# Ch 17: MTEL Math: Number Patterns & Sequences

### About This Chapter

## MTEL Math: Number Patterns & Sequences - Chapter Summary

You can use this in-depth look at number patterns and sequences to improve your ability to succeed on the MTEL Mathematics assessment. After reviewing the lessons in this chapter, you will be able to:

- Define the mathematical sequence, and describe finite and infinite sequences
- Explain how to find the common difference in arithmetic sequences
- Find and classify an arithmetic sequence, and explain how and why to use the general term of an arithmetic sequence
- Evaluate and write variable expressions for arithmetic sequences, and work with geometric sequences
- Share how and why to use the general term of a geometric sequence, and find and classify geometric sequences
- Describe the Fibonacci sequence, Pascal's triangle, the binomial theorem and factorial notation
- Detail how to use recursive rules for arithmetic, algebraic and geometric sequences

The subject matter experts in this chapter present the lessons in an entertaining fashion, making your studying process fun. The lessons are highly effective and efficient, averaging just 10 minutes each while providing you with the definitions and examples of number patterns and sequences you need to succeed on the test.

### MTEL Math: Number Patterns & Sequences Chapter Objectives

This MTEL Mathematics: Number Patterns & Sequences chapter helps you study for exam topics found in the patterns, relations and algebra subarea of the assessment. This subarea constitutes about 23% of the total test and consists multiple-choice questions. Use the lessons in this chapter to get closer to your goal of earning the minimum passing score of 240 on the exam and securing the licensure required to teach math in Massachusetts classrooms.

This subject-matter test consists of 100 multiple-choice questions and two open-response assignments. It is taken on a computer and lasts four hours with an additional 15 minutes dedicated to a nondisclosure agreement and computer-based test (CBT) tutorial. You can make sure you're comfortable answering questions on the test by taking self-assessment quizzes in this chapter that feature questions similar in format and content. A chapter exam is also available to enhance your preparations for the assessment.

### 1. What is a Mathematical Sequence?

Math is often the most fun when it acts like a puzzle to be solved. The branch of math where this is the most true involves sequences. Get an introduction to the basics and important vocabulary, as well as learn where sequences appear in nature!

### 2. Introduction to Sequences: Finite and Infinite

In this video lesson, we will learn about the many patterns that are possible in sequences. See how some sequences stop after a while and how some sequences never stop.

### 3. Arithmetic Sequences: Definition & Finding the Common Difference

Watch this video lesson to learn the pattern that defines an arithmetic sequence. Learn how to identify arithmetic sequences as well as find the pattern easily. You will also learn the formula you can use to write any number in your sequence.

### 4. How to Find and Classify an Arithmetic Sequence

Arithmetic sequences are everywhere, and with a few tricks you learn here, you could end up looking like a psychic the next time you go to a movie or a football game!

### 5. How and Why to Use the General Term of an Arithmetic Sequence

Watch this video lesson to learn the formula for the general term of an arithmetic sequence. Also learn why this formula makes working with an arithmetic sequence much easier.

### 6. How to Evaluate & Write Variable Expressions for Arithmetic Sequences

Being able to figure out sequences as well as describe them are some of the most important skills in math. In this lesson, we learn how to evaluate and write arithmetic sequences and geometric sequences.

### 7. Working with Geometric Sequences

In this video lesson, we'll learn how to recognize when a sequence of numbers is a geometric sequence, how to find the common ratio and how to expand a sequence to as many numbers as we want!

### 8. Finding and Classifying Geometric Sequences

Want your YouTube video to get a lot of hits? Besides including a cute baby or an adorable cat, getting your video to have a big common ratio is the key. Learn what I'm talking about here!

### 9. How and Why to Use the General Term of a Geometric Sequence

Watch this video lesson to learn the formula for the general term of a geometric sequence. You will learn how to write your own general term given a particular geometric sequence as well as the reason for doing this.

### 10. Fibonacci Sequence: Examples, Golden Ratio & Nature

The Fibonacci sequence is seen all around us. Learn how the Fibonacci sequence relates to the golden ratio and explore how your body and various items, like seashells and flowers, demonstrate the sequence in the real world.

### 11. Pascal's Triangle: Patterns & History

In this lesson, you will learn about some of the many patterns found within Pascal's triangle, a set of numbers that has been loved by mathematicians for centuries.

### 12. What is the Binomial Theorem?

While the F.O.I.L. method can be used to multiply any number of binomials together, doing more than three can quickly become a huge headache. Luckily, we've got the Binomial Theorem and Pascal's Triangle for that! Learn all about it in this lesson.

### 13. How to Use Factorial Notation: Process and Examples

Watch this video lesson to learn about factorial notation. Understand what it means so that you can handle it like a pro. Also see what happens when we divide factorials.

### 14. Using Recursive Rules for Arithmetic, Algebraic & Geometric Sequences

When dealing with sequences in math, both algebraic and geometric, we come across recursive rules. Watch this video lesson to learn how recursion works and how you can use a recursive rule to get to your next number using a previous number.

### 15. Special Sequences and How They Are Generated

Sequences are interesting things in math and in nature. The most interesting thing is that these sequences have a pattern to how they are generated. We will learn about a few of them in this video lesson.

### Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

### Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Mathematics (09): Practice & Study Guide course

- MTEL Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- MTEL Math: Absolute Value & Integers
- MTEL Math: Fractions
- MTEL Math: Decimals
- MTEL Math: Percents
- MTEL Math: Rates & Ratios
- MTEL Math: Proportions
- MTEL Math: Estimation
- MTEL Math: Origins of Math
- MTEL Math: Rational & Irrational Numbers
- MTEL Math: Complex Numbers
- MTEL Math: Properties of Numbers
- MTEL Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- MTEL Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- MTEL Math: Scientific Notation
- MTEL Math: Number Theory
- MTEL Math: Number Patterns & Series
- MTEL Math: Properties of Functions
- MTEL Math: Graphing Functions
- MTEL Math: Factoring
- MTEL Math: The Coordinate Graph & Symmetry
- MTEL Math: Linear Equations
- MTEL Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- MTEL Math: Vectors, Matrices & Determinants
- MTEL Math: Introduction to Quadratics
- MTEL Math: Working with Quadratic Functions
- MTEL Math: Polynomial Functions Basics
- MTEL Math: Higher-Degree Polynomial Functions
- MTEL Math: Piecewise, Absolute Value & Step Functions
- MTEL Math: Rational Expressions, Functions & Graphs
- MTEL Math: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- MTEL Math: Measurement
- MTEL Math: Perimeter & Area
- MTEL Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- MTEL Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- MTEL Math: Properties of Lines
- MTEL Math: Angles
- MTEL Math: Triangles
- MTEL Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- MTEL Math: Similar Polygons
- MTEL Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- MTEL Math: Quadrilaterals
- MTEL Math: Circles
- MTEL Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- MTEL Math: Analytic Geometry & Conic Sections
- MTEL Math: Polar Coordinates & Parameterization
- MTEL Math: Transformations
- MTEL Math: Data & Graphs
- MTEL Math: Statistics
- MTEL Math: Data Collection
- MTEL Math: Samples & Populations
- MTEL Math: Probability
- MTEL Math: Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Math: Graphs of Trigonometric Functions
- MTEL Math: Trigonometric Identities
- MTEL Math: Applications of Trigonometry
- MTEL Math: Limits
- MTEL Math: Continuity
- MTEL Math: Rate of Change
- MTEL Math: Derivative Calculations & Rules
- MTEL Math: Graphing Derivatives & L'Hopital's Rule
- MTEL Math: Area Under the Curve & Integrals
- MTEL Math: Integration Techniques
- MTEL Math: Integration Applications
- MTEL Math: Differential Equations
- MTEL Math: Discrete & Finite Math
- MTEL Mathematics Flashcards