About This Chapter
MTEL History: The Roman Republic and The Roman Empire - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to help you develop a broad perspective about the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire as you prepare for the MTEL History exam. You will review how Rome was founded, its myths and religion, the Holy Roman Empire, and the eventual fall of Rome. Additionally, the videos cover all the highlights you need to know including:
- The rise of the Roman Republic
- Judaism and Christianity in the Roman Empire
- Roman art and architecture
- The death of the republic
- Constantine and Charlemagne
- The Byzantine Empire and its decline
- The fall of Constantinople
Our expert instructors review each important historical event and personage, highlighting the critical points you need to know for the test. By using several didactic approaches, the material is presented in a multiple of ways, increasing your understanding.
Objectives of the MTEL History: The Roman Republic and The Roman Empire Chapter
The MTEL History exam is a comprehensive evaluation of your knowledge of all elements of world and US history. You need a passing score of 240 in order to become licensed as a teacher in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The topics in The Roman Republic and the Roman Empire chapter are part of the World History objective, making up 25% of the test questions. By completing the self-assessment quizzes you can see how much of the chapter content you know, and what you have yet to learn. At the same time, you gain valuable experience practicing on the type of questions you will see on the test.
The MTEL History exam is a computer-based-test (CBT) composed of 100 multiple-choice and 2 open-response test items. Multiple-choice questions have you read a passage and review several possible response options before picking the correct one. Open-response items give you the opportunity to demonstrate how well you have integrated historical material and how effectively you can present your thoughts in a compelling essay.
1. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
2. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
3. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
4. The Holy Roman Empire: Politics & Religion
In this lesson, we will examine the Holy Roman Empire. We will learn about its development, explore its political institutions, meet its leaders, and study its last days.
5. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
6. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
7. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
8. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
9. Constantine & the Eastern Roman Empire
This lesson will explain the reign of Constantine and his move to Constantinople. It will focus on the advantages of its location, its ties to Roman law, and its homogeneous Christian population.
10. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine
This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.
11. Charlemagne's Holy Roman Empire and the Divine Right to Rule
This lesson will explore the rule of Charlemagne and his exercise of the divine right of kings. It will highlight his reign as Holy Roman Emperor, focusing on his military conquests and his cultural reforms.
12. The Byzantine Empire: History, Culture & Timeline
In this lesson, you'll learn about the historical and cultural timeline of the Byzantine Empire and a bit about its famous emperors, Constantine and Justinian, seeing just how this 'New Rome' was established.
13. The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empire
This lesson will explore the slow decline of the Byzantine Empire. It will highlight internal instability and outside invasion as two of the major factors that led to the 1453 fall of Constantinople and the empire.
14. The Fall of Constantinople: History & Explanation
The Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453 CE marked the final collapse of the Roman Empire. This lesson will provide the background, summary, and far-reaching impact of this historical conflict.
15. The Fall of Rome
This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the MTEL History (06): Practice & Study Guide course
- MTEL History: Pre-Columbian North America
- MTEL History: Early North American Settlements
- MTEL History: Road to the American Revolution
- MTEL History: The American Revolution
- MTEL History: Ratification of the U.S. Constitution
- MTEL History: The Virginia Dynasty
- MTEL History: Jacksonian Democracy
- MTEL History: Manifest Destiny
- MTEL History: American Civil War
- MTEL History: American Reconstruction
- MTEL History: Industrialization & Urbanization in the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Progressive Era
- MTEL History: American Imperialism
- MTEL History: The Roaring 20s in the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Great Depression in the U.S.
- MTEL History: World War II
- MTEL History: The Cold War
- MTEL History: Protests, Activism & Civil Rights
- MTEL History: America in the 1970s
- MTEL History: Contemporary American Presidents
- MTEL History: The Stone Age
- MTEL History: The Bronze & Iron Ages
- MTEL History: Ancient Civilizations
- MTEL History: Ancient Middle East & India
- MTEL History: Early China & Japan
- MTEL History: Foundations of Religion
- MTEL History: Hinduism
- MTEL History: Buddhism
- MTEL History: Confucianism
- MTEL History: Judaism
- MTEL History: Christianity
- MTEL History: Islam
- MTEL History: Classical Greece
- MTEL History: Government & Culture in the Middle Ages
- MTEL History: War, Revolution & Culture in France & England
- MTEL History: European Renaissance & Reformation
- MTEL History: African Cultures Before European Colonization
- MTEL History: Exploration & Colonization of the Americas
- MTEL History: Revolution & War in the Americas
- MTEL History: Revolution & Independence in Europe & the U.S.
- MTEL History: The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- MTEL History: Germany During the World Wars
- MTEL History: A World at War
- MTEL History: Cold War
- MTEL History: Scientific Thinkers & Discoveries
- MTEL History: Introduction to Geography
- MTEL History: Spatial Processes
- MTEL History: Geography Tools
- MTEL History: The Dispersal of Humans & Culture
- MTEL History: Settlement Patterns
- MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Political Science
- MTEL History: Historical Influences on Political Ideologies
- MTEL History: Founding Documents of U.S. Government
- MTEL History: Federalism in the U.S.
- MTEL History: Types of Legislatures in Government
- MTEL History: U.S. Electoral Systems
- MTEL History: U.S. Political Parties
- MTEL History: Basic Terms & Concepts of Economics
- MTEL History: Economic Theories
- MTEL History: Economic Systems
- MTEL History: U.S. Economy
- MTEL History Flashcards