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Edison, and will also review developments medicine, chemistry, and nuclear energy. The videos review everything you need to know including:
- The Agricultural Revolution
- Galileo and Copernicus
- Bacon and Descartes
- The compass and mechanical clocks
- The printing press
- Thomas Edison
- The Industrial Revolution
Our expert instructors review each important personage and discovery, highlighting the impact of their contributions, in preparation for the test. After each video lesson, you can test your knowledge using its associated quiz.
Objectives of the MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers and Discoveries Chapter
The MTEL History exam is a comprehensive exam that evaluates your knowledge and understanding of all aspects of history. Your score will be used to determine your eligibility for a teacher's license in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in this Scientific Thinkers and Discoveries chapter fall within the World History and United States history objectives, which make up 25% and 30% of the test questions respectively. By taking the self-assessment quizzes that come with each lesson, you can evaluate your mastery of the material while at the same time gaining experience with the types of questions you'll see on the exam.
There are 100 multiple-choice questions on the MTEL History exam. These present you with a passage to read and questions about it, followed by possible answer alternatives. You must select the single correct answer. There are also two open-response questions. These give you an opportunity to express yourself more fully on historical topics, demonstrating your ability to integrate what you have learned into an organized, logical essay. The multiple-choice section accounts for 80% of your grade, and the open-response section makes up 20%.
1. The Agricultural Revolution: Impacts on the Environment
The Agricultural Revolution was a time of agricultural development that saw many inventions and advancements in farming techniques. Learn about the Agricultural Revolution and how this period impacted society and the environment.
2. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church
This lesson explores the contributions of Galileo to modern science. It examines his early steps toward a scientific method, his work on falling bodies and, of course, his astronomical discoveries. Finally, the Church's reaction to these discoveries is explored.
3. Nicholaus Copernicus: Accomplishments, Facts & Theory
Explore the life and accomplishments of Renaissance astronomer Nicholaus Copernicus, and test your understanding of Copernicus' works and influence on modern astronomy.
4. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy
This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.
5. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy
This lesson explores the beliefs and works of Rene Descartes and how he explained the relationship between the mind and body as well as religion and science.
6. How the Compass Helped Columbus
This lesson will explore the use of the compass during Columbus' voyages to the New World. It will highlight the navigational techniques of dead reckoning and celestial navigation. It will also review the voyages of Columbus.
7. The Invention and Impact of Mechanical Clocks
Timekeeping has been a part of society since Ancient Egypt. This lesson briefly explores the history of clocks and the impact of the mechanical clock on medieval society.
8. How the Printing Press Changed the World
When you think of inventions that changed the world, you may think of farming tools or the wheel, or even the Internet. However, few can truly compare to the humble printing press.
9. Facts about Isaac Newton: Laws, Discoveries & Contributions
Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist whose discoveries have led him to be considered one of the most important and influential scientists in history. This lesson will cover his achievements and discoveries.
10. Newton's First Law of Motion: Examples of the Effect of Force on Motion
This lesson describes Newton's first law of motion, also known as the law of inertia. The interaction between force and motion is explained. Several examples are used to discuss the implications of this law on earth and in space.
11. Newton's Second Law of Motion: The Relationship Between Force and Acceleration
This lesson defines Newton's second law of motion. Examples are used to illustrate how unbalanced forces cause objects to accelerate. The examples are used to practice calculating acceleration and force for objects in motion.
12. Newton's Third Law of Motion: Examples of the Relationship Between Two Forces
This lesson describes Newton's third law of motion. Examples are provided to illustrate how interacting objects experience forces. The lesson explains how objects accelerate as a result of force. Applications of Newton's third law are illustrated in nature, machines, and space.
13. Benjamin Franklin: Quotes and Autobiography
Everyone knows Benjamin Franklin flew a kite in a storm and that he signed the Declaration of Independence. But how much do you know about his writing? In this lesson, we'll look at two of his most famous works and how they influenced American literature.
14. Who was Albert Einstein? - Theory, Facts & Quotes
Albert Einstein was Time Magazine's Person of the Century in 1999 for many good reasons. This lesson takes a quick look at Einstein's life, works, and his influence on the world.
15. Theory of Relativity: Definition & Example
Watch this video lesson, and you will learn about the theory of special relativity and how it applies to you. Learn how you can use one of the most famous equations from this theory to calculate the power inside just one tiny object.
16. Who Was Thomas Edison? - Biography, Facts & Timeline
Learn about the famous inventor Thomas Alva Edison, the Wizard of Menlo Park who was the driving force behind many of today's most useful tools including phones, television, and even X-rays.
17. Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century: Theories & Achievements
In this lesson, we explore several of the important advances made in medicine during the 19th century, both in general medical knowledge and inventions that improved medicinal technique.
18. The Industrial Revolution: Impacts on the Environment
The Industrial Revolution was marked by the introduction of power-driven machinery and ushered in a time of strong economic development. Learn how advancements made during the Industrial Revolution impacted the environment.
19. Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism
In this lesson, we explore the medical and chemical breakthroughs which occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries as part of the era's increased emphasis on empiricism and the concurring Scientific Revolution.
20. What is Nuclear Energy? - Definition & Examples
You've probably heard of nuclear energy. But what is it? And what is the difference between fusion and fission? This lesson will answer your questions about this exciting form of energy that involves atoms and their nuclei.
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Other chapters within the MTEL History (06): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL History: Pre-Columbian North America
- MTEL History: Early North American Settlements
- MTEL History: Road to the American Revolution
- MTEL History: The American Revolution
- MTEL History: Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
- MTEL History: The Virginia Dynasty
- MTEL History: Jacksonian Democracy
- MTEL History: Manifest Destiny
- MTEL History: American Civil War
- MTEL History: American Reconstruction
- MTEL History: Industrialization & Urbanization in the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Progressive Era
- MTEL History: American Imperialism
- MTEL History: The Roaring 20s in the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Great Depression in the U.S.
- MTEL History: World War II
- MTEL History: The Cold War
- MTEL History: Protests, Activism & Civil Rights
- MTEL History: America in the 1970s
- MTEL History: Contemporary American Presidents
- MTEL History: The Stone Age
- MTEL History: The Bronze & Iron Ages
- MTEL History: Ancient Civilizations
- MTEL History: Ancient Middle East & India
- MTEL History: Early China & Japan
- MTEL History: Foundations of Religion
- MTEL History: Hinduism
- MTEL History: Buddhism
- MTEL History: Confucianism
- MTEL History: Judaism
- MTEL History: Christianity
- MTEL History: Islam
- MTEL History: Classical Greece
- MTEL History: The Roman Republic & The Roman Empire
- MTEL History: Government & Culture in the Middle Ages
- MTEL History: War, Revolution & Culture in France & England
- MTEL History: European Renaissance & Reformation
- MTEL History: African Cultures Before European Colonization
- MTEL History: Exploration & Colonization of the Americas
- MTEL History: Revolution & War in the Americas
- MTEL History: Revolution & Independence in Europe & the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- MTEL History: Germany During the World Wars
- MTEL History: A World at War
- MTEL History: Cold War
- MTEL History: Introduction to Geography
- MTEL History: Spatial Processes
- MTEL History: Geography Tools
- MTEL History: The Dispersal of Humans & Culture
- MTEL History: Settlement Patterns
- MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Political Science
- MTEL History: Historical Influences on Political Ideologies
- MTEL History: Founding Documents of U.S. Government
- MTEL History: Federalism in the U.S.
- MTEL History: Types of Legislatures in Government
- MTEL History: U.S. Electoral Systems
- MTEL History: U.S. Political Parties
- MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Economics
- MTEL History: Economic Theories
- MTEL History: Economic Systems
- MTEL History: U.S. Economy
- MTEL History Flashcards