Ch 21: MTEL Middle School Humanities: Ancient Civilizations

About This Chapter

Look over this chapter to review your understanding of ancient civilizations including Egypt and Mesopotamia. These lessons may serve as a valuable resource in your preparations for the history questions of the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam.

MTEL Middle School Humanities: Ancient Civilizations - Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the histories of ancient civilizations, with emphases on cultures, religions, forms of agriculture, and economies to help you study for the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam. Specific aspects of ancient civilizations that will be explained in these lessons include:

  • The Fertile Crescent
  • Rivers and agricultural systems in Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia
  • Politics and religion in Ancient Mesopotamia
  • Egyptian ports and economy
  • Ramses the Great and Queen Hatshepsut
  • Sumerian and Akkadian religions, and Akkadian culture
  • Three main empires of the Iron Age
  • History of the Indus Valley
  • Origins of Hinduism and Buddhism

This chapter features brief video lessons that present pertinent information in a clear yet creative manner. Each lesson is accompanied by a full transcript that highlights key terminology that may prove beneficial to know for the exam. After you finish studying all of the lessons, be sure to test your comprehension by taking the cumulative chapter exam.

MTEL Middle School Humanities: Ancient Civilizations - Chapter Objectives

Before you can become certified to teach a middle school humanities course in Massachusetts, you need to pass the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam. This exam is meant to assess your basic knowledge of information taught in middle school humanities courses. Twenty-five percent of this exam's multiple-choice questions pertain to history topics, with one of the main objectives being a comprehension of ancient world civilizations through AD 500. By studying this chapter, you should be exposed to any potential topic these questions may ask.

Additionally, taking the chapter exam will give you experience answering questions in the same multiple-choice format as the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam.

11 Lessons in Chapter 21: MTEL Middle School Humanities: Ancient Civilizations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

1. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

Agriculture in Ancient Egypt & Mesopotamia

2. Agriculture in Ancient Egypt & Mesopotamia

Both the Egyptians and the Mesopotamians used rivers to develop impressive agricultural systems. However, each culture used rivers differently and, as a result, often had a very different relationship with the waters that nourished their fields.

Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

3. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.

Egyptian Trade in the Eastern Mediterranean & Nile Valley

4. Egyptian Trade in the Eastern Mediterranean & Nile Valley

Learn how Egypt used its many ports to grow its economy and how it traded for the goods that the Ancient World couldn't get enough of in this lesson. Then, test your knowledge with a short quiz.

Queen Hatshepsut & Ramses the Great of Egypt

5. Queen Hatshepsut & Ramses the Great of Egypt

While the pharaohs of Egypt may have ruled the land along the Nile for thousands of years throughout many dynasties, two names deserve special recognition as perhaps the greatest rulers. Learn more about Ramses the Great and Hatshepsut.

Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History

6. Religions of Sumer and Akkad: Definition & History

This lesson will explore the religion of ancient Sumer and its Akkadian empire. In doing this, it will highlight the Sumerian pantheon, their ziggurats, and their belief in the afterlife.

Akkadian Civilization: Culture, Art & Religion

7. Akkadian Civilization: Culture, Art & Religion

In this lesson, we explore the Akkadian empire of ancient Sumer. Possibly the first 'empire' to ever exist in the ancient world, Akkadian kings dominated Sumer for over a century.

Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

8. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires

This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.

Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro

9. Indus Valley Civilization: Harappa & Mohenjo-Daro

In this lesson, we will explore the mysterious Indus Valley civilization, which was located in modern Pakistan and reached its high point between about 2500 BCE and 1900 BCE.

The Origins of Hinduism: the Indus River Valley & the Harappa Culture

10. The Origins of Hinduism: the Indus River Valley & the Harappa Culture

This lesson will seek to explain the origins of Hinduism. Highlighting the Harappa culture and the Vedic period, it will also explore the Hindu beliefs in Moksha and Brahman.

Gautama Buddha: The Founding of Buddhism

11. Gautama Buddha: The Founding of Buddhism

This lesson will explore the founding of Buddhism and the life of Siddhartha Gautama. It will also highlight nirvana, asceticism, the concept of a bodhisattva, and the Bodhi tree.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Middle School Humanities (50): Practice & Study Guide course

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