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Ch 44: MTEL Middle School Humanities: American Civil War

About This Chapter

Use this chapter to refresh your understanding of the American Civil War. By studying the content of these lessons, you will be better prepared for the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam.

MTEL Middle School Humanities: American Civil War - Chapter Summary

This chapter aims to prepare you for the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam by refreshing your knowledge of the American Civil War. These lessons provide a comprehensive yet concise overview of significant aspects of the war. Lesson topics included are:

  • Southern reaction to Lincoln's election
  • Comparison of Northern and Southern capabilities at the onset of the war
  • Significant battles, including the First Battle of Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg
  • Importance of the Emancipation Proclamation
  • Grant's march towards Richmond, Lincoln's assassination, and the end of the Civil War

These brief video lessons are led by instructors who are subject-matter experts. Both the videos and their accompanying full transcripts highlight key terms that will aid you in your studies. After you finish each lesson, take its practice quiz to see how well you remember the information you've just reviewed.

MTEL Middle School Humanities: American Civil War - Chapter Objectives

As a vital part of attaining your license to teach middle school humanities courses in Massachusetts, the MTEL Middle School Humanities test is meant to assess your knowledge of information pertinent to the humanities. The test is comprised of 100 multiple-choice and two open-response questions divided between six different content subareas. Roughly 25% of these questions relate to history topics with several objectives, including the ability to demonstrate an understanding of major developments in American history from 1815 through Reconstruction.

The content of these lessons focuses on the American Civil War, with explanations and analyses of political, social, and cultural developments throughout this time frame, all topics which may be tested on the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam. By carefully studying these videos, making note of key terms, and practicing with the quizzes, you can use this chapter to equip yourself for the exam.

8 Lessons in Chapter 44: MTEL Middle School Humanities: American Civil War
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy

1. Lincoln's Election, Southern Secession & the New Confederacy

Learn about how Abraham Lincoln's election in the contentious 1860 presidential race set off a domino effect leading to the secession of South Carolina and six other states and the formation of the Confederate States of America.

Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared

2. Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared

At the outbreak of the American Civil War, both the North and South believed the conflict would be over quickly. But advantages for both the Confederacy and the Union meant a prolonged war between the states. In this lesson, discover some of the advantages that the North and South had.

The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed

3. The First Battle of Bull Run: Civil War Blood is Shed

Three months after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Northern troops attacked Southern forces near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The first Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was the first major engagement of the Civil War and a terrifying defeat for the Union spectators who came to watch.

Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh

4. Key Civil War Battles in 1862: Monitor and Merrimac, Antietam, New Orleans & Shiloh

In 1862, the Union put its Anaconda Plan into action, resulting in several critical events: the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads Monitor and Virginia (Merrimack), the Battle of Shiloh, the capture of New Orleans, and the Battle of Antietam.

The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy

5. The Emancipation Proclamation: Creation, Context and Legacy

On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation went into effect. More than three million slaves in the South were freed, but the move was not without its critics, both then and now.

Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg

6. Civil War Turning Points: Chancellorsville, Gettysburg and Vicksburg

In 1863, three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. Learn about these Civil War turning points in this lesson.

End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond

7. End of the Civil War: General Grant Begins the March Toward Richmond

President Lincoln took a gamble and named Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union army. They devised a plan to finally take Richmond and win the war in 1864. In this lesson, learn about General Grant's controversial tactics.

Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

8. Lincoln's Assassination and Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse

Two of the most eventful weeks in American history took place between April 1 and April 15, 1865, during which Richmond (the capital of the Confederacy) fell, General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse and President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Middle School Humanities (50): Practice & Study Guide course

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