Ch 46: MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers & Discoveries

About This Chapter

Let us show you how to identify the important scientific thinkers and discoveries throughout history. The video lessons and self-assessment quizzes combine to give you multiple approaches to help you correctly answer these types of questions on the MTEL History exam.

MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers and Discoveries - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter will help you learn about the important scientific thinkers and discoveries that punctuated world history throughout the ages, in preparation for the MTEL History exam. You'll learn about thinkers like Isaac Newton, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Edison, and will also review developments medicine, chemistry, and nuclear energy. The videos review everything you need to know including:

  • The Agricultural Revolution
  • Galileo and Copernicus
  • Bacon and Descartes
  • The compass and mechanical clocks
  • The printing press
  • Thomas Edison
  • The Industrial Revolution

Our expert instructors review each important personage and discovery, highlighting the impact of their contributions, in preparation for the test. After each video lesson, you can test your knowledge using its associated quiz.

Objectives of the MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers and Discoveries Chapter

The MTEL History exam is a comprehensive exam that evaluates your knowledge and understanding of all aspects of history. Your score will be used to determine your eligibility for a teacher's license in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in this Scientific Thinkers and Discoveries chapter fall within the World History and United States history objectives, which make up 25% and 30% of the test questions respectively. By taking the self-assessment quizzes that come with each lesson, you can evaluate your mastery of the material while at the same time gaining experience with the types of questions you'll see on the exam.

There are 100 multiple-choice questions on the MTEL History exam. These present you with a passage to read and questions about it, followed by possible answer alternatives. You must select the single correct answer. There are also two open-response questions. These give you an opportunity to express yourself more fully on historical topics, demonstrating your ability to integrate what you have learned into an organized, logical essay. The multiple-choice section accounts for 80% of your grade, and the open-response section makes up 20%.

20 Lessons in Chapter 46: MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers & Discoveries
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Agricultural Revolution: Impacts on the Environment

1. The Agricultural Revolution: Impacts on the Environment

The Agricultural Revolution was a time of agricultural development that saw many inventions and advancements in farming techniques. Learn about the Agricultural Revolution and how this period impacted society and the environment.

Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

2. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

This lesson explores the contributions of Galileo to modern science. It examines his early steps toward a scientific method, his work on falling bodies and, of course, his astronomical discoveries. Finally, the Church's reaction to these discoveries is explored.

Nicholaus Copernicus: Accomplishments, Facts & Theory

3. Nicholaus Copernicus: Accomplishments, Facts & Theory

Explore the life and accomplishments of Renaissance astronomer Nicholaus Copernicus, and test your understanding of Copernicus' works and influence on modern astronomy.

Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

4. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.

Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy

5. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy

This lesson explores the beliefs and works of Rene Descartes and how he explained the relationship between the mind and body as well as religion and science.

How the Compass Helped Columbus

6. How the Compass Helped Columbus

This lesson will explore the use of the compass during Columbus' voyages to the New World. It will highlight the navigational techniques of dead reckoning and celestial navigation. It will also review the voyages of Columbus.

The Invention and Impact of Mechanical Clocks

7. The Invention and Impact of Mechanical Clocks

Timekeeping has been a part of society since Ancient Egypt. This lesson briefly explores the history of clocks and the impact of the mechanical clock on medieval society.

How the Printing Press Changed the World

8. How the Printing Press Changed the World

When you think of inventions that changed the world, you may think of farming tools or the wheel, or even the Internet. However, few can truly compare to the humble printing press.

Facts about Isaac Newton: Laws, Discoveries & Contributions

9. Facts about Isaac Newton: Laws, Discoveries & Contributions

Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist whose discoveries have led him to be considered one of the most important and influential scientists in history. This lesson will cover his achievements and discoveries.

Newton's First Law of Motion: Examples of the Effect of Force on Motion

10. Newton's First Law of Motion: Examples of the Effect of Force on Motion

This lesson describes Newton's first law of motion, also known as the law of inertia. The interaction between force and motion is explained. Several examples are used to discuss the implications of this law on earth and in space.

Newton's Second Law of Motion: The Relationship Between Force and Acceleration

11. Newton's Second Law of Motion: The Relationship Between Force and Acceleration

This lesson defines Newton's second law of motion. Examples are used to illustrate how unbalanced forces cause objects to accelerate. The examples are used to practice calculating acceleration and force for objects in motion.

Newton's Third Law of Motion: Examples of the Relationship Between Two Forces

12. Newton's Third Law of Motion: Examples of the Relationship Between Two Forces

This lesson describes Newton's third law of motion. Examples are provided to illustrate how interacting objects experience forces. The lesson explains how objects accelerate as a result of force. Applications of Newton's third law are illustrated in nature, machines, and space.

Benjamin Franklin: Quotes and Autobiography

13. Benjamin Franklin: Quotes and Autobiography

Everyone knows Benjamin Franklin flew a kite in a storm and that he signed the Declaration of Independence. But how much do you know about his writing? In this lesson, we'll look at two of his most famous works and how they influenced American literature.

Who was Albert Einstein? - Theory, Facts & Quotes

14. Who was Albert Einstein? - Theory, Facts & Quotes

Albert Einstein was Time Magazine's Person of the Century in 1999 for many good reasons. This lesson takes a quick look at Einstein's life, works, and his influence on the world.

Theory of Relativity: Definition & Example

15. Theory of Relativity: Definition & Example

Watch this video lesson, and you will learn about the theory of special relativity and how it applies to you. Learn how you can use one of the most famous equations from this theory to calculate the power inside just one tiny object.

Who Was Thomas Edison? - Biography, Facts & Timeline

16. Who Was Thomas Edison? - Biography, Facts & Timeline

Learn about the famous inventor Thomas Alva Edison, the Wizard of Menlo Park who was the driving force behind many of today's most useful tools including phones, television, and even X-rays.

Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century: Theories & Achievements

17. Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century: Theories & Achievements

In this lesson, we explore several of the important advances made in medicine during the 19th century, both in general medical knowledge and inventions that improved medicinal technique.

The Industrial Revolution: Impacts on the Environment

18. The Industrial Revolution: Impacts on the Environment

The Industrial Revolution was marked by the introduction of power-driven machinery and ushered in a time of strong economic development. Learn how advancements made during the Industrial Revolution impacted the environment.

Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism

19. Breakthroughs in Medicine & Chemistry: Examples & Empiricism

In this lesson, we explore the medical and chemical breakthroughs which occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries as part of the era's increased emphasis on empiricism and the concurring Scientific Revolution.

What is Nuclear Energy? - Definition & Examples

20. What is Nuclear Energy? - Definition & Examples

You've probably heard of nuclear energy. But what is it? And what is the difference between fusion and fission? This lesson will answer your questions about this exciting form of energy that involves atoms and their nuclei.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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