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Ch 24: MTEL Middle School Humanities: Greek History

About This Chapter

Look over this chapter to review the history of Greece to help prepare you for the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam. These lessons will educate you on various aspects of Greek culture, politics, and religion about which the exam may ask you.

MTEL Middle School Humanities: Greek History - Chapter Summary

In this chapter you will learn about religion, myths, theater, and other aspects of ancient Greece to help you study for the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam. Additional topics that will be detailed include:

  • History from the fall of Mycenae through Greek colonization
  • Politics and city-states
  • Solon and Cleisthenes and their roles in Athenian democracy
  • Pottery, art, sculpture, and architecture styles
  • Presocratic philosophy
  • Famous philosophers of Alexandria
  • Philosophies and legacies of Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle
  • Alexander the Great and the seven wonders of his empire

You will be guided through these lessons by an expert instructor whose aim is to present the information as clearly and concisely as possible. At the end of every lesson you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge by taking a self-assessment. If you have any questions throughout your studies, you may submit them to our history specialists for assistance.

MTEL Middle School Humanities: Greek History- Chapter Objectives

Taking the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam is a part of your licensing process for teaching humanities in Massachusetts. This test is meant to assess your knowledge of basic humanities information spread over six content subareas. Twenty-five percent of the test's multiple-choice questions relate directly to the field of history, including the history of Greece. The content of these lessons should equip you with the knowledge you need to answer any questions about ancient Greece the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam may ask you.

14 Lessons in Chapter 24: MTEL Middle School Humanities: Greek History
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

1. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.

Greek City-States and Governments

2. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

3. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.

Greek Myth and Religion

4. Greek Myth and Religion

This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.

Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture

5. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture

A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.

Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian

6. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian

This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.

Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

7. Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

This lecture examines the function of theatre in Greek culture and religion, with special focus on the Athenians. It then explores the three different sorts of Greek theatre: satyr plays, comedy and tragedy, citing specific examples. Finally, we study the impact of theatre on Western civilization.

The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

8. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.

Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers

9. Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers

This lecture recounts the achievements of the many great minds that called Alexandria home. We will look at Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Herophilos, Erasistratus and Eratosthenes.

Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

10. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.

Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

11. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.

Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

12. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.

Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

13. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.

The Seven Wonders of Alexander the Great's Empire

14. The Seven Wonders of Alexander the Great's Empire

In this lesson, we will explore the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World in the context of the empire of Alexander the Great. We will look at the major characteristics of each of the wonders in turn.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

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