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Ch 58: MTEL Middle School Humanities: Urban Geography

About This Chapter

Examine this chapter to learn more about the geography of cities throughout history and in the United States specifically. A careful review of these lessons can aid you in your studies for the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam.

MTEL Middle School Humanities: Urban Geography - Chapter Summary

This chapter will help you get ready for the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam by explaining the geographical aspects of urban development. In these lessons, you will learn about:

  • Creation of cities from villages throughout history
  • Major types and purposes of human settlements
  • Factors of city land use
  • Central place theory
  • Characteristics of suburbs, suburban sprawl, downtowns, and U.S. inner cities
  • Development of urban societies and components of urban areas
  • Differences in urban structure models
  • Explanations and models of American urban structures

You may use this chapter in a variety of ways throughout your studies. The lessons may be viewed as brief videos or you may read their full transcripts to make note of highlighted key words. After you review each lesson, you can practice using what you've learned by taking a self-assessment to determine how well you comprehend the lesson's content. There is also a cumulative exam available to gauge your understanding upon your completion of the chapter.

MTEL Middle School Humanities: Urban Geography- Chapter Objectives

A vital step in your licensure process, the MTEL Middle School Humanities exam is meant to assess your capabilities to teach humanities in the state of Massachusetts based upon your knowledge of the subject. Fifteen percent of the exam tests your understanding of geography, including the concept of urban geography as described in these lessons.

This chapter's content thoroughly details the main aspects of urban geography as they may be presented on the exam. These lessons aim to familiarize you with pertinent information about city development, suburbs, models of American urban structures, and other related geographical information to equip you with the ability to answer related questions easily. In addition to preparing you for some of the multiple-choice questions on the exam, having a firm grasp on this chapter's content may also help prepare you for one of the open-response questions that may relate to geography.

14 Lessons in Chapter 58: MTEL Middle School Humanities: Urban Geography
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented

1. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented

In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.

Human Settlements: Definition & Functions

2. Human Settlements: Definition & Functions

People don't live in a vacuum. We live with other people. Watch this lesson to find out about human settlements, including the two major types, and some of the functions and benefits of living with others, instead of on your own.

Distribution of People in Rural Settlements

3. Distribution of People in Rural Settlements

People live in many different environments, from big cities to isolation in the country. Watch this lesson to find out more about rural settlements, including the difference in urban and rural settlements and the pros and cons of rural settlements.

Types of Human Settlements: Definitions & Comparisons

4. Types of Human Settlements: Definitions & Comparisons

Most people don't live completely alone. They live in cities, towns, and rural areas near others. In this lesson, we'll examine types of human settlements, including common settlement designations and some of the challenges in categorizing settlements.

City Land Use: Economy, Social Factors & Government

5. City Land Use: Economy, Social Factors & Government

Land is at a premium in urban areas, and choices have to be made about how to use different parcels of city land. In this lesson, we'll look at different factors that affect city land use, including government, physical, social, and economic factors.

Service Distribution: Central Place Theory & Market-Area Analysis

6. Service Distribution: Central Place Theory & Market-Area Analysis

This lesson seeks to explain the central place theory and market area analysis. In doing this, we will highlight range, threshold, competition, and transportation.

Suburbs in the U.S.: Characteristics & Common Issues

7. Suburbs in the U.S.: Characteristics & Common Issues

Many people want to live near a city but prefer the quiet and space offered outside the city. In this lesson, we'll explore suburbs in the United States, including the peripheral model, and trends, characteristics, and common issues of suburbs.

The Rise of Urban Societies & Current Patterns of Urbanization

8. The Rise of Urban Societies & Current Patterns of Urbanization

People live in many different places: cities, suburbs, and the country. In this lesson, we'll look at historical and modern trends having to do with cities, including how the Industrial Revolution and urban renewal programs impacted urban populations.

Urban Land Development and Suburban Sprawl: Environmental Consequences

9. Urban Land Development and Suburban Sprawl: Environmental Consequences

In the past, most people lived in rural areas. There has been a shift in recent years towards urban and suburban living. Not only has this shift changed where more people reside, it has also had many environmental consequences.

U.S. Inner Cities: Characteristics & Challenges

10. U.S. Inner Cities: Characteristics & Challenges

When people use the phrase 'inner city,' what do they mean? What is the inner city? Watch this lesson to find out the formal and euphamistic definitions of inner city, including characteristics of and some issues facing inner city neighborhoods.

Urban Structure Models: United States vs. Abroad

11. Urban Structure Models: United States vs. Abroad

Much of the world's population lives in cities. But are they the same all over the world? In this lesson, we'll take a look at urban areas, including how different countries define an urban area and demographic differences in cities around the world.

Metropolitan Area, Physical City & City Center

12. Metropolitan Area, Physical City & City Center

Millions of people live in cities around the world, but what exactly are the different sections of an urban area? In this lesson, we'll explore the components of an urban area, including metropolitan area, physical city, and city center.

Downtown, the Central Business District: Land Use Issues in the U.S. & Abroad

13. Downtown, the Central Business District: Land Use Issues in the U.S. & Abroad

When people picture a city skyline, they are often picturing the downtown area. In this lesson, we'll explore downtown areas, including their relationship to the central business district of a city and characteristics of them.

U.S. Urban Structures: Concentric Zone, Sector & Multiple Nuclei Models

14. U.S. Urban Structures: Concentric Zone, Sector & Multiple Nuclei Models

How are cities organized? This is a central question that has been explored for almost a century. In this lesson, we'll look at three of the common models to explain urban structures in America: the Burgess model, the sector model, and the multiple nuclei model.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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