# Ch 67: MTEL Math: Discrete & Finite Math

### About This Chapter

## MTEL Math: Discrete and Finite Math - Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on various forms and operations of discrete and finite math, covering all the related topics you may encounter on the exam. By the end of this chapter, you'll have refreshed and improved your understanding of:

- Mathematical sets
- Cardinality and types of subsets
- Finding the cartesian product and the value of annuity
- Venn diagrams
- Categorical propositions and changing them to standard form
- Compounding interest formulas
- The matching principle in accounting
- Recursive sequence
- Properties of algorithms
- Linear programming
- Finite graphs

You'll have the chance to double-check your understanding of the material through a practice quiz at the end of each lesson, which will provide links back to relevant points of the lesson should you answer incorrectly. And if you find you're still unsure, you can always ask our instructors questions using the teacher or help tab.

### 1. Mathematical Sets: Elements, Intersections & Unions

Today we're going to explore mathematical sets, which are surprisingly simple! Sets are just collections of any objects or concepts, also known as elements, that can be related to each other through union or intersection.

### 2. Cardinality & Types of Subsets (Infinite, Finite, Equal, Empty)

In this video, we will add to our knowledge of sets. We will talk about cardinality, infinite, finite, equal and the empty set. I think you will find these very straightforward, so let's begin.

### 3. How to Find the Cartesian Product

The Cartesian product allows us to take two sets of mathematical objects and create one new one. With one simple idea, the Cartesian product becomes quick and easy.

### 4. Venn Diagrams: Subset, Disjoint, Overlap, Intersection & Union

The Venn diagram was introduced by John Venn. Yes, the Venn diagram is named after a real person! His idea was to show sets in terms of pictures. The Venn diagram is now used in many fields, including mathematics. Let's take a look at John Venn's idea.

### 5. Categorical Propositions: Subject, Predicate, Equivalent & Infinite Sets

Watch this video lesson to learn how categorical propositions are written. You will also see what the subject and predicate are as well as learn about equivalent and infinite sets.

### 6. How to Change Categorical Propositions to Standard Form

Watch this video lesson to learn what categorical propositions are and how you can turn your statements into one of the four standard forms. Also, learn the names of these four standard forms and what they look like.

### 7. Compounding Interest Formulas: Calculations & Examples

Compound interest is a great way to have your money work for you. In this lesson, find out the formula for calculating compound interest and practice using the formula with several examples.

### 8. How to Find the Value of an Annuity

Want to see how much money you will have in the future if you make a set payment every month towards your annuity? Then watch this video lesson for the formula and how to use it.

### 9. Matching Principle in Accounting: Definition & Examples

In accounting, matching has nothing to do with color coordination and everything to do with the timing of revenues and expenses. The matching principle helps to keep the financial statements a useful and fair representation of results.

### 10. Recursive Sequence: Formula & Overview

One of the most famous recursive sequences is the Fibonacci sequence. In this lesson, learn what makes the Fibonacci sequence a recursive sequence, and discover how you can recognize and create your own.

### 11. Properties of Algorithms

Algorithms are a set of step-by-step instructions that satisfy a certain set of properties. In this lesson, we'll explore the properties an algorithm must satisfy in order to be useful using an example.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics (09): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTEL Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- MTEL Math: Absolute Value & Integers
- MTEL Math: Fractions
- MTEL Math: Decimals
- MTEL Math: Percents
- MTEL Math: Rates & Ratios
- MTEL Math: Proportions
- MTEL Math: Estimation
- MTEL Math: Origins of Math
- MTEL Math: Rational & Irrational Numbers
- MTEL Math: Complex Numbers
- MTEL Math: Properties of Numbers
- MTEL Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- MTEL Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- MTEL Math: Scientific Notation
- MTEL Math: Number Theory
- MTEL Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- MTEL Math: Number Patterns & Series
- MTEL Math: Properties of Functions
- MTEL Math: Graphing Functions
- MTEL Math: Factoring
- MTEL Math: The Coordinate Graph & Symmetry
- MTEL Math: Linear Equations
- MTEL Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- MTEL Math: Vectors, Matrices & Determinants
- MTEL Math: Introduction to Quadratics
- MTEL Math: Working with Quadratic Functions
- MTEL Math: Polynomial Functions Basics
- MTEL Math: Higher-Degree Polynomial Functions
- MTEL Math: Piecewise, Absolute Value & Step Functions
- MTEL Math: Rational Expressions, Functions & Graphs
- MTEL Math: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- MTEL Math: Measurement
- MTEL Math: Perimeter & Area
- MTEL Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- MTEL Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- MTEL Math: Properties of Lines
- MTEL Math: Angles
- MTEL Math: Triangles
- MTEL Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- MTEL Math: Similar Polygons
- MTEL Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- MTEL Math: Quadrilaterals
- MTEL Math: Circles
- MTEL Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- MTEL Math: Analytic Geometry & Conic Sections
- MTEL Math: Polar Coordinates & Parameterization
- MTEL Math: Transformations
- MTEL Math: Data & Graphs
- MTEL Math: Statistics
- MTEL Math: Data Collection
- MTEL Math: Samples & Populations
- MTEL Math: Probability
- MTEL Math: Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Math: Graphs of Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Math: Trigonometric Identities
- MTEL Math: Applications of Trigonometry
- MTEL Math: Limits
- MTEL Math: Continuity
- MTEL Math: Rate of Change
- MTEL Math: Derivative Calculations & Rules
- MTEL Math: Graphing Derivatives & L'Hopital's Rule
- MTEL Math: Area Under the Curve & Integrals
- MTEL Math: Integration Techniques
- MTEL Math: Integration Applications
- MTEL Math: Differential Equations
- MTEL Mathematics Flashcards