About This Chapter
MTEL History: The Federal Judicial System - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter can help you as you review the information about the federal judicial system for the MTEL History test. The videos review all the topics you will need to know about, including:
- State courts in the United States
- The federal judiciary and its power
- How the federal court system works
- How constitutional checks and balances affect the functioning of the Supreme Court
- How judicial decisions are made
- Appellate courts
- How federal judges and supreme court justices are selected
- How interest groups affect policy through litigation
Our expert instructors review all the important facts and processes, highlighting the most important points you need to be able to recall for the test. The combination of different teaching strategies makes it easier to determine the key points and retain them.
Objectives of the MTEL History: The Federal Judicial System Chapter
The MTEL History Exam is a comprehensive test of your knowledge of all aspects of history, including U.S. and world history, geography, government and economics. Your score is used to determine whether you qualify for a teacher's license. The Geography, Government and Economics subarea is the equivalent of 25% of the exam score, and it contains questions about the federal judicial system. You can get some practice with the types of questions you are likely to see on the exam by taking the self-assessment quizzes that come with the video lessons. You can also see how you're coming along in mastering the material.
You can expect 100 multiple-choice and 2 open-response questions on the exam, each evaluating different competencies. With the multiple-choice, you will need to be able to recognize the correct answer from a group of several possible responses shown to you. With the open-response, you will be asked to construct logical, well-written essays on historic topics demonstrating your ability to integrate material from diverse sources into a compelling narrative.
1. The State Court System of the United States: Definition & Structure
The United States has two separate court systems: the federal and the state. Each state has its own set of state courts. This lesson explains state courts, including the structure and jurisdiction of state court systems.
2. The Power of the Federal Judiciary: Sources & Consequences
Federal judges and Supreme Court justices make their decisions using different rationales and theories. This lesson explores the power of the federal judiciary, including a discussion of judicial review and judicial activism.
3. The Federal Court System of the United States: Definition, Structure & Levels
The United States has two separate court systems: the federal and the state. This lesson explores the federal court system of the Unites States, including its structure and jurisdiction.
4. Judicial Decision Making: Steps & Participants
A case will go through several steps before it can reach the U.S. Supreme Court. This lesson explains the participants, steps, and decision making involved in the appellate process. We will examine how a case can end up in the U.S. Supreme Court.
5. Constitutional Checks & Balances on the Power of the Supreme Court: Definition & Examples
Our federal government is divided into three branches. Each of the three branches holds certain checks and balances on the other two branches. This lesson explores the major checks and balances on the power of the United States Supreme Court.
6. Original Versus Appellate Jurisdiction: Definition & Differences
Federal courts can have either original jurisdiction or appellate jurisdiction. Some courts have both types of jurisdiction. This lesson explains the difference between original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction in the federal court system.
7. The Selection of Supreme Court Justices and Federal Judges: Process & Tenure
All federal judges are appointed by the United States President, and must be confirmed by the U.S. Senate, including the justices of the U.S. Supreme Court. This lesson explains the process of selecting federal judges and their tenure once selected.
8. Interest-Group Litigation Strategies: Ways to Influence Policy
Interest groups achieve their goals through a number of different ways. One strategy uses litigation in order to influence policy. This lesson explains the use of litigation by interest groups.
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Other chapters within the Geography, Government & Economics: Homework Help Resource course
- Environment & Population
- American Government Overview
- Important Documents & Speeches in US History
- Constitutional Democracy Overview
- Political Ideologies & Philosophy
- American Political Culture, Opinion & Behavior
- Understanding Civil Liberties in the U.S.
- Understanding Civil Rights in the U.S.
- Interest Groups & American Democracy
- Federal Bureaucracy in the U.S.
- The American Presidency
- The American Congress
- Economics Overview
- Scarcity, Choice & Production
- Demand, Supply & Market Equilibrium
- Aggregate Demand & Supply
- Economic Measurement
- Federal Government & the American Economy
- Inflation Measurement & Adjustment